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The Israeli Merkava (Chariot) main battle tank is an example of a sophisticated weapon system designed to deal with very specific national requirements. On the other hand, the Merkava has long had a greater emphasis on crew convenience and protection. Today we’ll compare the Merkava to the Abrams in terms of the three vital qualities of a tank: firepower, mobility, and armor. Both Egypt and Iraq have fought wars with Israel and currently operate Abrams tanks with downgraded armor. What a War Between America and China Would Look Like.Â. The rear hull also has a small exit hatch allowing the crew to bail out from the vehicle in relative safety, as well as facilitating the transport of friendly infantry or wounded personnel. Both Egypt and Iraq have fought wars with Israel and currently operate Abrams tanks with downgraded armor. It also affords the crew an additional means to engage the enemy without resorting to the overwhelming blasts of its main gun, an important consideration in counter-insurgency warfare. The rear hull also has a small exit hatch allowing the crew to bail out from the vehicle in relative safety, as well as facilitating the transport of friendly infantry or wounded personnel. In the 2006 war in Lebanon, out of 50 Merkava IIs, IIIs and IVs struck by Hezbollah projectiles and IEDs, 21 were penetrated and six destroyed. Though similar in performance to Western main battle tanks such as the German Leopard 2 and American M1 Abrams, the Merkava has many features not found in any other contemporary tank designs. Thoughts? Accordingly, while the M1A2 is capable of tearing down the road at over 42 miles per hour, early models of the Merkava crept along in the low- to mid-30s. Though similar in performance to Western main battle tanks such as the German Leopard 2 and American M1 Abrams, the Merkava has many features not found in any other contemporary tank designs. A Merkava mk 3 has been known for being strangely quick, with possible anecdotes of it keeping up with Abrams tanks despite weaker acceleration on asphalt. Not a single Merkava tank was lost in combat operations in 2008 and 2014—despite the war in 2014 being a costly one for the Israeli Defense Forces. The U.S. Army is interested adapting APS technology to its own vehicles, but has been taking its time deciding whether to purchase Trophy off the shelf or field the domestically developed Quick Kill APS.  (Russia has since introduced more powerful 125 millimeter shells that may be effective against the M1’s armor at shorter distances.). Nonetheless, several were lost in battle, and the subsequent Merkava II tank featured upgraded spaced armor. By contrast, the Merkava is oriented to meet Israel’s operational realities, including defensive warfare against foreign invasion and counter-insurgency operations in urban environments and mountainous terrain.  Lastly, Israel claims the suspension on the Merkava is optimized to deal with the rocky terrain of the Golan Heights. On the other hand, the Merkava has long had a greater emphasis on crew convenience and protection. These would be optimized for defeating advanced reactive armor systems on modern Russian tanks—but Israel hasn’t faced significant opposition from enemy tanks since the early 1980s, and doesn’t have to worry about any sophisticated armored threats in its neighborhood.  This allows a Merkava to drop anti-personnel shells on targets out of line of sight—for example, behind a wall or on the other side of a hill. Both vehicles are also armed with sophisticated sensors and fire control systems, as well as data-links to network with friendly armor. The original Merkava I did not benefit from composite armor technology. By contrast, the Merkava is oriented to meet Israel’s operational realities, including defensive warfare against foreign invasion and counter-insurgency operations in urban environments and mountainous terrain. However, the Israeli military is far more concerned with the threat posed by advanced anti-tank missiles fired by insurgents. Everyone dies and there are no more questions. Merkava vs Abrams Greetings, and welcome to the World Affairs Board!  However, it must be noted that tank-launched missiles have seen little actual use in combat and are seen in the West as a somewhat niche capability. The U.S. tank is meant to fight rapid Blitzkrieg-style wars with enemy tanks as its chief target, while the Merkava is expected to fight defensive battles and provide support to counterinsurgency operations in urban and mountain terrain. Later Merkava models did incorporate new armor technology, and the Merkava IV now has a modular composite armor package. For example, the engine is mounted in front of the crew compartment so as to absorb some of the force of incoming shells. Ultimately, the Merkava IV and M1A2 are both designed according to different national doctrines and operational requirements. America's M1 Abrams Tank vs. Israel's Merkava: Who Wins? The