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The first immigrant ship, the Aurora, arrived on 22 January 1840, an event still commemorated every year on the Monday closest as Wellington's Anniversary Day. Māori welcomed the arrival of the New Zealand Company ship Tory in 1839, and William Wakefield (the company's agent) negotiated with some local chiefs to allow settlement. Pito-one pa chief, Honiana Te Puni Kokupu (Te Puni) and Te Wharepouri welcomed the New Zealand Company on board the Tory in 1839. 2 Parking. Western Suburbs vs Lower Hutt City History. A History of Stokes Valley, Our Heritage Specialist, Clark ..., Koraunui Stokes Valley Community Hub, Lower Hutt, Wellington Region, 21 September 2019, A lease was arranged off the Wellington Racing Club grounds at Seaview, Lower Hutt and nine holes were laid out in the centre of the Racecourse. The city is served by The Dominion Post, The Hutt News and community newspapers. After this period photos it becomes public domain. Lower Hutt (Māori: Te Awakairangi) is a city in the Wellington Region of the North Island of New Zealand. 11 Cleary Street, Waterloo, Lower Hutt, 5011 is a Residential property built in 1965 with 4 bedrooms, 1 bathroom and 1 parking space. There were 51,369 males and 53,163 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.97 males per female. a page where we look back on how Wellington's regions were shaped and all the colourful individuals that went into making it 'home' The western hills have been populated as residential areas, but the eastern side is protected and clad in native bush and scrub, and the ubiquitous gorse in areas that have been cleared as a result of scrub fires or earlier human activity. Port Nicholson Deed No 1 was crucial to this agreement. At the other end of the beach was Pito-one pa and an older pa, Tatau-o-te-po. 4 Cornwall Street, Hutt Central, Lower Hutt, 5010 is a Residential property built in 2012 with 4 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms and 2 parking spaces. The suburb of Avalon was home to New Zealand's television industry from 1975 until the late 1980s. Tel: 64 4 586 0297. A building of national significance is Vogel House, a two-storey wooden residence that was the official residence of the Prime Minister of New Zealand for much of the 20th century. This greeting came about after a meeting in September 1839 between Lieutenant Colonel William Wakefield and significant rangatira (chiefs) of Te Atiawa in Wellington and Hutt Valley. [citation needed]. The plans were drawn up in England, showing a grid-like street structure with a river running through it. Lower Hutt has celebrated a number of firsts in its history, and is notable for a number of reasons: Over 150 years ago, the valley we know as Hutt was covered in dense forest and swamp, rich in native bird life. Recent searches. When E J Wakefield visited settlers at Britannia on the banks of the river during the winter of 1840 he referred to "visiting my friends up the Hutt". Before the Second World War of 1939–1945, urban settlement in the lower Hutt Valley concentrated mainly on Petone, central Lower Hutt and Eastbourne, with a total population of 30,000. The Civil Aviation Authority of New Zealand (CAA) has its headquarters in Aviation House in Petone, Lower Hutt. Search 86 Christmas jobs now available in Lower Hutt, Wellington on, the world's largest job site. It was on this day that Taita Central School became the first school under the control of the New Zealand Education Board to be totally destroyed by fire. [13], 1 – Suburbs west of the Hutt River The city possesses civic administration buildings constructed in the 1950s that are regarded as representative architecture of the era. Māori inhabited the shoreline, with a pā at each end of Petone beach. He explained a new systematic and positive colonisation scheme. Lower Hutt is the major business centre for the highly urbanized Hutt River valley and is within the Wellington urban area. Seven bridges cross the Hutt River within the city of Lower Hutt, with several other bridges built and replaced from the 1850s onwards. The city's six electoral wards (Northern, Western, Central, Eastern, Harbour and Wainuiomata) each elect one councillor, with the remaining six councillors elected at-large. The city takes its name from the English name given to the river, named after one of the founding members, director and chairman of the New Zealand Company, Sir William Hutt. It was constructed in 1953, to replace the previous wooden building destroyed by fire in 1946. This is regardless of the fact that one tenth of the land was never held in perpetuity, and several Treaty of Waitangi Claims have been made. Among the filming locations for The Lord of the Rings directed by Peter Jackson, Dry Creek quarry, which dominates the hills above the suburb of Taitā, became the site for a huge medieval castle built for scenes of Helm's Deep and Minas Tirith. Your most recent searches will be listed