Some simple metrics support OMF's inclusion as one of the best value stocks to buy in 2020: It trades for just eight times earnings despite analyst expectations for … However, it's the media networks and studio entertainment parts of the business that generate most of the company's revenue and profits. Berkshire's total return during the same period has been a staggering 2,744,062%. Berkshire's investment strategy in a nutshell is to buy good businesses (or shares of businesses) for less than their intrinsic value. The logic goes that those stocks will … The methods of evaluating and choosing value stocks can be quite complicated if you want to find the best bargains for your own portfolio. Copyright, Trademark and Patent Information. One way to screen for value stocks is to find dividend paying stocks with long established histories of paying and ideally increasing dividend payments annually. Market data powered by FactSet and Web Financial Group. Of course, some stocks can satisfy both objectives, at least to some extent, but most stocks can be classified into one of three categories: growth, income or value. For example, financial companies like Bank of America and Wells Fargo and energy companies like BP and Exxon will often be treated as such. Image source: The Motley Fool. Value investing is an investment paradigm that involves buying securities that appear underpriced by some form of fundamental analysis. The short answer is to determine which of these stocks look cheap relative to their peers and to their own intrinsic value. This is why Disney is a consistently profitable company that has done a great job of steadily growing its revenue over time. About half of Johnson & Johnson's revenue comes from pharmaceutical sales, and about one-third comes from sales of medical devices. Although dividend yields certainly will fluctuate over time, ExxonMobil has historically been a high-yielding stock, especially relative to most other names on the list. Unlike many of the most popular technology stocks, Cisco is profitable and has steady, predictable revenue, and trades for a relatively low valuation relative to most its tech peers. Stock Advisor launched in February of 2002. Unfortunately, finding stocks that trade for less than they are truly worth is easier said than done. While once being the most popular growth stock, Facebook suffered its own set of setbacks in recent years relating to data privacy issues, violation of privacy rights, and other issues. However, these make up less than 20% of the company's sales. Despite being a part of the technology sector, Cisco has clearly evolved into a value stock. Plus, its products (especially the iPhone and iPad, which sold 217 million and 43.5 million units, respectively, in the 2018 fiscal year) have reached much of their addressable markets, so growth potential is somewhat limited. JPMorgan Chase is known as a "universal" bank, meaning that it has commercial banking as well as investment banking operations. His books The Intelligent Investor and Securities Analysis are must-reads for serious value investors, and Graham was actually Warren Buffett's mentor. For example, there's a case to be made either way for tech giants Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL) and Microsoft (NASDAQ:MSFT). Growth or value stocks—a quick cheat sheet. From October 2001 (when the first iPod was released) through October 2018, Apple's revenue grew at a staggering 25% annualized rate. Procter & Gamble's brand names include Tide, Bounty, Pampers, Charmin, Cascade, Mr. Clean, Crest, Oral-B, Old Spice, Gillette, and Pantene, just to name a few. It has also made several value-adding acquisitions in order to maintain its massive market share. The point of value investing is to find companies trading at a discount to their intrinsic value, with the idea that they'll be likely to outperform the overall stock market over time. In Walmart's 2019 fiscal year (ending Jan. 31, 2019), less than 5% of total sales came from e-commerce, but this could rise dramatically going forward. From October... 2. However, that a stock is classified by someone as a value stock doesn't necessarily mean it's a good value right now. The company's products are sold all around the world, with about 60% of sales coming from the Americas and large presences in Europe and Asia as well. Microsoft is another example, and although it is certainly a mature company, it still seems to have more growth characteristics than value. You can find great value stocks in each group. Based on analysts offering 12-month price targets for … Just to give one example, Cisco has more than half of the entire market for Ethernet switches as of 2019. This definitely isn’t a value stock that modern-day Warren Buffett would be interested in. Stocks in the top 70% of the capitalization of the U.S. equity market are defined as large cap. A sign that a company is fundamentally strong is when it pays a dividend consistently and the dividend yield is at least 70% of the yield of a long-term AAA bond . Examples: Value stock companies can come from any industry. Despite that, the stock is trading for less than its liquidation value when viewed from several angles. If the fundamentals are sound, but the stock’s price is below its apparent value, the value investor knows this is a likely investment candidate because the market has incorrectly valued the stock. The market has undervalued the stock for a variety of reasons, and the investor hopes to get in before the market corrects the price. The bank was one of the hardest hit by the financial crisis, but CEO Brian Moynihan and the rest of the bank's management team have done a fantastic job