It is an upright, freely branching shrub with a rounded, open form that does not get as full and dense as some Japanese hollies. Its height of 50 to 75 feet and spread of 15 to 25 feet may limit this fir to larger gardens and parks. It does not need pruning to retain its shape and will grow in limestone soils. | Home | Wholesale Evergreen Trees Price List | Tree Buying FAQ | Tree Grade Photos | Tree Photos | Terms | Contact Us | Phone (570) 656-9222: Fax (570) 992-0229: Mailing Address: PO Box 739 Brodheadsville, PA 18322: Farm Location: 272 Merwinsburg Road Effort, PA 18330 The fruit is round, about 3/8 inch in diameter, and violet black. This cultivar only reaches a height of 4 to 6 inches and spreads 6 to 8 feet; summer color is a silver-blue with a light purple tint in the winter. For descriptions of our trees please see our species page and for a … The flowers and fruit are of no ornamental value. This cone opens to about 2 inches in diameter when ripe. Pines and most other needle-bearing evergreens drop old foliage in the fall. Under landscaping conditions, it will grow 90 to 100 feet with a branch spread of 20 to 30 feet at the base. For other ideas, a simple internet search will provide more Its height of 40 to 60 feet and spread of 20 to 25 feet, however, limit its usefulness around the home. There are more than one and one half million acres of Hazelton (named for a PA town) soil in Pennsylvania. The cultivar 'Compacta' is a very compact plant with smaller leaves; 'Pink Bud' has pink buds and flowers; and 'Variegata' has leaves with white margins. Photo: Kathy Salisbury. Japanese yew will tolerate full sun but may require some wind protection. For optimum growth and foliage color, this tree should be planted in full sun. New leaves in the spring are bronze, turn to a deep green in summer, followed by a purple cast in the fall. Full sun will promote better flowering and fruiting, but it does tolerate light shade. Hardiness zone--3. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. White, urn-shaped flowers are produced in the spring. Avoid using it in a windy location. Cultivars of Norway spruce are 'Nidiformis', a shrub-like, dwarf, dense, and broad plant; 'Pendula', with its main branches and stems weeping; and 'Procumbens', a dwarf, broad shrub up to 4 feet high. The shape of this plant tends to be rounded or slightly pyramidal. Winghaven Nursery - Native plants for birds, butterflies and bees 115 Bartges Rd., Coburn, PA 16832 814-303-2218 email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Hardiness zone--5. List of fir trees native to Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania state tree is the Eastern Hemlock, an evergreen tree that grows up to 175 feet tall on a straight trunk. Full shade is found under low-branching trees with heavy foliage or under the overhang of a building. The leaves are blunt and shiny dark green. Generally, when conditions improve, the plant will return to its normal cycle of foliage development. In the fall many of the deciduous plants will lose their green color for additional contrast against the evergreen foliage. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement. Many of the improved cultivars, however, are better suited to today's home landscapes. Its natural growth habit is dense, compact, and round, with a maximum height of 8 to 10 feet and a spread of 6 to 8 feet. As the trees mature, the branching structure becomes quite prominent, with heavy horizontal limbs. In general, most evergreens will require either an acidic soil (pH 5.0-5.5) or slightly acidic (pH 6.0-6.5) for optimum growth and development. Notes: Locations. As the plant matures it becomes more spreading and oval shaped. This is one of the few ornamental plants that should be purchased as container-grown plants. It has a rounded and slightly dense form with rather stiff and upright branches. The flowers are one of this plant's main features. Though there are many plants with berries and interesting bark that can add interest to the winter landscape, Pennsylvania also offers some native evergreens that can help form a backdrop to deciduous berrying shrubs or highlight dramatic bark. It can be planted in full sunlight or light shade, but it may show signs of winter injury when not protected from severe weather. Tree giveaway events typically involve distributing seedlings to individuals (often students) that will plant the trees and care for them at home. Hardiness zone--4. Hardiness zone--5. The cones are cylindrical, 2 to 2½ inches long, and about 1 inch in diameter. This spruce is not planted too extensively, but where space permits it can add interest and color to the landscape. The individual narrow leaves are