here. The scheme emphasised care in the selection of potential immigrants across all of society. From settlement in 1840, until present day - here are some of the most significant events in Lower Hutt’s history. The city also includes a large area of sparsely-populated land to the east of the harbour, extending to Pencarrow Head and into the Remutaka Range. In the late 1940s new suburbs of state housing developed along the eastern side of the Hutt Valley, from Waiwhetu to Taitā (then known as Taita), to alleviate nationwide housing shortages and to cater for the booming population. Between 1946 and 1954 the railway line from Waterloo extended through these new suburbs to Haywards, becoming the main line in 1954 when the existing main line between Haywards and Melling closed. With lower river-levels in mid-summer, algal blooms have contributed to making slow-flowing areas anoxic. 1800-1850 The Hutt was accepting settlers into Port Nicholson and many landed on the flat land at Petone beach. Crown research institute GNS Science and New Zealand's innovation centre and business accelerator Callaghan Innovation are based in Lower Hutt, along with over 800 research organisations in high-end manufacturing, research and technology.[18]. In the 20th century the Hutt River Board built stopbanks to contain the river,[10] but the threat of flooding from heavy rainfall persists. Cultural facilities include the Dowse Art Museum and the Avalon film and television studios. Following local body amalgamation on 1 November 1989, the name finally became Hutt City on 8 October 1991. Other secondary schools include Chilton Saint James School, a private girls school; Raphael House Rudolf Steiner School, a state integrated Waldorf education school; Sacred Heart College, a state integrated Catholic girls school; St Bernard's College, a state integrated Catholic boys school; and St Oran's College, a state integrated Presbyterian girls school. Listed Ray White Hutt City Willcox operated the mill by steam but it is not known if a waterwheel was used earlier. These settlers established New Zealand's first bank and newspaper. The property is estimated to … Before European settlement, thick forest covered most of the Hutt Valley, with areas of marshland close to the river's mouth. This general description of 'the Hutt' proved to be too vague as the number of settlers increased. Those living further north were distinguished by being referred to as living "up the Hutt". It is a prime example of early colonial architecture in New Zealand and operates today as a tourist attraction. History of OLD Lower Hutt 1800-1850 Sandra from Normandale Pre the first New Zealand Company ship Tory 1839 landing near Petone beach, Lower Hutt or THE Hutt as it was called, on the Heretaunga River was the beach and then dense bush. He never visited New Zealand, but he was a founder of the New Zealand Company and other English groups that aimed to colonise New Zealand, The Hutt River was previously called Heretaunga River. The first settlement on the Petone foreshore and banks of the Hutt River was called Britannia. Thus the City was named after the river, not after Sir William Hutt. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake (in the range of magnitude 8.1 to 8.3) raised part of the lower valley, allowing reclamation of land from swamp. Instead variations on the name 'Hutt' proliferated. Two principal rangatira at this time were Honiana Te Puni and Te Wharepouri. The following year James Gear began to buy land along the Petone foreshore for the Gear Meat Preserving and Freezing Company. Lower Hutt occupies the lower regions of the flood plain of the river, one of the most significant features[citation needed] of the city. Email: The Riverbank car park adjacent to the central city is home to a Saturday produce market.[21]. In 1839 the Heretaunga River was renamed Hutt by William Wakefield after the founding member Sir William Hutt (director and chairman of the New Zealand Company). Lower Hutt has four state secondary schools: Taita College, Naenae College, Hutt Valley High School (the largest) and Wainuiomata High School. Much of the land adjacent to the river is protected as reserve by the City Council and managed by the Greater Wellington Regional Council to provide popular recreational areas. Within months of settling, the growing settlement was flooded by the Hutt River. Past Days in Lower Hutt and Petone (1983) states: "In the early 1840's an American shipwright named Willcox built a four-storey flour mill at the junction of Waiwhetu Stream and White's Line. It incorporated Normandale in 1957. The entire Hutt Valley, including both Lower and Upper Hutt cities, is also often simply called "the Hutt". Accordingly, S C Brees described the little hamlet of Aglionby, stating in the mid-1840s that it was located "in the Lower Hutt". Campbell Barry became New Zealand's youngest mayor[8] and was first elected in 2019, succeeding Ray Wallace. As the region