of improving asset quality, boosting profitability, and operating more efficiently by investing in technology and streamlining its operations. The stability of their dividends helps to drive the perceived value of the stock. Here's an overview of what value stocks are, examples of some excellent beginner-friendly value stocks, and some key concepts and metrics that value investors should know. There is one big caveat before we move forward. That's not a typo. Classic Compounding Stocks. The company operates all over the world and spends aggressively on research and development (especially when it comes to pharmaceuticals). To put this into perspective, worldwide total oil production is roughly 81 million barrels per day in 2019. If you could buy $100 bills for $80, wouldn't you do so as often as possible? After all, if it were easy to buy $1.00 for $0.80 over and over, everyone would be rich. Finding companies that trade for less than they are truly worth is a time-tested investment style that can pay off tremendously well. One important thing for investors to understand is the difference between a value stock and a value investor. In simplest terms, a value stock is one that is cheap in relation to such basic measures of corporate performance as earnings, sales, book value and cash flow. There’s no strict definition of what makes a company a value stock, and technically any company could be a value stock at any time. Aside from Amazon.com, Walmart is the largest retailer by market cap. The intrinsic value of a stock is a price for the stock based solely on factors inside the company. For example, if a stock had a fair value of roughly $100 per share, but was trading for $120 per share we would call it “overvalued.” And these brands result in a rather diverse mix of sales. For better or worse, the traditional Big Tech names remain some of the best growth stocks to buy in 2020. ExxonMobil has been around since 1870 and has evolved into the largest publicly traded integrated oil company in the world (by market cap). Also recently, Disney announced a deal with Comcast that gives it full control of the Hulu streaming service -- plus its own Disney streaming service is gearing up for launch. In fact, during the four-year period from the first quarter of 2015 through the first quarter of 2019, Bank of America has improved its efficiency ratio from 70% to 57%, has increased its net income at a 17% annualized pace and has more than doubled its earnings per share. For example, as of July 25, 2019, JPMorgan Chase trades for 2.1 times its book value -- compared with 1.42 and 1.29 times book for rivals Wells Fargo and Bank of America, respectively. In addition to its commercial banking operations, JPMorgan Chase has a massive investment banking division. ExxonMobil has massive refining operations totaling about 4.3 million barrels per day in 2018, exploration and production activities that generate the majority of the company's profits, and operations in chemicals, marketing, power generation, and more. The bank has operations in all sorts of consumer and business lending, including large home loan and credit card businesses, and has done a great job in recent years of introducing new and innovative credit card products. Market cap and dividend yield as of 7/24/19. Market value: $16.4 billion. Over half of Walmart's sales volume comes from groceries, and the company has a massive 33% share on the U.S. supermarket industry as of 2019. One of the largest and oldest (founded in 1837) consumer products companies in the world, Procter & Gamble has a vast portfolio of well-known brand names and sells its products in 180 different countries around the world. Founded in 1993 by brothers Tom and David Gardner, The Motley Fool helps millions of people attain financial freedom through our website, podcasts, books, newspaper column, radio show, and premium investing services. There is some gray area here. More "expensive:" Their stock prices are high relative to their sales or profits. The proof is in the performance: From the time that Buffett took control of Berkshire in 1964 to the end of 2019, the S&P 500 has generated a total return of 19,784%. The largest healthcare company by market capitalization, Johnson & Johnson has a wide variety of mature businesses. Magna International. This type of company is poised to grow much faster than the market or the average business in its industry. what percentage the stock yields relative to its price), low price to book ratio (i.e. Keep in mind that there's not just one method of evaluating value stocks, and that just like any other type of stock market investing, there's considerable risk when buying value stocks (although they tend to be less volatile than their high-growth counterparts). Market data powered by FactSet and Web Financial Group. What is Stock Valuation? Essentially, stock valuation is a method of determining the intrinsic value Intrinsic Value The intrinsic value of a business (or any investment security) is the present value of all expected future cash flows, discounted at the appropriate discount rate. Berkshire Hathaway is a conglomerate that's run by one of the greatest value investors of all time, Warren Buffett. Even if you own mostly value stocks, there is no one-size-fits-all portfolio. Some stocks are clearly value stocks -- mainly long-established companies with steady profitability and revenue growth year after year. ExxonMobil has proven oil and gas reserves of 24.3 billion barrel-equivalent as of the end of 2018. For example, management has been placing greater emphasis on stock buybacks and dividend growth in recent years, as the company simply can't effectively