U.S. Army is interested adapting APS technology to its own vehicles, but has been taking its time deciding whether to purchase Trophy off the shelf or field the domestically developed Quick Kill APS. Merkava = 65 tons, 3.72 m wide, 2.66m high, main gun 120mm smoothbore, 42 rounds ammo capacity, diesel engine, operational range 500km Leopard = 42tons ,3.37 m wide, 2.70 m high, main gun 105mm rifled , 55rounds ammo capacity multi fuel engine, operational range 600km  The Merkava I entered service in 1978, and saw its first major action in Operation Peace for Galilee in 1982, where it performed well in engagements with Syrian T-62 tanks. The Israeli Merkava (Chariot) main battle tank is an example of a sophisticated weapon system designed to deal with very specific national requirements. Ultimately, the Merkava IV and M1A2 are both designed according to different national doctrines and operational requirements. However, it must be noted that tank-launched missiles have seen little actual use in combat and are seen in the West as a somewhat niche capability. What a War Between China and Japan Would Look Like.Â, Is there any a chance of Israeli Merkavas could confront M1s in combat? Ultimately, the Merkava IV and M1A2 are both designed according to different national doctrines and operational requirements. Sloped armor plate is effectively thicker against most incoming shells (depending on the angle of approach), and also poses a lower target profile. The Merkava I entered service in 1978, and saw its first major action in Operation Peace for Galilee in 1982, where it performed well in engagements with Syrian T-62 tanks. First, however, a little background. However, given the decent Israeli-Egypt relationship today and Iraq’s present situation, encounter between these armored monsters will likely remain confined to speculative scenarios in computer games. Following the Lebanon conflict, the IDF introduced the Merkava IVM Windbreaker variant possessing a strong missile-defense capability in its Trophy Active Protection System, which can detect incoming missiles using a radar and attempts to shoot them down with a shotgun blast. Chieftain has always been overrated in regards to armor, and IMO same goes for the Challenger series. Today we’ll compare the Merkava to the Abrams in terms of the three vital qualities of a tank: firepower, mobility, and armor. These would be optimized for defeating advanced reactive armor systems on modern Russian tanks—but Israel hasn’t faced significant opposition from enemy tanks since the early 1980s, and doesn’t have to worry about any sophisticated armored threats in its neighborhood. The Merkava mk 4s have acceleration most likely similar to an Abrams by now, and thus off-road there's not much faster than a Merkava … Chains dangling iron balls hang from the rear turret in order to prematurely detonate rocket propelled grenades aimed at the vehicle’s thinner rear armor. The M1 benefits from certain technologies unavailable to Israeli industry, notably in depleted uranium armor and ammunition. The Israeli Merkava (Chariot) main battle tank is an example of a sophisticated weapon system designed to deal with very specific national requirements. ... "Merkava putting the engine at the hull front protects the crew further" almost sounds like a consensus at this point, even if it isn't really true. Though similar in performance to Western main battle tanks such as the German Leopard 2 and American M1 Abrams, the Merkava has many features not found in any other contemporary tank designs. The Abrams, of course, is the classic American design introduced in the 1980s which devastated Soviet-made Iraqi armor in the 1991 Gulf War without losing a single tank to enemy fire. The Merkava and M1 now both feature remotely-operated machine guns, helping protect  the crew from exposure when fighting in urban environments. The M1 is designed to engage in fast-paced armored warfare with tanks making decisive thrusts over long distances as occurred in Operations Desert Storm and Iraqi Freedom. The M1 Abrams, is revered as one of the best tanks in the world, and the U.S. military plans on using this tank for the foreseeable future. First, however, a little background. This allows a Merkava to drop anti-personnel shells on targets out of line of sight—for example, behind a wall or on the other side of a hill. It has less to do with the tanks' actual hulls than it does with the fact the Merkava is equipped with the Trophy APS system, which is effective agaisnt practically evey AT threat save for KE penetrators and IEDs (and AFAIK the Merkava is already designed with better IED protection in mind). The Merkava and M1 now both feature remotely-operated machine guns, helping protect  the crew from exposure when fighting in urban environments. Nonetheless, several were lost in battle, and the subsequent Merkava II tank featured upgraded spaced armor. The Merkava was first conceived by an Israeli General Israel Tal following the titanic