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Because the Pharaoh Hound’s coat is very thin, the breed does not tolerate cold well. The nose, whiskers, nails, paw-pads, and eye-rims should also be the same colour as the coat. 2004 “Genetic Structure of the Purebred Domestic Dog”. Pharaoh Hounds have a high prey drive (the instinct to hunt and kill small creatures) and they will chase after anything they see or smell. The exact origin of this breed is unknown. These sculptures and paintings found in Egyptian temples date as far back as 4400 B.C. The Pharaoh Hound is muscular and powerful yet elegant and graceful in appearance. A hunting chronicle of the XIX Egyptian dynasty provides a perfect description of the present day Pharaoh Hound: "The red, long-tailed dog goes at night into the stalls of the hills. Kids and the fun-loving Pharaoh Hound make great playmates, although the boisterous Pharaoh Hound might unwittingly knock over a small child. Become our sponsor. and to the dog god, Anubis. There is also the Kelb tal-But ("pocket dog", a toy breed), Kelb tal-Kaċċa ("hunting dog", a breed used for bird hunting), and lastly a type of Mastiff which is now extinct (Kelb tal-Ġlied, sometimes called the Maltese Bulldog or Maltese Mastiff). It has a long, lean, and muscular neck that is slightly arched. A white tail-tip is admired. Pharaoh Hound History One of the first incarnations of the modern dog, this breed appeared in Egypt as early as 4,400 B.C., making the Pharaoh Hound lineage over 5,000 years old. The Pharaoh Hound originated on the islands of Malta where it is known as the Kel tal-Fenek (Rabbit Hound) and is honoured as the National Dog of Malta. The Maltese used them for catching rabbits, hunting and called by the name of “Kelb tal-Fenek” or “Rabbit Dog.” Mor… All Pharaoh Hound found here are from AKC-Registered parents. T he heritage of the Pharaoh Hound Dog goes way back about 5000 years. The Pharaoh Hound has an unusual characteristic that’s fairly unique among dogs—it can blush when excited and some are known to show all of their teeth in a special Pharaoh Hound smile. Because of this, Pharaoh Hounds can never be off leash or they might run away, possibly into a dangerous situation like oncoming traffic. Find Pharaoh Hound Puppies and Breeders in your area and helpful Pharaoh Hound information. Clean the ears weekly with a pet safe ear cleaner and keep the nails trimmed short. History; The Pharaoh Hound is a very ancient breed, with a striking resemblance to the hounds depicted in the Egyptian temples from before 4,000 B.C. Always keep your Pharaoh Hound on a leash or in a safely enclosed place for exercise. As a matter of fact, this dog breed is … Make it a game and use positive methods with plenty of treats and toys or play as rewards and watch your Pharaoh Hound shine. -- Zoe —Preceding undated comment added 18:24, 11 June 2002 (UTC).. DNA research. [7] The breed was accepted by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale as the "Pharaoh Hound" in the same year, under the patronage of the UK. About the Pharaoh Hound History. The back legs are moderately angled, parallel to each other, and must be balanced with the forelegs. Its shoulders are long and well laid back. Qing was later shown in the United States and went on to become the top winning Pharaoh Hound in the history of the breed. [3] A recent DNA study suggests that the breed is not of ancient origin, but a moderately recent development from various other breeds.[4]. The Pharaoh Hound is a rabbit hunting dog breed from the island of Malta. Pharaoh Hounds also love to snuggle under the covers with you at night. A simple weekly wipe down over the body with a damp cloth is often all that is needed to keep the coat glossy. Login. History: We acquired our first two Pharaoh Hounds in 2007 from Sarah Heimburg and have been hooked on them ever since. Both Pharaoh Hound and Hungarian Vizsla are having almost same weight. Find Pharaoh Hound Puppies and Breeders in your area and helpful Pharaoh Hound information. The Pharaoh Hound is muscular and powerful yet elegant and graceful in appearance. Pharaoh's eyes are always amber, and should complement the coat colour. In Maltese it is called Kelb tal-Fenek, which means "rabbit dog"; it is traditionally used for hunting rabbit in the rocky terrain of the Maltese Islands. Phoenician traders were responsible for disseminating several Middle Eastern breeds around the world; the Maltese and Whippetbeing other dogs owing their worldwide popularity to these merchants, and with them the Pharaoh Hound found a new home on the island of Malta. and revel in the glory of supporting our work. Evidence of the breed’s ancient Egyptian history lives on today in beautiful works of art depicting Pharaoh Hounds. Perhaps the noble bloodhound of the Pharaoh seems familiar to you is known as an Egyptian dog god, and this may be because you