A hot water extract of the dried rhizome was reputed to have an abortion-promoting effect when taken orally or in the form of a pessary (when inserted into the vagina). Tamil Name: Manjal. Blends Well With: All carrier oils and butters, ginger oil, patchouli oil Turmeric and curcumin have a variety of interesting biological activities, but they’re challenging to study because curcumin is unstable (it easily changes into other substances) and has low bioavailability (not much of it reaches the bloodstream) when it’s taken orally. Flowers are sterile and do not produce viable seed. Turmeric may be unsafe for use during pregnancy in amounts greater than those commonly found in food. Queensland, Back to types! Turmeric is important in Hindu and Buddhist ceremonies. They can also be boiled in water, dried, peeled and then ground. Evenhuis, N.L. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. Some of these are retained for replanting as a future crop. Few people still use traditional dyeing techniques in South Asia, but turmeric dye gives a yellow colouring to silk, cotton and wool. Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Réunion, It contains yellow pigments called curcuminoids. Trinidad-Tobago, Here are the top health benefits of Black Turmeric. The essential oil is also reported to have some insect repellent and insecticidal activity. Little is known about whether it’s safe to use turmeric in amounts greater than those commonly found in food while breastfeeding. The major importers are Iran, Sri Lanka and Middle Eastern and North African countries.Turmeric is cultivated commercially as an annual crop, by planting small rhizomes or pieces of rhizome on flat soil or in furrows between ridges. In dry weather plants will benefit from being lightly misted daily with rainwater.During autumn, watering should be reduced, and plants should be kept fairly dry over winter, when they will need more light. Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Jawa, Featured: Lysimachia arvensis http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co. Musculoskeletal Inflammation and Natural Products, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 9000 Rockville Pike Bethesda, Maryland 20892, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. Many of its traditional uses are supported by scientific evidence. Yellow and yellow-orange are colours that have sacred and auspicious connotations on the Indian subcontinent. if so name/dosage of it." An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500. Each leafy shoot (pseudostem) bearing 8-12 leaves. Today, turmeric is widely cultivated throughout the tropics. It is also added to pickles and can be used instead of saffron to add colour and flavour to rice. (2006). (2013). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Species Profiles East Himalaya, For guidance from NCCIH on using PubMed, see How To Find Information About Complementary Health Approaches on PubMed. La Conaissance des Plantes Exotiques: 1-324. Flowering Plants of Samoa Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 128: 1-221. Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). ; For depression. (ed.) (eds.) Guinea-Bissau, Hindi Name : Haldi (हल्दी) Bengali Name: Hould. Turmeric, (Curcuma longa), perennial herbaceous plant of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), the tuberous rhizomes, or underground stems, of which have been used from antiquity as a condiment, a textile dye, and medically as an aromatic stimulant.Native to southern India and Indonesia, turmeric is widely cultivated on the mainland and in the islands of the Indian Ocean. The Yoruba name for ginger is ata ile while turmeric is called ata ile pupa because of its bright colour. Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Turmeric and conventionally formulated curcumin products are probably safe when taken orally or applied to the skin in the recommended amounts. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Turmeric is also used to make a yellow paint for various folk painting traditions in Madhya Pradesh. This makes an alkali solution, so acidic lime juice was added to neutralise it. BOTANICAL NAMES OF SPICES: Spice Picture: English Common Name: Botanical Name: Family Name: Part used as Spice: Cardamom (Small) Elettaria cardamomum Maton: Zingiberaceae: Fruit,Seed: Cardamom (Large) Amomum subulatum Roxb: Zingiberaceae: Fruit,Seed: Pepper: Piper nigrum L… Piperaceae: Fruit: Bird’s Eye (Chilli) Capsicum Frute sence L. Solanaceae: Fruit: Capsicum (Chilli) Turmeric powder is also sprinkled on sacred images. Puerto Rico, India is the biggest producer, supplying some 20,000 t each year (94% of the world's demand). NCCIH is funding research to determine whether and how