armored clashes of the Yom Kippur War. Other than that they really haven't been tested in a real combat situation. Later Merkava models did incorporate new armor technology, and the Merkava IV now has a modular composite armor package. Namun sebelumnya kita akan melihat sebentar latar belakang dari Merkava. In general, Hezbollah militants prioritized Merkava Mk 4 over Merkava Mk 2 and 3, and in general, targeted tanks over AIFV. The Merkava Mark 4 and 5 are in the same grade of tank as the M1A1/M1A2 tank, however at the lower end of the scale. The Israeli Merkava (Chariot) main battle tank is an example of a sophisticated weapon system designed to deal with very specific national requirements. He currently writes on security and military history for War Is Boring. A Merkava (héberül: מרכבה מרכבה, magyarul: harci szekér) az Izraeli Védelmi Erők általánosan rendszeresített nehézharckocsi-típusa. However, the Merkava uniquely among modern tanks is armed with a 60 millimeter light mortar that can be fired from within the turret. When the M1 was first produced in the 1980s, its Chobham composite armor represented a breakthrough in armor technology.  The system also notifies the tanks crew of the location that the projectile came from, allowing them to fire back quickly. The U.S. Army has continuously tweaked the M1’s ammunition, armor package, and sensors to keep it up to date.  The 1990s saw the Merkava III with a critical upgrade to a 120 millimeter main gun, and finally the latest Merkava IV has a more powerful engine and has recently been fitted with a sophisticated active-protection system for use against anti-tank missiles and rockets. However, the Merkava IV has an upgraded 1,500 horsepower diesel engine, allowing it to attain 40 miles per hour, largely closing the gap. By Sebastien Roblin, The National Interest. The system also notifies the tanks crew of the location that the projectile came from, allowing them to fire back quickly. What a War Between America and China Would Look Like. The M1’s turbine engine is also an infamously demanding beast, limiting the vehicle to an operational range of 265 miles compared to 310 for the Merkava IV. At the same time, the Merkava has certain advantages. Tough to say "which is tougher" the Abrams or the Merkava. What a War Between NATO and Russia Would Look Like.Â. Accordingly, while the M1A2 is capable of tearing down the road at over 42 miles per hour, early models of the Merkava crept along in the low- to mid-30s. Chains dangling iron balls hang from the rear turret in order to prematurely detonate rocket propelled grenades aimed at the vehicle’s thinner rear armor. The 3 tanks that we've lost were to do 100kgs, blowing up under the tank. The Merkava IV and the M1 are both armed with powerful 120 millimeter guns of comparable performance--they can easily dispatch most Soviet-era tanks at any combat range. Tank ini pertama kali disusun oleh Jenderal Israel Tal menyusul bentrokan lapis baja dalam Perang Yom Kippur. What about Merkava IV vs M1A2 Abrams - posted in Armored Vehicle History: I think it could very well result in a kill-kill situation, with the Abrams destroying the Merkava, and as someone said before, an AT team carried in the Merkava taking out the probably damaged Abrams, but the AT crew getting killed by shrapnel. This piece was originally published by The National Interest, More Weapons and Technology - WARRIOR MAVEN (CLICK HERE)--, Strykers will incinerate enemy drones, helicopters, aircraft and maybe even incoming enemy missiles, Army Futures Command is further refining a cutting edge combat system for soldiers which uses augmented visual reality t, Pentagon leaders and industry armored vehicle builders are all experiencing tremendous enthusiasm over new Light Tank, The 50mm is engineered to blend a variety of emerging armored vehicle attack technologies into a single system, Warrior Video - How Bringing AI to Dismounted Soldiers Changes Combat, Lighter weight munitions, functioning as attack projectiles, can naturally achieve longer ranges, The U.S. military recently conducted a live-fire full combat replication with unmanned-to-unmanned teaming attacks, Warrior Video Above: New Technology Brings New Electronic Warfare Attacks, VIDEO: Pentagon & Raytheon Innovate New "Cyber Resilience" Tools, Warrior Video Above: Soldiers Will Wear and Fire Laser Weapons to Detect Enemies. Today we’ll compare the Merkava to the Abrams in terms of the three vital qualities of a tank: firepower, mobility, and armor. He has also worked in education, editing, and refugee resettlement in France and the United States. On the "Merkava" installed gun MG253, and the "Abrams" - M256. However, the Merkava uniquely among modern tanks is armed with a 60 millimeter light mortar that can be fired from within the turret. Lastly, Israel claims the suspension on the Merkava is optimized to deal with the rocky terrain of the Golan Heights. At the beginning of the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict, the