have been seeing it in ancient Egyptian artwork since childhood. The history of the Pharaoh Hound like that of all dogs begins with the domestication of the Wolf. We enjoy sharing our dog's history, traits, temperament, and their many great qualities with people interested in learning more about the breed. Both Pharaoh Hound and Hungarian Vizsla has same litter size. We thought it was fitting to create our name after the three boys that started it all. Register for free. They are popular for their excellent hunting abilities and loyalty. Both Pharaoh Hound and Hungarian Vizsla are having almost same height. As the name implies, the origin of the Pharaoh Hound initially began in Ancient Egypt, where a medium-sized, lithe, prick-eared hunting dog was depicted in many murals, sculptures, and paintings. et al. History of the Pharaoh Hound . History: The pharaoh hound looks as though it has just stepped off the walls of an Egyptian tomb or returned from a hunt with an Egyptian pharaoh. and never miss news and archive updates. Although Pharaoh Hounds aren't as common as Labrador Retrievers, they are certainly one of the oldest of all dog breeds.These dogs can be found depicted on ancient Egyptian tombs dating back over 6,000 years. Though a Sighthound, they are unusual in that they are able to use both scent and sight for hunting. The Pharaoh Hound is one of the oldest domesticated dog breeds in the world. These dogs were brought to Malta from Egypt by the traders and bred for past 2,000 years. and to the dog god, Anubis. The breed is estimated to have originated around 4000 to 3000 BC. Become our sponsor. They are popular for their excellent hunting abilities and loyalty. Pharaoh Hounds do not have doggie odor, so bathe only when dirty. Their ancestors were described as the hound dogs in various Egyptian writings. The dog migrated with its human companions from Egypt to the Phoenician colonies, where it was preserved as a … and never miss news and archive updates. Truly wash and wear, the Pharaoh Hound requires little brushing and infrequent bathing. Initial comment. The Kelb tal-Fenek can hear the little bell up to 3 metres down under the rocky terrain. Its front legs are long and straight. Pharaoh Hound. It was first registered with the American Kennel Club in 1983, where it is now a member of the Hound Group. Some may chase cats, especially strange cats, but there are many reports of Pharaoh Hounds living peacefully with family cats as long as they are raised together. Pharaoh Hound History and Background The Pharaoh Hound legitimately claims to be among the most ancient breeds that has hardly altered in the last 5,000 years. The Pharaoh Hound has been well known in Malta and Gozo for centuries as the local farmer’s dog, employed in the more remote rural districts for hunting the elusive orange-coloured island rabbits. Younger dogs will need to stretch their legs more frequently (three or four times a day), but older Pharaoh Hounds might be satisfied with one or two running sessions and/or walks a day. The Pharaoh Hound has a long, noble history, and as the name suggests, it descends from the royal dogs of ancient Egypt. Despite their name, and resemblance to the dogs in ancient Egyptian art, they are not related to the dogs found preserved in Egyptian tombs. The Pharaoh Hound was born to run and needs appropriate outlets for its abundant energy. They usually come in tan or chestnut colors. About the Pharaoh Hound History. Valletta, Malta: Progress Press. Language: English. The coat can also be glossy and short in most cases. Due to the relative isolation of the island of Malta, they have bred true to form there since about 1,000 B.C.. The summer of 2011 saw our entrance into conformation with our first show dog and the rest is history! Writer, editor and pet expert Jackie Brown is a regular contributor to many pet and veterinary industry books, magazines and websites. [9] The only colour accepted by most kennel clubs is red; though the shades of red colour varies, and accepted shades range from a tan to a deep chestnut and all shades in between. The Pharaoh Hound is a Maltese breed of hunting dog.In Maltese it is called Kelb tal-Fenek, which means "rabbit dog"; it is traditionally used for hunting rabbit in the rocky terrain of the Maltese Islands. : We'd be happy to answer questions you may have about the exceptional Pharaoh Hound breed. Some claim that the wolf domesticated itself by following and scavenging from hunter-gatherer tribes, others that man deliberately tamed it. Pharaoh Hound Description: The origin of the Pharaoh Hound lies in Egypt and can be traced back to 3000-4000 years ago. The skull resembles a blunt wedge, and is long and chiseled with only a slight stop and a snout of good length. Why You Should Let Your Dog Sniff on Their Walk, Czechoslovakian Vlcak (Czechoslovakian Wolfdog): Breed Profile, Fila Brasileiro (Brazilian