up to 2 inches long and curve upward above the stem. The single needles grow mostly along the upper side of the stem. On older stems the leaves are more needle-like and pointed. Pennsylvania, with its unique geographical position, has 102 kinds of trees native to the State, although there are numerous introduced species growing and thriving in this latitude and climate. Yellowing and dying of inside foliage seldom indicate real trouble. The branches are wide spreading, slightly horizontal, and covered with numerous smaller side branches. Creating this layering in the landscape not only benefits wildlife but creates a landscape that offers year-round seasonal interest. Leatherleaf mahonia can reach a height of 8 to 10 feet and have a spread of 4 to 6 feet, but it is usually maintained as a smaller plant. Summer foliage is bright green or blue-green. In contrast to some other pines, this one will adapt well to light, sandy soil, full sun, and tolerate salt spray. 'San Jose' is a very dwarf cultivar (10 to 12 inches high) that will spread 5 to 6 feet with irregular branches; its color is a gray-green. This narrowleaf shrub can be adapted to a variety of landscape settings. Plant shrubs closer together and they form a hedge, or plant them farther apart and the shrubs spread out rather than grow tall. If possible, select a cultivar that is known to be dwarf or compact since it will retain this size longer. Depending on the cultivar, leaf color will range from gray-green to blue-green. The cultivar 'Allegheny' has improved flower and fruit production. Growing 1-2' tall this native evergreen compliments shaded naturalized or formal landscapes. Think of the cool, moist ravines you would naturally find this growing when you site this particular plant. Effects of normal leaf or needle drop may be more striking a year or two after evergreens are transplanted. Leaves are medium green on top and a lighter green underneath; in winter, the foliage turns yellow or brown. These plants may suffer from constant competition with other tree roots for available soil moisture. Many gardeners use this shrub for low hedges or in mass plantings as an accent specimen because of its lighter foliage color. Multiple-stem plants tend to be somewhat shorter than the single-stem specimens. Extension and advisory systems for developing countires. It has very small leaves (less than ½ inch long) and is good for low hedges. In mid-March white, urn-shaped flowers about ¼ inch long appear in 3- to 5-inch-long pendulous clusters. Many of the low-growing cultivars are suited to the needs of the home landscape and other plantings where a shrub-like groundcover is needed. Depending on site conditions, it can reach a height of 10 feet with an equal spread. This will be followed by flowers on both evergreen and deciduous plants. The following information on the height, hardiness zone, foliage, flowers and fruit, growth habit, landscape use, culture, and selected cultivars within a given genus and species should help create a picture of the plant. Hardiness zone--4. Light pruning each season will help stimulate new foliage on the outer portion of the plant to cover the dead inner foliage. 'Pfitzeriana Compacta' is a smaller form of 'Pfitzeriana'. In all stages of development this tree is considered quite picturesque. The hardiness zones within Pennsylvania are shown on the accompanying zone map. Hardiness zone--5. Evergreens can have both an aesthetic and a functional use in the landscape. It does quite well in half shade and may die in the winter if located in direct sun. If allowed to grow into tree form, it will reach heights of 50 to 60 feet with a spread of 25 to 30 feet, so don't plant it too close to your home. This narrowleaf tree is similar in many ways to the Hinoki falsecypress. The leaves are straight, ¼ to ½ inch long, and extend from the sides of the stems. The needles are 4 to 6 inches long, quite stiff, and dark green all year. Most of the needles are arranged on the upper portion of the stem. They have the same properties and limitations as the species, except for size and texture. Do not plant in heavy soils, prefers well drained slopes. These needles are 3 to 5 inches long and very flexible. For best results, yews should be planted into a moist, well-drained, slightly acid soil. Hardiness zone--5. Holly will tolerate partial shade or full sun if not exposed to strong winds. Cones hang below the branches and can be viewed during the winter. This low-growing narrowleaf shrub can be used in a variety of landscape settings. The Schuylkill Center for Environmental Education 8480 Hagy's Mill Road, Philadelphia, PA 19128 One of the best trees you can plant for wildlife habitat, this native