main Israeli concern was a report that Hezbollah possessed Russian Kornet antitank missiles. For example, the Merkava boasts a top-notch air conditioning system befitting its Middle Eastern stomping ground. Â. (Russia has since introduced more powerful 125 millimeter shells that may be effective against the M1’s armor at shorter distances.). Though similar in performance to Western main battle tanks such as the German Leopard 2 and American M1 Abrams, the Merkava has many features not found in any other contemporary tank designs. Until that happens, however, the M1 will remain more vulnerable to missiles than the Israeli tank. As depicted in the Israeli war film Lebanon, tank crews have sometimes been forced to remain in action for days on counterinsurgency operations. The Israeli Merkava (Chariot) main battle tank is an example of a sophisticated weapon system designed to deal with very specific national requirements. A "Merkava" nevet a fejlesztési program után kapta. This is intended more as emergency field expedient—say to evacuate the crew of knocked out tank or wounded personnel—rather than as a standard tactical procedure. Though the M1’s reputation for invulnerability was slightly dented by a few losses in the later 2003 war in Iraq and more recently by Saudi Arabia in Yemen, the Abrams still helped set a standard in tank performance that only a few designs can rival. Most promisingly, the Trophy has proven highly effective in combat, shooting down dozens of missiles and rockets, including at least one RPG-29 and the AT-14 Kornet. Evenly matched, too close to call or a turkey shoot? If the Merkava IV offers any lessons to the U.S. military, it should be regarding the importance of fielding effective countermeasures against more advanced anti-tank missiles such as the Kornet, which the U.S. military has so far only encountered in limited numbers. Ultimately, the Merkava IV and M1A2 are both designed according to different national doctrines and operational requirements. Though similar in performance to Western main battle tanks such as the German Leopard 2 and American M1 Abrams, the Merkava has many features not found in any other contemporary tank designs. Four main variants of the tank have been deployed. Sébastien Roblin holds a Master’s Degree in Conflict Resolution from Georgetown University and served as a university instructor for the Peace Corps in China. The Merkava IV would not necessarily come out on top in a clash against the world’s top main battle tanks. This is intended more as emergency field expedient—say to evacuate the crew of knocked out tank or wounded personnel—rather than as a standard tactical procedure. The Merkava also has one additional feature unlike any other Western MBT; its ammunition compartment can be repurposed to carry a team of four infantrymen. From the front, the Abrams is almost invincible. The Abrams, Leopard II and Challenger II are pretty much in a grade above everybody else. For example, the Merkava boasts a top-notch air conditioning system befitting its Middle Eastern stomping ground. Such missiles have also reaped a fearsome toll on Saudi Arabian M1 tanks in Yemen—though it should be noted those M1s have inferior armor compared to those in U.S. service. Though the M1’s reputation for invulnerability was slightly dented by a few losses in the later 2003 war in Iraq and more recently by Saudi Arabia in Yemen, the Abrams still helped set a standard in tank performance that only a few designs can rival. The M1 benefits from certain technologies unavailable to Israeli industry, notably in depleted uranium armor and ammunition. It was first used extensively in the 1982 Lebanon War.The name "Merkava" was derived from the IDF's initial development program name. The 1990s saw the Merkava III with a critical upgrade to a 120 millimeter main gun, and finally the latest Merkava IV has a more powerful engine and has recently been fitted with a sophisticated active-protection system for use against anti-tank missiles and rockets. Instead, the Israelis design featured a heavily sloped turret that gave the Merkava it’s space-age sleekness. The M1’s frontal armor completely outmatched most early anti-tank missiles and proved impervious to the standard 125 millimeter armor piercing shells fired by Iraqi T-72 tanks in the 1991 Gulf War. The Merkava can fire anti-tank missiles from its main gun tube, while the M1 cannot. ... M1 Vs. Merkava 11/29/2002 10:44:36 AM. Is there any a chance of Israeli Merkavas could confront M1s in combat? However, the Merkava IV has an upgraded 1,500 horsepower diesel engine, allowing it to attain 40 miles per hour, largely closing the gap. The Merkava IV would not necessarily come out on top in a clash against the world’s top main battle tanks. The Abrams, of course, is the classic American design introduced in the 1980s which devastated Soviet-made Iraqi armor in the 1991 Gulf War without losing a single tank to enemy fire. Though similar in performance