Mastiff): Breed Profile. [9], The coat is fine and short with no feathering. Due to the relative isolation of the island of Malta, they have bred true to form there since about 1,000 B.C.. At this point the dogs giving chase will emit a high pitched bark, attracting the other dogs and the hunters, all of whom will come running. Its build is one of strength without bulkiness or excessive musculature. Although highly intelligent, Pharaoh Hounds aren’t particularly obedient in the sense that they are independent minded and won’t just do something because you ask. Looking for Pharaoh Hound information? Today, the Pharaoh Hound is the national hound of Malta. The use of ferrets is mentioned by Strabo about rabbit-hunting in the Balearic Islands under Roman rule. Home dogs Persons Statistics: - : Follow us on Facebook. It is number 141 out of 154 breeds by dogs registered in 2005 by the AKC.[17]. [6] The modern Cirneco is a Sicilian breed of similar structure and appearance to the Kelb tal-Fenek, but somewhat smaller (43–51 cm (17–20 in)). The Pharaoh Hound's ears are very large and point upward when alert. The first litter to be born outside Malta was in the United Kingdom in 1963. These dogs have an ancient Egyptian history dating back possibly to 3000 B.C. If you like the Pharaoh Hound, you might also like these breeds: Otherwise, check out all of our other dog breed articles to help you find the perfect dog for you and your family. When getting enough activity, Pharaoh Hounds are generally content to spend the rest of their day relaxing at home, perhaps with an impromptu play session indoors. Russian kennel of Pharaoh hound based in Sochi, Russia Breeders Anna & Svetlana Suhomlinova Numerous Egyptian artifacts and writings show a dog that is undeniably a direct ancestor of the Pharaoh Hound. The history of the Pharaoh Hound like that of all dogs begins with the domestication of the Wolf. They tend to bark to alert you to suspicious sounds, but would be more likely to engage a stranger in play than to guard the home front. As the English-language exonym suggests, it is sometimes claimed that the Pharaoh Hound descends from the dogs shown in the tomb paintings of Ancient Egypt. Pharaoh Hound Breed History The Pharaoh Hound is known as a breed with one of the oldest reputations worldwide. Height: 21 to 25 inches tall at the shoulder. The Maltese develo… It should be "Pharaoh hound". An event sponsored by the Mount Hood Pharaoh Hound Club led to a fun herding day where Anubis earned his Herding Instinct Certification. Pharaoh Houndis an ancient breed, and its root can be traced back to 3000 B.C in Egypt. Origin and History. History and Ancestry of the Pharaoh Hound Dog. Some adult Pharaoh Hounds or Pharaoh mixes end up in rescue occasionally. Language: English. When a rabbit is found the hounds will give chase, the small and more agile female in the lead with the male keeping the rabbit from darting too far to the sides. By the time the hunters and other dogs arrive the rabbit will almost always have taken to the ground. The Pharaoh Hound is a rare breed, and there is little documented in the literature on health issues. making them one of the oldest domesticated dog breeds in the world. The ancestors of the Pharaoh Hound were probably various prick-eared Mediterranean hounds, but island isolation has kept the … White markings on the chest, toes, tail-tip, centre of forehead, and the bridge of the muzzle are accepted, but not required. [8] A breed standard was approved by the British Kennel Club in 1974. The texture varies from silky to somewhat hard and it must never be so profuse as to stand away from the dog's skin. Pharaoh Hounds weigh up to 27 kg and have a short brown coat. The Pharaoh Hound is an ancient dog breed that’s changed little since their development more than 5,000 years ago. Cecil S. Camilleri (1995). Allergies, Demodicosis, Epilepsy, and Gastric Dilitation-Volvulus are reported to occur in the breed. As with the other Mediterranean sighthounds, there is some uncertainty about the origin of the Pharaoh Hound. It hasn't been reverted. The Maltese call this animal the Kelb tal-Fenek, which means the rabbit dog.According to theory, the breed came originally from the Middle East and was imported some 3000 years ago. Vision: We are dedicated to Pharaoh … There is great dispute as to how, when, and where the dog was first domesticated from the wolf. These dogs have an ancient Egyptian history dating back possibly to 3000 B.C. The Kelb tal-Fenek is a traditional breed of rural Malta. The Pharaoh Hound is a rare breed. The dogs will then search out their prey using scent. It has a deep chest that extends down to the elbows and a moderate tuck up. In 1647 Giovanni Francesco Abela, in his Della Descrittione di Malta isola nel Mare Siciliano: con le sue antichità, ed altre notizie, wrote "... we have the dogs called Cernechi, much valued