reinvest all of the cash it generates toward growing. Image source: Chase. Every investor who wants to beat the market must master the skill of stock valuation. Growth stocks. Airline stocks are a good example of a group whose stocks would be considered to be cyclical. The best course of action if you want to find the best bargains is to learn the basics of value investing, such as some of the key metrics you can use to determine if a stock is cheap or expensive, methods to estimate the intrinsic value of a company, and more. While it's significantly smaller than JPMorgan Chase in terms of market capitalization, Bank of America is the largest U.S. bank in terms of consumer deposits. This type of financial flexibility has allowed Buffett to make some lucrative investments during market crashes and corrections -- in fact, Berkshire's Bank of America stake originated as a $5 billion financial crisis-era investment, and is now worth roughly four times what Buffett originally paid. See you at the top! Some stocks move in accordance with the economic cycle, and some move in the opposite direction. This is a metric that shows the current stock price relative to the value of the underlying assets each share represents, and all things being equal, it's better to pay less of a premium. The company has large operations in all aspects of the oil business. Knowing which stocks are which can help you decide when to buy and sell some of your holdings. And it's important to keep in mind that just because a stock is classified as a "value stock," that doesn't necessarily mean that it's a good value. Long-term investors can generally be classified into one of three groups. Later on, we'll dive into some of the metrics that can help you find the best ones to invest in. And in terms of total returns, it's handily outperformed the S&P 500 over the past couple decades. They typically are mature businesses, have steady (but not spectacular) growth rates, and have relatively stable revenues and earnings. In other words, it's pricey but you get what you pay for. Since this is a discussion about value stocks, it's worth mentioning that JPMorgan Chase is one of the most "expensive" big banks in the market by some valuation metrics. Some stocks have both attributes, or fit in with average valuations or growth rates, so whether to call them value stocks depends on how many characteristics of such stocks they have. current share price as a percentage of its per share earnings). Note: Berkshire Hathaway does not pay a dividend. Founded in 1993 by brothers Tom and David Gardner, The Motley Fool helps millions of people attain financial freedom through our website, podcasts, books, newspaper column, radio show, and premium investing services. Let's take a look at three excellent value stocks -- Berkshire Hathaway (NYSE:BRK.A)(NYSE:BRK.B), Procter & Gamble (NYSE:PG), and Johnson & Johnson (NYSE:JNJ). Facebook is another growth company that’s been extremely successful over several years. Value stocks as a whole have been shown to outperform growth stocks over time. However, it has recently started to develop more characteristics of a value stock. On the studio side, The Walt Disney brand is obviously a large part of the business, but so are the Pixar, Marvel, Touchstone, and Miramax brands, which the company also owns. A value stock may have a high dividend yield (i.e. Numerically, for example, if the earnings yield for a stock is 8.0%, its price-earnings ratio would be 12.5 (1 ÷ 0.08)—in other words, the price is 12.5 times earnings per share. The bank has the top share when it comes to client assets and deposits, and is the top choice among high-net-worth clients. Apple is a stock that has historically been classified as a growth company, and for good reason. In the 55 years since Buffett took control of the company, it has evolved from a struggling textile manufacturer to a collection of more than 60 subsidiary businesses that include large operations in insurance (GEICO, General Re), consumer goods (Duracell, Fruit of the Loom), and more. Most value stocks pay dividends, although this isn't a set-in-stone rule. Matt specializes in writing about bank stocks, REITs, and personal finance, but he loves any investment at the right price. That said, here are three of the best metrics to keep in your toolkit as you search for hidden bargains: While they might not be quite as thrilling as their growth stock counterparts, it's important to realize that value stocks can have just as much long-term potential as growth stocks, if not more. The point is that this is a list of the 10 largest stocks that I would classify as value stocks. This is a media and entertainment empire that has made some big moves to keep up with changing consumer preferences. JPMorgan Chase has become the largest U.S. bank by market capitalization. And it's important to keep in mind that as stock prices fluctuate over time, the relative "value" offered by each of these can change. But don't be surprised if there is a little bit of variation in other lists you may find -- especially when it comes to the larger tech companies. The various forms of value investing derive from the investment philosophy first taught by Benjamin Graham and David Dodd at Columbia Business School in 1928, and subsequently developed in their 1934 text Security Analysis. Returns as of 12/03/2020. Despite the fact that it is clearly a value stock, Walmart could still have significant growth potential, especially when it comes to e-commerce. For example, 130-year-old spice manufacturer McCormick (NYSE:MKC) is clearly a value stock, while fast-moving Tesla (NASDAQ:TSLA) is an obvious example of a growth stock.