sports blue berries through the winter. Pennsylvania, or the Keystone State, is home to the Eastern Hemlock, which is also known as the Canadian Hemlock.This large, coniferous tree grows beyond 100 feet, living for well over 500 years. It can be used for a low border shrub or for massing where its display of spring flowers will add interest. Hardiness zone--5. The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the USDA NRCS PLANTS Database at plants.usda.gov.In instances where state specific maps are unavailable, the US distribution map will be used in its place. Hollygrape tends to spread by underground stems. This very attractive spring-flowering shrub is frequently used as a specimen or border plant along with other evergreens. Most of the narrowleaf evergreens, with the possible exception of the Japanese yew, function best in the landscape if they are left unpruned. As with other yews, there have been many cultivars selected over the years; only a few are listed here. Small clusters of purple or crimson flowers develop in mid-June or early July. Although this plant is not available in most garden centers, there are many cultivars that are. It is slighly smaller in height and spread--40 to 50 feet high and up to 25 feet wide. Cultural requirements are the same as for hollygrape. The type of soil does not have much effect on the plant as long as the soil does not become dry in the summer. An introduced or non-native plant is one that has been brought into the state to become established in the wild. This valuable forest and timber tree has some value as an ornamental, but like other large narrowleaf trees it requires considerable space for proper growth and development. There are numerous small branches along the stems that give the tree a feathery appearance. In winter, the foliage turns reddish green. The flowers are not easily seen, but the cones are narrow, cylindrical, and up to 6 inches long and about 1½ inches in diameter. Used as a specimen, windbreaker, screen or buffer. There are four types of shade for plants--full shade, open shade, half shade, and light shade. Leaf color is a dark green above with a lighter green below. It will tolerate full sun or partial shade. It will grow under the same conditions as the Canada hemlock. The wrong plant in the wrong place creates stressed plants that are more susceptible to disease and insect infestation and that is certainly something this plant doesn't need. In addition to the foliage, attractive flowers cover the plant in June. Be sure this tree is situated in moist, acidic soils and that you have a male nearby to ensure a beautiful set of shiny red berries. The flowers, fruit, and cultural requirements are also the same. Hardiness zone--6 (will need some winter wind protection for best results and quality foliage). Our Eastern deciduous forest ecosystem tends to support those plants that lose their leaves in winter, so they don't become overburdened by the weight of the snow or slowly desiccate exposed to dry winter winds. Scotch pine will grow under a wide range of soil conditions and will tolerate dry soils. Under cultivated conditions it can often reach a height of 50 to 60 feet with a spread of 20 to 35 feet. In recent years this narrowleaf tree has become one of the most popular Christmas trees. Hardiness zone--5 (wind protection is needed). Maps of Native Trees and Plants in Pennsylvania. Heavy soils (those high in clay) that do not drain well can be improved with the addition of peat moss, sand, well-rotted manure, or aged sawdust, but never add sand alone to a clay soil. The best way to do that is to hire a tree care professional. This plant is quite similar to the American holly except it is hardy only in the warmer areas of the state. It will tolerate dry soils and fairly strong winds. Many gardeners like this broadleaf evergreen for a low border planting. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. Generally, little pruning is needed to develop it into an effective screen. 'Wardii' is a very dense, slow-growing, and widespreading form that may reach a height of 6 feet. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community, Petite cones of Canada Hemlock. The leaves are tightly arranged along the stem, giving it a flat appearance. It frequently reaches heights of 40 to 50 feet with a spread of 25 to 30 feet. The 45- to 50-foot height and 25- to 35-foot spread limits its usefulness around structures. 'Alba' has pure white flowers, and 'Rubra' has deep pink flowers. Pennsylvania is home to a wide variety of trees, some living no where in the world, not to mention some of the oldest and longest living in the world.
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