for rabbit-hunting, which are often in demand as far away as France, mainly for [use in] steep and stony mountain terrain". Pharaoh Hound. [2], The Kelb tal-Fenek is a traditional breed of rural Malta. Although Pharaoh Hounds aren't as common as Labrador Retrievers, they are certainly one of the oldest of all dog breeds.These dogs can be found depicted on ancient Egyptian tombs dating back over 6,000 years. [11] Life expectancy is about 12 to 14 years. This sighthound (bred to hunt by sight) is used to working in packs, which means its exceedingly dog friendly and amiable with people. [13][14][15][16], The Kelb tal-Fenek is not the only breed of dog specific to the tiny islands of Malta. (Similar dogs were seen in ancient Greek art as well.) These sculptures and paintings found in Egyptian temples date as far back as 4400 B.C. History. The Pharaoh Hound is an ancient breed that has been used to hunt rabbits on the island of Malta for thousands of years. The Domestication and Exploitation of Plants and Animals By Peter Ucko, G. Dimbleby, 2007 - p. 489, A Study of the Maltese Kelb-tal-Fenek, Cecil Camilleri, Progress Press Co Ltd (30 June 1995), Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Kelb tal-Fenek - National Hound of Malta", "Studies of modern Italian dog populations reveal multiple patterns for domestic breed evolution", "Summary results of the Purebred Dog Health Survey for Pharoah Hounds", Rabbit Hunting with the Kelb tal-Fenek in Malta, Il-Kelb tal-Fenek - A Fieldwork Description, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pharaoh_Hound&oldid=983420943, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles that may contain original research from August 2012, All articles that may contain original research, Articles needing additional references from August 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing cleanup from August 2018, Articles with close paraphrasing from August 2018, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles containing Maltese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 03:49. On 22 November 2007 an anonymous edit modified the text in the "History" section, changing its meaning. Even indoors, Pharaoh Hounds feel the chill of winter; the fleece jackets or even flannel pajamas are recommended by the Pharaoh Hound Club of America, which is the national parent club for the breed in the United States. It is the only Maltese dog breed with international recognition. The Pharaoh Hound is a rabbit hunting dog breed from the island of Malta. The Pharaoh Hound is exceptionally healthy for a purebred dog, with no known documented serious health concerns in the breed, according to the Pharaoh Hound Club of America. There's a lot you need to know to make things go smoothly with your new friend. Register for free. Provide daily running opportunities in a safely enclosed area, and include one or two daily walks in your exercise routine as well. Though a Sighthound, they are unusual in that they are able to use both scent and sight for hunting. The breed bears an uncanny resemblance to the jackal god Anubis and its images are prominently features on the tombs of prominent Egyptian pharaohs. [1] It is classified by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in its "Spitz and primitive" group, and shows similarities to other Mediterranean breeds in that group such as the Cirneco dell'Etna, the Podenco Andaluz, the Podenco Canario, the Podenco Ibicenco and the Portuguese Podengo. Discover the Pharaoh Hound Origin and history. His American Kennel Club ranking as of December 2011 included placing as the number 8 dog all breeds, the number 2 hound, and the number 1 Pharaoh Hound. making them one of the oldest domesticated dog breeds in the world. The bouncy Pharaoh Hound is playful and energetic, always interested in what’s going on in the household. When the ferret flushes the rabbit out a hole, one free dog swoops down upon it. The Pharaoh Hound’s short, fine coat sheds very little. and revel in the glory of supporting our work. They are born with blue eyes, which change to a light gold or yellow colour during early puppyhood and then begin to darken well into adulthood. Some claim that the wolf domesticated itself by following and scavenging from hunter-gatherer tribes, others that man deliberately tamed it. All Pharaoh Hound found here are from AKC-Registered parents. The Pharaoh Hound Club of America publishes a list of breed fanciers who participate in rescue operations on its website. Pharaoh Hounds weigh up to 27 kg and have a short brown coat. This ancient breed has a history of at least 3,000 years and may have been domesticated much earlier. This species belongs to the Ibizan hounds of Malta and is considered the island’s national dog breed. It was primarily used for hunting rabbits and other small game. Home dogs Persons Statistics: - : Follow us on Facebook. [7], At