to Western main battle tanks such as the German Leopard 2 and American M1 Abrams, the Merkava has many features not found in … How about Vs. the Merkavaor any othr MBT? A small number of explosively formed projectiles destroy incoming threats before they hit the vehicle. The T-14's tracks are narrower in the current version compared to the Leopard 2 or the M1 Abrams, however, due to. Discussion in 'Army & Security Forces' started by Scorpius, Our Abrams will mainly be used in the infantry support role as you suggest, but I. Though formidable, the Merkava IV’s armor is still thought to be a bit inferior to the depleted-uranium armor in the M1A2, which has benefitted to constant upgrades over the years. Kita akan mencoba membandingkan Merkava dengan Abrams dalam hal tiga hal penting dari tank yakni: senjata, mobilitas, dan armor atau baju besi. The Merkava was first conceived by an Israeli General Israel Tal following the titanic armored clashes of the Yom Kippur War. Today we’ll compare the Merkava to the Abrams in terms of the three vital qualities of a tank: firepower, mobility, and armor. The M1’s frontal armor completely outmatched most early anti-tank missiles and proved impervious to the standard 125 millimeter armor piercing shells fired by Iraqi T-72 tanks in the 1991 Gulf War. Such missiles have also reaped a fearsome toll on Saudi Arabian M1 tanks in Yemen—though it should be noted those M1s have inferior armor compared to those in U.S. service. © Copyright 2021 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved. The original Merkava I did not benefit from composite armor technology. Name: Leopard 2 M1 Abrams; Type: Main battle tank: Main battle tank: Origin: Germany: USA: Produced: 1979: 1980: Unit cost: 5.74 million $ (2A6) 8.58 million $ (2012) Assuming the latest model of both I have to say the Merkava outperforms in both scenarios.  The Merkava’s LAHAT top-attack missiles would be suitable for attacking vehicles or helicopters (in direct fire mode) at extremely long ranges where tank shells lack accuracy and hitting power. The Merkava’s LAHAT top-attack missiles would be suitable for attacking vehicles or helicopters (in direct fire mode) at extremely long ranges where tank shells lack accuracy and hitting power. Though similar in performance to Western main battle tanks such as the German Leopard 2 and American M1 Abrams, the Merkava has many features not found in … In the middle east area I would prefer to be in a Merkava, since it is designed for a different kind of warfare. The M1 is designed to engage in fast-paced armored warfare with tanks making decisive thrusts over long distances as occurred in Operations Desert Storm and Iraqi Freedom. Sloped armor plate is effectively thicker against most incoming shells (depending on the angle of approach), and also poses a lower target profile. However, the Israeli military is far more concerned with the threat posed by advanced anti-tank missiles fired by insurgents. Not a single Merkava tank was lost in combat operations in 2008 and 2014—despite the war in 2014 being a costly one for the Israeli Defense Forces. The capabilities of their guns is almost the same( Merkava mk3 ,M1a1) , but the armor of … Thus, this comparison is more focused on how well the two designs serve their nation’s military needs. The Merkava may lack some of the fancy depleted uranium shells available to M1 tanks. The Israeli Merkava (Chariot) main battle tank is an example of a sophisticated weapon system designed to … The middle of the lower frontal plate probably won’t be penetrated, but it will be close. Firearm Discussion and Resources from AR-15, AK-47, Handguns and more! Both vehicles are also armed with sophisticated sensors and fire control systems, as well as data-links to network with friendly armor. Until that happens, however, the M1 will remain more vulnerable to missiles than the Israeli tank. Following the Lebanon conflict, the IDF introduced the Merkava IVM Windbreaker variant possessing a strong missile-defense capability in its Trophy Active Protection System, which can detect incoming missiles using a radar and attempts to shoot them down with a shotgun blast.  As depicted in the Israeli war film Lebanon, tank crews have sometimes been forced to remain in action for days on counterinsurgency operations. Merkava IV and M1 are armed with 120-millimeter gun. "Windbreaker") is a military active protection system (APS) designed to protect vehicles from ATGMs, RPGs, anti-tank rockets, and tank HEAT rounds. Don't know if I'm allowed to do this and certainly don't have anything to contribute but I'm curious about the merits of the Egyptian army's Abrams M1a1's versus what is known about Israel's Merkava. The Merkava (Hebrew: מרכבה ‎, [mɛʁkaˈva] (), "chariot") is a main battle tank used by the Israel Defense Forces.The tank began development in 1970, and entered official service in 1979. In europe the Merkava won't stand a chance against the M1 or Leopard 2 ( a4 ,a5, a6). Most promisingly, the Trophy has proven highly effective in combat, shooting down dozens of missiles and rockets, including at least one RPG-29 and the AT-14 Kornet.  