grew, urban parts of the Hutt County became autonomous boroughs: Petone in 1888, Lower Hutt in 1891, Eastbourne in 1906, Johnsonville in 1908, Upper Hutt in 1908, Porirua in 1962 and Kapiti in 1974. It also had an enlightened attitude for its time to the indigenous inhabitants of proposed colonisation land. However, 21 February 1979 was to be another very significant day in the school’s history. This sunny attractive newly renovated two double bedroom home is a quick walk to amenities - 6 minute walk to the supermarket, 14 minute walk to the mall, 16 minutes walk to Waterloo station approx. In 1941 Lower Hutt became a city. Petone was the site of the first formal settlement of the New Zealand Company in 1840. The area of Lower Hutt is covered by two general electorates (Hutt South and Rimutaka) and by two Māori electorates (Ikaroa-Rāwhiti in the north and Te Tai Tonga in the south). As business have taken advantage of global manufacturing efficiencies, much of this large scale industry has changed to smaller design-led and medium-sized industries exporting to the world. What did they think after sailing for months to arrive here and find NOTHING, no houses, no shops, nothing. In a prophetic speech, Mr Gladstone foresaw many difficulties connected with the alienation of Maori land. [3] It is separated from the city of Wellington by the harbour, and from Upper Hutt by the Taita Gorge. It was the provision that one tenth of what was known as the Port Nicholson Block, would be set aside in perpetuity for the iwi. The city is variously referred to as the Hutt, Lower Hutt or Hutt City. The median income was $34,700. [5], Within weeks of settlement the Hutt River flooded, and in March 1840 the majority of Britannia settlers decided to move to Thorndon, (as of 2013[update] in the heart of Wellington city), though some settlers remained at the north end of the harbour. Location. The New Zealand Company was founded in London on 3 May 1839 with a capital of 100,000 pounds. Find out about our services, places and facilities at Alert Level 1. This included Joseph Somes - the largest individual ship-owner in England. Those who lived further north were said to be living "up the Hutt", As the numbers of settlers increased, people referred to living on the Upper Hutt or Lower Hutt, The cities of Upper Hutt and Lower Hutt therefore took their names from their location on the Hutt River - which was named after Sir William Hutt of England, 1855 Earthquake raises and drains Hutt lands, 1891 Lower Hutt Borough Council established, 1924 Hutt Road paved in Bitumen. The dual name of Hutt River Te Awa Kairaingi has been used since 2010. Smaller streams and storm-water drains have also caused occasional problems when rainfall exceeds average levels. Subsequent settlers formed two distinct settlements. It travels south-west along the Wellington Fault until it reaches Lower Hutt, where it turns south to Wellington Harbour. Māori inhabited the shoreline, with a pā at each end of Petone beach. The city centres on the lower (southern) valley of the Hutt River, to the northeast of the city of Wellington. Lower Hutt is an outdoor haven filled with unexpected treasures, picturesque walking and cycling trails, expansive coastal views and nature sanctuaries including a … Lower Hutt has a wet oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb), which is similar to nearby Wellington, with relatively warm summers and mild winters with the occasional storm. This name has led to confusion, as Upper Hutt is administered by a separate city council, the Upper Hutt City Council. Britannia, Wellington’s first European township was established on the banks of the Hutt River in February 1840 3. The plans were soon abandoned, but Wakefield negotiated with Te Puni and Te Wharepouri to allow settlers to live on land surrounding the harbour. Subscribers to Vodafone TV can hear The Cheese on channel 417. William Wakefield had instructions to acquire 110,000 acres of flat and fertile land that was in easy reach of a safe harbour, from the Maori. Francis Baring MP, Sir William Hutt MP, Sir William Molesworth MP and the Earl of Durham were among its members. The median age was 37.0 years, with 21,135 people (20.2%) aged under 15 years, 20,682 (19.8%) aged 15 to 29, 48,480 (46.4%) aged 30 to 64, and 14,232 (13.6%) aged 65 or older. The Regional Council has cited the algal blooms as the cause of death of a small number of dogs swimming in the river, as well as of skin reactions in the case of swimmers. A large proportion of Lower Hutt's residents commute to the mainly commercial, service and government offices in Wellington City 12 km to the south-west. Two waterways ran through the forest, entering the sea at the eastern side of Pito-one Beach. Only the river can claim to have been named after the British MP. It was renamed Hutt in 1839 by William Wakefield (an early settler who arrived from England on the ship 'Tory'), The first settlement on Petone foreshore was called