first glance, the Pharaoh Hound appears both graceful and elegant as well as powerful and athletic. (The Ibizan Hound also claims to be descended from these ancient Egyptian dogs.) Feed measured meals with a measuring cup or scale rather than free feeding (filling the bowl and leaving food out all day) to avoid overfeeding. The Pharaoh Hound is a Maltese breed of hunting dog. When the dog is in motion or is excited, the tail is carried up; either level with, or loosely curled above, the back. Parker, Heidi. [a], A DNA analysis of the Pharaoh Hound and the Cirneco dell'Etna of Sicily indicate that their separate breed formation occurred within the last 200 years, however the genetic foundations of these breeds date to the more distant past. [10][9], The Kelb tal-Fenek suffers from few genetic diseases. Finally the hunter will take a ferret (with a small bell attached) from a round wicker basket, and places it into the last entrance to the rabbit's burrow. We enjoy sharing our dog's history, traits, temperament, and their many great qualities with people interested in learning more about the breed. Most commonly seen is any solid white spot on their neck, back, or shoulders. About ACE Pharaoh Hounds: The name ACE is an acronym derived from our first three boys (Anubis, Cairo and Emerson). Pharaoh Hound is an ancient breed, and its root can be traced back to 3000 B.C in Egypt. He … Pharaoh Hound may live 4 years more than Hungarian Vizsla. The Pharaoh Hound is one of the oldest domesticated dog breeds in the world (estimated to have originated around 4000 B.C.) Login. The breed strongly resembles images of sighthounds found in Egyptian tombs and in written descriptions from around 3000 BC. 1 talking about this. One of the oldest recorded dog breeds, the Pharaoh Hound originated in Egypt thousands of years ago. Free feeding can lead to weight gain, which puts stress on the joints and can contribute to health issues. As the English-language exonym suggests, it is sometimes claimed that the Pharaoh Hound descends from the dogs shown in the tomb paintings of Ancient Egypt. The Pharaoh Hound has been known in Malta for more than 2,000 years, where it has remained virtually unchanged from its ancestors that are seen decorating Egyptian tombs. History; The Pharaoh Hound is a very ancient breed, with a striking resemblance to the hounds depicted in the Egyptian temples from before 4,000 B.C. This is spelled wrong. Their eyes are commonly amber-coloured. Mainly seen on the back or sides of the dog. It has a long, fine, straight tail that reaches down to a bit below the point of the hocks, and has a whip-like shape. They cannot be left outside in cold weather, and many Pharaoh Hound owners outfit their dogs in warm coats for winter walks. Evidence of the breed’s ancient Egyptian history lives on today in beautiful works of art depicting Pharaoh Hounds. The Pharaoh Hound is a rare breed, and there is little documented in the literature on health issues. Despite their name, and resemblance to the dogs in ancient Egyptian art, they are not related to the dogs found preserved in Egyptian tombs. The tail is carried down when relaxed. The breed bears an uncanny resemblance to the jackal god Anubis and its images are prominently features on … Its head is elegant without being fine or extreme. A recent DNA study suggests that the breed is not of ancient origin, but a moderately recent development from various other breeds. To get the most out of a Pharaoh Hound, training must be creative and fun. Until the late 1960s it had been largely scorned by the island’s show-dog enthusiasts. Its dewclaws may be removed. There is great dispute as to how, when, and where the dog was first domesticated from the wolf. Feed your Pharaoh Hound a high-quality dog food (consult with your breeder or veterinarian for a recommendation on the best food for your Pharaoh Hound). [5] Some have taken this to refer to the Kelb tal-Fenek. The breed has a high prey drive (the instinct to chase and hunt), so Pharaoh Hounds can’t be trusted around bird and small furry creatures. A great outlet for Pharaoh Hounds is the canine sport of lurecoursing (chasing a fake “rabbit” across a field). Their ancestors were described as the hound dogs in various Egyptian writings. Allergies, Demodicosis, Epilepsy, and Gastric Dilitation-Volvulus are reported to occur in the breed. History. The hunters will then gather and leash all but one dog, then place nets over all of the likely escape holes of the rabbit. The breed's exact origin is unknown, but one belief is it began in ancient Egypt. Discover the Pharaoh Hound Origin and history. "A Study of the Maltese Kelb tal-Fenek". The Maltese call this animal the Kelb tal-Fenek, which means the rabbit dog.According to theory, the breed came originally from the Middle East and was imported some 3000 years ago.

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