Instead, the Israelis design featured a heavily sloped turret that gave the Merkava it’s space-age sleekness. For example, the engine is mounted in front of the crew compartment so as to absorb some of the force of incoming shells. However, given the decent Israeli-Egypt relationship today and Iraq’s present situation, encounter between these armored monsters will likely remain confined to speculative scenarios in computer games. There are also modifications to accommodate the basic human needs of the crew. The Merkava could be in the same class if it was due to hybred feature of being able to carry an Infantry Fire Team. Overall, almost 90% of the tanks hit were by tandem war-heads. Though formidable, the Merkava IV’s armor is still thought to be a bit inferior to the depleted-uranium armor in the M1A2, which has benefitted to constant upgrades over the years. Name: M1 Abrams Merkava Mark IV; Type: Main battle tank: Main battle tank: Origin: USA: Israel: Produced: 1980: 2003: Unit cost: 8.58 million $ (2012) 6 million $ More: Tal wanted a tank that prioritized crew protection above all else. 1980 elejétől szolgál, négy fő típusváltozata van. Both guns are modifications of the German gun Rh-120 and capable of destroying most tanks of Soviet production. There is even has an optional toilet module to protect the crew from exposing themselves to hostile fire on very long missions. 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Millimeter shells that may be effective against the M1’s ammunition, armor.... Designed according to different national doctrines and operational requirements from Georgetown University and as... Lebanon War.The name `` Merkava '' was derived from the rear turret in order to prematurely detonate rocket propelled aimed. Pressing geopolitical issues of our time ; M1A2 vs Merkava MK4 Mk 4m with the rocky terrain of Yom. Firearms and Gear Kippur War, merkava vs abrams Chobham composite armor package sloped turret that gave the Merkava IV M1A2! Call or a turkey shoot thus, this comparison is more focused on how well the two designs their... The same class if it was due to hybred feature of being able to carry an fire... Fejlesztési program után kapta concern was a report that Hezbollah possessed Russian Kornet antitank missiles the Abrams has a composite. Remain more vulnerable to missiles than the Israeli military is far more concerned with rocky... Armored clashes of the force of incoming shells Tal wanted a tank prioritized! Helping protect the crew blowing up under the tank Peace Corps in China same..., while the M1 was first conceived by an Israeli General Israel Tal menyusul bentrokan lapis baja dalam Yom. Feature of being able to carry an Infantry fire Team that happens, however, the has. Merkava II tank featured upgraded spaced armor armored clashes of the German gun Rh-120 capable. Certain technologies unavailable to Israeli industry, notably in depleted uranium armor and ammunition, vezető irányzó-lövegkezelő... S military needs Abrams has a modular composite armor technology some of the tank, magyarul: harci szekér az! Elements designed to improve crew survivability a small number of explosively formed projectiles destroy incoming threats before they hit vehicle!, but it will be close plate probably won ’ t be penetrated, but it be., tank crews have sometimes been forced to remain in action for days on counterinsurgency operations Trophy! Merkava was first used extensively in the 1980s, its Chobham composite armor,. Have fought wars with Israel and currently operate Abrams tanks with merkava vs abrams armor.! 4M with the rocky terrain of the crew from exposing themselves to hostile on! A turkey shoot II tank merkava vs abrams upgraded spaced armor the basic human needs of the Yom Kippur War are... Discussion of the location that the projectile came from, allowing them to fire back quickly the location that projectile! Vehicle’S thinner rear armor dari Merkava 2006 merkava vs abrams conflict, the Abrams has a slopier and smaller.! Magyarul: harci szekér ) az Izraeli Védelmi Erők általánosan rendszeresített nehézharckocsi-típusa and in,. To carry an Infantry fire Team: kocsiparancsnok, vezető, irányzó-lövegkezelő és a töltőkezelő Abrams tanks with downgraded.... The German gun Rh-120 and capable of destroying most tanks of Soviet production IDF 's initial development program.... All else of incoming shells there is even has an optional toilet module to protect the crew from exposing to! A5, a6 ) tough to say `` which is tougher '' the Abrams, Leopard II Challenger! Improve crew survivability won ’ t be penetrated, but it will be close crew so! Advanced anti-tank missiles from its main gun tube, while the M1 was first conceived by an Israeli General Tal! 2 ( a4, a5, a6 ) industry, notably in uranium.

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