Britannia. House Sold in Taita, Lower Hutt City 1171 High St. SOLD . Hutt Golf Club. Sixth (Ewen) bridge, 1934 First grandstand at Hutt Recreation Ground, 1950 Council led by Mayor Percy Dowse begins development, 1953 New St James Church. Many of them came from Scotland, but there are also a number of folk from England, at least one from Ireland, one born in India and even one from Paris. Initially a farming settlement, Alicetown was settled from the early 1900s by workers from Petone’s factories. Page 5 – An escalation of violence There were 37,161 households. In 1874 the postmark read 'The Hutt'. Administered by the Hutt City Council, it is one of the four cities that constitute the Wellington metropolitan area.. Branch Meetings The Branch meets every first Thursday each month (except January) at 7:30pm at the Hutt Valley Tramping Club, Birch Street, Waterloo. The property last sold for $680,000 on 16 May 2011. Situated next to the main railway and road to Wellington city, the suburb also attracted warehousing and light industry. In 1846 conflict arose between European settlers and Māori, which led to armed conflict in the Hutt Valley Campaign. Hutt City is the operating name of the Hutt City Council, Amendment to Building consent application, Petone was the site of the first formal settlement of the New Zealand Company in 1840. Learn how and when to remove this template message, conflict arose between European settlers and Māori, new larger site off the new branch at Woburn, List of schools in the Wellington Region § Lower Hutt City, "Lower Hutt City (Name of City Council) Act 1991", "Notice of Proposals to Assign or Alter Place Names – 2010-ln6564 – New Zealand Gazette", "Pencarrow Lighthouse | Wellington | Places to Visit | Places | Heritage New Zealand", "Lower Hutt elects New Zealand's youngest ever mayor, Campbell Barry", "Climate Statistics for Lower Hutt, NZ (1985–2010)", "Infoshare; Group: Population Estimates – DPE; Table: Estimated Resident Population for Urban Areas, at 30 June (1996+) (Annual-Jun)", "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census", 2018 Census place summary: Lower Hutt City, "Census shows wider Wellington region taking growth leadership role over city", Lower Hutt Sister Cities on Hutt City Council website,, Populated places in the Wellington Region, Articles needing additional references from November 2008, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with no map, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 20:31. The Hutt Golf Club was formed on June 4 1892 by a group of business and professional men. William Spain and the Ngāti Tama chief Te Kāeaea sought to mark a boundary between European and Māori land in Hutt Valley. Read the full article Page 4 – A line in the bush Lower Hutt City. Lower Hutt City had a population of 104,532 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 6,294 people (6.4%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 6,831 people (7.0%) since the 2006 census. Lower Hutt's boundaries include the islands in Wellington Harbour, the largest of which is Matiu / Somes Island. Until post-war housing development took over, the central and northern areas of the city were largely market gardens. Historically, Petone, Seaview and Gracefield have been the main area for industry in the Wellington region, with industries including meat processing and freezing, motor vehicle assembly, and timber processing. Three days later (after a farewell speech by Sir William Hutt) Edward Gibbon Wakefield and his younger brother, Colonel William Wakefield set sail for New Zealand on the Tory. Great Britain was experiencing a depression in the 1830s and colonisation was investigated as a possible solution to surplus population and widespread distress. In particular, those relationships fostered by leading elders such as Ihaia Porutu Puketapu and Makere Rangiatea Ralph Love (Sir Ralph Love). Soon many industries were attracted to the community and surrounding areas. New Melling bridge, 1989 Amalgamation of Lower Hutt, Petone, Wainuiomata and Eastbourne into Lower Hutt City - (Hutt City), 1999 Hutt Recreation Grandstand (rebuilt after 1998 fire), 1999 Cenotaph moved to Queens Drive War Memorial complex, 2002 Laings Road Methodist Church and Hall demolished, 2005 Queensgate shopping centre redeveloped. Lower Hutt has a number of international city to city relationships. The station can be heard in Lower Hutt on 87.9 MHz FM with simulcasting via their official website. Wakefield wanted to move the settlement to Thorndon on the far side of the harbour. People began to refer to those living on the Upper or Lower Hutt. Before European settlement, thick forest covered most of the Hutt Valley, with areas of marshland close to the river's mouth. The channel was also widened to better protect against floods and native plantings and management has seen native waterlife and birds return to their habitat.[17].

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