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[6] It is most abundant in Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana, but also inhabits South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Kansas, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, and Georgia. The gestation period lasts 35 to 40 days. It occurs in western Tennessee and some parts of middle Tennessee. The swamp rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus) is the largest of the rabbits that occur in the southeastern United States. President and CEO Collin O’Mara reveals in a TEDx Talk why it is essential to connect our children and future generations with wildlife and the outdoors—and how doing so is good for our health, economy, and environment. Swamp Rabbit Picture of Swamp Rabbit . They like lowlands near water -- cypress swamps, marshes, floodplains. The breeding season typically falls between February and August. 3.6 lb (1.6 kg) to 5.9 lb (2.7 kg), averaging about 4.8 lb (2.2 kg). The name “swamp” should be a dead give away. In a crock pot, you can't tell them apart. The Swamp Rabbit is the largest North American cottontail. [6], Known predators of Sylvilagus aquaticus are domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris), American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis), and humans (Homo sapiens). The swamp rabbit is the largest member of the cottontail genus. One of the other factors to which cottontail hunters must get accustomed to when hunting swamp rabbits is the terrain. 93–96., doi:10.1016/j.mambio.2018.09.001. Other Names Cane-cutter Size Length: 45 - 55cm. 93, 2018, pp. Abbreviation key >> Internet citations >> Glossary >> Lepus americanus [Snowshoe Hare] × Oryctolagus cuniculus [European Rabbit] CHR. Young are born with well-developed fur but their eyes are closed and they are immobile. When a predator gets close, these rabbits are likely to jump in the water and swim away, or dive under roots or overhangs to escape. of hunting dogs, swamp rabbits elude pursuers by lying still in the water We're on the ground in seven regions across the country, collaborating with 53 state and territory affiliates to reverse the crisis and ensure wildlife thrive. Most females will have two to three litters per year. Attend a virtual roundtable to learn about the challenges Black people face when accessing and enjoying the outdoors, and learn about ways in which we can address barriers and challenges. An herbivore, swamp rabbits eat grass, sedges, shrubs, twigs, tree seedlings, and tree bark. Food passes through their gut twice, first producing soft, green feces (cecotropes) which still contain nutrients. Their eyes have opened by day 3 and the young have begun walking. [5], The swamp rabbit is found in much of the south-central United States and along the Gulf coast. An adult swamp rabbit is 18 to 22 inches in length. In 4 seconds, you will be redirected to nwfactionfund.org, the site of the National Wildlife Action Fund, a 501(c)(4) organization. The rabbits are often found near water and in the cover of thickets, stumps, or fallen trees. Young are sexually mature at 7 months and reach adult weight at 10 months. In fact, he does not seem to be … [8], Swamp rabbits are herbivorous; they eat a variety of foraged plants, including grasses, sedges, shrubs, tree bark seedlings, and twigs. The first two are true rabbits, but the jackrabbit is not a rabbit at all; it's a hare. [6] Swamp rabbits have several adaptations to avoid predators: cryptic coloration, "freezing", and rapid, irregular jumping patterns. When fighting, males will stand on their hind legs and use their teeth and claws to inflict wounds on their opponent. The Swamp Rabbit is a large cottontail rabbit found in swamps and wetlands of the southern US. Description : The swamp rabbit is similar to the eastern cottontail but has a generally larger size, proportionately shorter and rounder ears, coarser body fur with a yellowish cast (particularly to the rump), and more black mottling. [6] They feed mainly at night but rain showers will often cause them to feed during daytime as well. Since all three live within our borders, let's take a closer look at them. They make nests of grasses and twigs in a depression on the ground under a brush pile or log. The females give birth to up to six offspring. The ranges of these animals were originally disjunct, but O. cuniculus is now feral in the range of L. americanus.High rates of fertilization occur in rabbits inseminated with hare semen, but less than 10% of hare oocytes are fertilized with rabbit semen. Tail length averages 2 inches. Alike yet different, is a good way to describe the eastern cottontail, the swamp rabbit, and the California jackrabbit. Females can have 1 to 3 litters a year with each litter consisting of 4 to 6 young. [7], S. aquaticus is the largest of the cottontail species, although its ears are smaller than of other cottontails. “Winter Snow Cover Increases Swamp Rabbit (Sylvilagus Aquaticus) Mortality at the Northern Extent of Their Range.” Mammalian Biology, vol. It is locally abundant in some regions, but in states such as Oklahoma and Missouri, its range is rapidly diminishing due to degradation and loss of wetland habitat. Spermatogenesis has been noted to occur in S. aquaticus in Missouri in October and November. [6] The head and back are typically dark or rusty brown or black, while the throat, ventral surface, and tail are white, and there is a cinnamon-colored ring around the eye. Animal Diversity Web, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, The Mammals of Texas, by William B. Davis and David J. Schmidly. S. aquaticus exhibit induced ovulation and have an hour-long estrus. They usually cover a lot more ground a lot faster than a cottontail and will hit water without hesitation. The swamp rabbit is the largest member of the cottontail genus. The rabbit’s neck is a brownish rust color and its ears are small and rounded with a black spot between. [6] Even though their swimming abilities lack the speed to escape a pack Ditch the disposables and make the switch to sustainable products. The Swamp rabbit is the largest member of the cottontail rabbit species. However, this feature is not present in … From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The marsh rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris) is a small cottontail rabbit found in marshes and swamps of coastal regions of the Eastern and Southern United States. As a verb rabbit is They will also jump from the ground and strike with the sharp claws of the hind feet.[5]. Swamp rabbit home range estimates vary in size, with estimates ranging from <1 ha to 20.2 ha, depending on the location and method used to estimate the home range. Among all the cottontail rabbits, the swamp rabbit is the largest one. The smallest mature swamp rabbit is about the size of the largest mature cottontail. Females give birth to altricial young. [5] A study has found that the preferred foods of S. aquaticus are savannah panicgrass (Phanopyrum gymnocarpon), false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica), dewberry (Rubus trivialis) and greenbrier (Smilax bona-nox). [6], Rival males will often engage in aggressive encounters that sometimes become violent enough to kill one of the combatants. Swamp rabbits reach sexual maturity after 23 weeks. Swamp rabbits frequent a definite local range which they refuse to leave, even when pursued by dogs. This differs from the bluish gray tail of the marsh rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris). The total length is 17.8 - 21.73 inches (452 - 552 mm). They do so to avoid predators, and they swim to travel. S. aquaticus ranges in length from approx. Swamp rabbits are a large variety of cottontail rabbit and they have specific habitat needs. The cottontail rabbit can run up to fifteen mph. It is a dark brownish gray color peppered with black on the back and sides with a grayish-white belly. The latter usually weighs 2 to 3 pounds, but the swamper tips the scales at 4 to 11. The Swamp Rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus) in Indiana TED L. TERREL Utah Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit, Utah State University, Logan 84321 ABSTRACT: Swamp-rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus) distribution, habitat, population characters and behavioral traits were studied in Indiana in 1968-69. Its thick fur is dense enough to waterproof its skin, and is usually a … Unlike most rabbits, they like to swim. Rabbits and Hares . [5] The species is hunted for fur, meat, and sport, and is the second-most commonly hunted rabbit in the United States. The swamp rabbit is considered secure overall. Hillard, Elizabeth M., et al. [6], S. aquaticus are synchronous breeders. The marsh rabbit is slightly smaller and darker than the eastern cottontail and its tail forms a brown tuft (no cottontail).

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