curcuminoids may be converted in bone tissue into substances that may have effects on bone diseases. Minimum temperature 18°C. The cooked rhizomes are then dried, either artificially or in the sun, for 6 to 8 days. Cambodia, Together, you can make shared, well-informed decisions. Nelson Sutherland, C.H. Vietnam, Turmeric is generally safe. To prepare the yellow dye, the dried or fresh rhizomes are ground to a paste with water. (1959). Hence, scientific name of Turmeric is used worldwide. Flowering plants of Easter island Palmarum Hortus Francofurtensis 3: 1-108. Taiwan, Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris. Turmeric rhizomes yield a bright yellow dye that is used as a colouring for foods, textiles, paints and even people! Girmansyah, D. & al. In Unani medicine, turmeric has been used for conditions such as liver obstruction and jaundice and has been applied externally for ulcers and inflammation. Zizka, G. (1991). Botanical Name: Curcuma longa. The rhizome (underground stem) is thick and ringed with the bases of old leaves. The genus Curcuma L. (Zingiberaceae): distribution and classification with reference to species diversity in Thailand Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 59: 203-220. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento. Its rhizomes have traditionally been used both in food preparation and as a medicine. Turmeric and curcumin are being investigated for any beneficial effects they might have on conditions such as cancer, dementia and irritable bowel syndrome and for potential cholesterol-lowering effects. It is best described in the tantras or texts important in Tantric Hinduism and Vajrayana Buddhism. Raju, V.S., Reddy, C.S. The rhizomes are cooked, dried and then ground to produce the strongly coloured, aromatic powder.Ground rhizomes are used to make turmeric oil that is used in the industrial production of flavouring for curries. Turmeric goes dark red in the presence of alkaline (basic) substances, such as baking powder. The naming system adopted by OHAI (around 1976) mainly relies on the use of genus names (Curcuma is the genus involved here), and sometimes on other names, such as species names (e.g., zedoaria, from Curcuma zedoaria), or common names (e.g., ginger, another relative of turmeric and curcuma in the same plant family but different genus). The Clearinghouse does not provide medical advice, treatment recommendations, or referrals to practitioners. Pandey, R.P. Turmeric roots may be given as a present on special occasions, such as a visit to a pregnant woman. Dominican Republic, Strips of paper soaked in turmeric can therefore be used as an indicator. A hot water extract of the dried rhizome taken orally was reputed to slow lactation, regulate fat metabolism, help symptoms of diabetes, diarrhoea and liver diseases, and as a tonic calm the stomach. (2012). Much research has been done on substances from turmeric, but their health effects remain uncertain. The use of turmeric is prohibited in a house of mourning. Turmeric is also cultivated extensively in Bangladesh, China, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. A service of the National Library of Medicine, PubMed® contains publication information and (in most cases) brief summaries of articles from scientific and medical journals. Harvesting is carried out by digging up the rhizomes. Smith, A.C. (1979). Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Common Names in India. It was introduced to Jamaica in the 18th century. Turmeric can only be grown indoors in temperate regions and is a little tricky to at first, but once the dormancy of the rhizome has been broken it is easy to grow as a houseplant. kornicková, J.L., Sída, O. Various shades of yellow can be made, depending upon which other ingredients are used and how much turmeric is added. Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82. The resulting dye has always been popular during the Hindu festival Holi, which people celebrate by covering themselves with bright dyes. C. domestica (Turmeric, Haldi [Hindi], Jiang Huang [Chinese]) Curcuma zedoaria (Zedoary) Curcuma amada (Mango-Ginger) Curcuma xanthorrhizia (Curcuma, Japanese Turmeric, Tewon Lawa, Temu Lawak) Cautions Turmeric should not be used if there is a bile duct obstruction. Larsen, K. (1996). Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Turmeric has been used for many conditions in traditional medicine in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Other acids that were used include sour milk, dried mango in water or tamarind water.Turmeric is also mixed with other dyes to make different colours. "only turmeric formula helps my severe pain yet i get nausea. It has always been considered an auspicious material in the subcontinent, both amongst the Aryan cultures (mostly northern) and the Dravidian cultures (mostly southern), and its value may extend far in history to the beliefs of ancient indigenous peoples. Turmeric's common name in the north, haldi , derives from the Sanskrit haridra , and in the south it is called manjal , a word that is frequently used in ancient Tamil literature.Turmeric has a long history of medicinal use in South Asia, cited in Sanskrit medical treatises and widely used in Ayurvedic and Unani systems. Illnesses, such as a toothache, are just one of the back Turmeric’s most common uses. It was recorded in China by 700 AD, East Africa by 800 AD and West Africa by 1200. Malaya, Oriya Name: Haldi. Turmeric. It has a little bitter, peppery like mustard and a slight ginger flavour in it. Curcuma aromatica (common name: wild turmeric) is a member of the genus Curcuma belonging to the family Zingiberaceae. Turmeric rhizomes have also been mixed with other plants to produce traditional remedies for a range of conditions including tonsillitis, headaches, wounds, snake bites, stings, sprains and fractured bones. Turmeric only reproduces via its rhizomes. It should not be used during pregnancy. Turmeric is used for cooking and also as a colouring agent. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Plant sources Asian and Caribbean shops often sell fresh turmeric, although the quality is variable: sometimes if it has been airfreighted in cold temperatures the rhizomes fail to develop shoots, or they may have been treated by dormancy-inducing chemicals.Turmeric plants are available from a number of nurseries. (2003). Curcuma longa can be seen growing in Kew's Palm House. Originally associated with the sun as part of solar symbolism, the colours were absorbed into the mythology of Hinduism.Chakras in Hindu belief are mystical centres of orientation. Draughty locations should be avoided. It can be prepared in various ways and is reputed to alleviate asthma and coughs. Even with the use of alum, turmeric dye tends to fade over time. Overview: An upright, perennial herb to about 1 m tall. is there a supplement i can take it with to avoid the nausea. Natural Medicines website. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Improving natural product research translation. Art and Illustrations in Digifolia Accessed at naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com on December 27, 2019. Editorial: curcumin: recent insights, novel developments, new challenges. COMMON NAME Standardized: turmericOther: common turmeric, Indian saffron, yellow ginger BOTANICAL NAME Curcuma longa L.Plant Family: Zingiberaceae OVERVIEW Turmeric is a tropical perennial plant in the same family as ginger, native to India, and cultivated throughout the tropics around the world. Turmeric should not be confused with Javanese turmeric root (Curcuma zedoaria). Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions It is only known as a domesticated plant and not found in the wild. World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. © Steven Foster. Turmeric is also made into a paste for skin conditions. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102. Flowers: Yellow-white, borne on a spike-like stalk 10-15 cm long. Turmeric is sterile (does not produce seed, but it does grow vigorously from the rhizomes). Turmeric - Curcuma longa in the Zingiberaceae or Ginger family Part used: Rhizome.. Taste/smell: Bitter, pungent and aromatic.. On the identity of tumeric: the typification of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 157: 37-46. Society Is., Curcumin is a phytopolylphenol pigment isolated from the plant Curcuma longa, commonly known as turmeric, with a variety of pharmacologic properties. Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. Turmeric(Curcuma longa)(हल्दी) Turmeric is an essential spice that is commonly used in the kitchen every where in india. Costa Rica, Cultivation of this plant is quite common in the tropics. Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Family Name: Zingiberaceae. Curcuma: English: Turmeric. Turmeric has been known as poor man's saffron because it offers a less expensive alternative yellow colouring, but the flavour it gives to food is different from true saffron, which comes from a species of Crocus (Iridaceae). Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Sri Lanka, This can be seen in traditional dyeing techniques where acid might be added at various stages. It’s used as spice in Indian cooking and also sold as a supplement. As turmeric and other spices are commonly sold by weight, the potential exists for powders of toxic, cheaper agents with a similar color to be added, such as lead(II,IV) oxide ("red lead"). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens Turmeric is associated with fertility and prosperity and considered to bring good luck if applied to a bride's face and body, as part of the ritual purification before a wedding. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102. It is not intended to substitute for the medical expertise and advice of your health care provider(s). Common Name: Turmeric Scientific Name: Curcuma longa Other Names: Kasturi Manjal, Curcuma, Turmeric Root, Yu Jin, Safran Bourbon, Indian Saffron, Pian Jiang Huang. The plant reaches barely three feet in height and produces both a flower and a rhizome, or stem that … Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. Pupa is the Yoruba word for bright. (1994). Botanically close to Curcuma australasica, wild turmeric has been widely used as a cosmetic herbal in South Asia and nearby regions. Towards stability of names in Indian Curcuma L. (Zingiberaceae) Taxon 59: 269-282. Refractive Index: 1.502 to 1.513. For one technique in Calcutta, turmeric and Fuller's earth (a clay that removes impurities) was used. What Is Complementary, Alternative, or Integrative Health? For hay fever. It should … It is often difficult to identify these species by microscopic examination of the powder. Gujrati Name: haldi. Pests Red spider mite can be an occasional problem in older plants: regular misting and keeping leaves well-washed will reduce this. Tibet, New Guinea, In the 13th century Marco Polo wrote of this spice, marvelling at a vegetable that exhibited qualities so similar to saffron.Familiar to the contemporary world as a prime component of curry powder, the orange-yellow rhizome's striking colour lent it a special aura in ancient India. Name in International Language-----Name in Regional Language : Spanish . To make green, cloth can be dyed yellow with turmeric and then blue with indigo ( Indigofera tinctoria ) or vice versa. A prelimanary checklist of the Zingiberaceae of Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 24: 35-49. Windward Is. Bangladesh, Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Only suitable for growing indoors or in a heated greenhouse in temperate regions. Assam, Fortunately, chemical analysis can to some extent establish how pure a product is.Ground turmeric is the most vulnerable product, particularly in local markets. Given below, is a list of the popularly known names of this spice. The COVID-19 outbreak is a rapidly evolving situation. The rhizomes can be cured for use as a spice by boiling and steaming. Turmeric belongs to the ginger family. Samoa, (2006). Nicobar Is., Orange represents the sacral chakra, and yellow represents the solar plexus chakra. Belize, Tendencies: Cooling, stimulating.. Telugu Name: Pasupu. The colour of turmeric can vary depending on whether the liquid it is mixed with is alkali or acid. Flora Vitiensis Nova. Dy Phon, P. (2000). 2015. They are sold in this form or ground into a powder. & Dilwakar, P.G. Now synthetic dyes tend to be used instead, but these can be harmful to the skin. Roasted turmeric has been used as an ingredient of a preparation used to treat dysentery. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Funk JL. Description Turmeric comes from the root of the Curcuma longa plant which is a perennial plant that is part of the ginger family. Myanmar, Line drawing of plant parts: Plant parts of turmeric (C. longa). Curcuma L. (Zingiberaceae) in Andhra Pradesh: a preliminary study Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 30: 773-775. Rhizomes are then washed. Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. Turmeric is not widely used in Western medicine, but has been investigated as a treatment for some conditions. Take charge of your health—talk with your health care providers about any complementary health approaches you use. Curcuma longa is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). Turmeric s botanical name is Curcuma longa. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Sindhi Name: Halda. French : Curcuma, saffron des Indes: Hindi: Haldi: German : … Common Names: turmeric, turmeric root, Indian saffron. The yarn or fabric is dipped into the liquid, or the dye can be painted directly onto fabric.Another ingredient called alum might also be added. This yogic concept is of the inner cosmology of a being discovered through meditative practice. Dried and spirit-preserved specimens of Curcuma longa are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. Turmeric Uses and Benefits as a Medicinal Herb. Turmeric has been used in India for at least 2,500 years. Key producers of turmeric include India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible & Diniz, M.A. Dilaw, Luyang dilaw, curcuma longa:, long turmeric: Philippine Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal herbs by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and medicinal research studies Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Andaman Is., The pharmacology of curcumin: is it the degradation products? The tray should be placed in a clear plastic bag, and the bag sealed and kept warm, preferably with bottom heat, at 20°C, for at least three weeks. Externally, the dried rhizome has been applied to fresh wounds and insect stings and to help the healing process in chickenpox and smallpox. Turmeric is a tropical plant. Some studies suggest that components of the essential oil, such as ar -tumerone, have anti-snake venom activity. Édisud, Aix-en-Provence. Curcumin gives turmeric its yellow color. The remainder are processed into turmeric.To develop the yellow colour and characteristic aroma, cleaned rhizomes are cooked in boiling water for an hour under slightly alkaline conditions. Its primary use is in crafts as a fabric dye. Turmeric was often hung in kitchens as a good luck charm, and a small rhizome was sometimes tied to the pots in the kitchen for luck. The essential medicinal chemistry of curcumin. In India, it was traditionally used for disorders of the skin, upper respiratory tract, joints, and digestive system. Here, it is not uncommon to find turmeric powder adulterated with lead chromate, yellow earth, sand or even cheap talc.In the international market, concern over possible adulteration is associated mainly with the mixing of related Curcuma species containing similar pigments. Botanical Name: Curcuma longa L.; Organic: 100% Organic; Plant Part: Root; Form: Powder; Common Name: Turmeric Legal Disclaimer Statements regarding dietary supplements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or health condition. (2005). Its rhizomes (underground stems) are the source of a bright yellow spice and dye. (2008). The growing plants require heavy application of manure to get the best yield.Turmeric is ready for harvesting 7 to 10 months after planting, when the lower leaves turn yellow. The mention of any product, service, or therapy is not an endorsement by NCCIH. & Ragan, A. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. Turmeric is also known as Curcuma, Curcumin, Halada, Haldi, Haridra, Indian Saffron, Nisha, Pian Jiang Huang, Rajani, Safran Bourbon, Safran de Batallita, Safran des Indes, Turmeric Root, and Yu Jin. In Buddhism yellow is the colour of the Bodhisattva Ratnasambhava. Sirirugsa, P., Larsen, K. & Maknoi, C. (2007). (eds.). Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia. New Caledonia, 2004-09-16. Haiti, Its rhizome (underground stem) is used as a culinary spice and traditional medicine. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville. India is the world's largest producer, consumer and exporter of turmeric. Gilbert Is., Christopherson, E. (1935). It enters the international market in the form of dried whole rhizomes or as ground rhizomes. The common name is widely used everywhere. Contact may cause an allergic skin reaction in some people. Hot water extracts of the dried rhizome have been taken orally in Ayurvedic medicine to reduce inflammation. Leeward Is., Specific Gravity: 0.916 to 0.936. It is thought to have arisen by selection and vegetative propagation of a hybrid between wild turmeric (Curcuma aromatica), native to India, Sri Lanka and the eastern Himalayas, and some other closely related species. Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Thailand, China South-Central, Another feature it shares with ginger is a showy flower (although the showy part is actually a bract, not the true flower), which means an additional use for the plant is as an ornamental. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai. Because the actions of turmeric and its components in people are complex and not well understood, no clear conclusions have been reached about whether these substances have benefits for health conditions. Fiji, Plants grown this way will not yield much useful turmeric, although the leaves can be used for flavouring. & Marhold, K. (2010). Having an earthy odour, turmeric has a pungent flavour. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. ADULTS BY MOUTH:. Philippines, Turmeric, a plant in the ginger family, is native to Southeast Asia and is grown commercially in that region, primarily in India. They should be laid tooth side up in a seed tray containing a mixture of seed compost and grit, just covering the rhizomes. In an alkali solution, it will turn red, but if acid is added to neutralise the alkali then the colour will change to yellow. An unusual use for turmeric is in the chemistry laboratory.
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