Breeding convict cichlids is as easy as setting up a simple aquarium and successfully getting a breeding pair. Its coloring intensity may vary. Or sometimes it may be a big leave of a tank plant. While you could get away with having a pair in a 30 Gal tank, it’s worth noting that any additions will require a larger tank. This fish is not a community fish. Their temperament is also why including hiding spots in their tank is so important. The minimum tank size for a common pleco is 100 gallons – yes, that’s the minimum size. A couple of young Cichlasoma nigrofasciata can live in a tank of 100 liters capacity (26 gallons), but reproductive adult fish require about 200 liters (52 gallons) capacity tank. But I am looking for smaller. It’s worth noting that makes tend to be larger than females, but you won’t be able to identify their gender until they’re adults. Convict Cichlid Tropical Fish Learn all about the Convict Cichlid's feeding habits and food types, its behaviour, its origins, its natural habitats, is it male or female, breeding advice and information, suitable tank mates, its sizing and growth range, minimum tank size, water PH and more. This will ensure that they get the necessary variety and nutritional intake to stay healthy. Also Read: Bala Shark Care. With that being said, it’s important to know their ideal parameters backward and forward. It’s a weird, I know… but it’s the easiest way I’ve found. Learn more. These fish are rather small compared to other cichlid species. They have the common name of "convict" because of the white and black contrasting patterns they sport. Convict cichlids have a fairly normal growth rate, so there are no special accommodations you’ll need to make in that department. This comes down to the individual behavior of your fish since some like to root around in the substrate more aggressively than others. In other words, convicts can breed in almost any reasonably environment. Stay consistent and disciplined with what you’re feeding them, and always look to see if there’s any food that’s not being eaten. It will mostly be found in larger streams and rivers, sheltering itself near rocks and sunken branches. There are many different types of aquarium catfish out there. If you are looking at adult Convicts then you will want to increase the tank size to 52 gallons or above. The convict cichlid breeds so easily that the tank capacity and the quality of the water become quite irrelevant, although extremes should be avoided. Convict Cichlid Tank Mates While the acclimatization of convict cichlids is probably the easiest, keeping them with other species of fish is hard. Male courtship process takes rather long time, once it’s finished the female lays the eggs in some place she likes. It’s always smart to give your fish a close inspection from time to time. Convict cichlid is omnivorous, i.e. However, things get a bit trickier when you start thinking about planning how they’ll get along with other fish. Convict Cichlid Breeding Tank. Happy fish = healthy fish! However, this isn’t something to be worried about as long as you put them in the right environment. Because these fish are the opposite of picky eaters, beginners assume you have a lot of flexibility when it comes to their diet. If a person is planning to breed convict cichlids, or hopes (and I stress the word hopes) to keep them in a community tank, then they should be kept in at least a 55 gallon (208 litre) fish tank. Convict Cichlid Size Difference Between Male and Female. Also, don’t put a male and female in a community tank! The average convict cichlid lifespan is roughly 8 to 10 years. As a rule we don’t take the fish parents from the tank. Both their dorsal and anal fins dangle back a bit like a sail. Quite often you may encounter pink convict cichlid – its body is pinkish and yellow, the eyes are dark colored. Lets say you have, or want to buy, a 55-gallon aquarium. We’re a big fan of these fish and recommend them to anyone looking to take the next step into intermediate territory. We would, however, recommend you keep the size of the tank larger than 40 gallons due to their aggressive nature. The smallest size of tank you should use is 30 gallons, but not any less. As far as their general activity level goes, this species loves to move. Tank Size: 20 gal (76L) for a pair of smaller fish, but 50 gal (189L) for adults; Convict cichlids get their name from the bands of black and white down their sides, mimicking stereotypical “jailbirds.” On the smaller side, they average 5-6 inches (13-15cm) at full size. Its relatively small size, along with ease of keeping and breeding, make the convict an ideal cichlid for beginners and advanced aquarists alike interested in observing pair bonds and brood care. Males grow to be roughly 6 inches long, as females grow to be roughly 4.5 inches in length. All you need to achieve successful reproduction of convict cichlids is a breeding pair and a cycled, heated and filtered tank. Community tanks do come with some element of risk with this fish even if you pair them with recommended species. How many convicts would work in a 20 gallon? Author Note: This behavior isn’t constant by any means. If you’re someone who doesn’t want even the slightest possibility of a fight or aggressive behavior in your aquarium, keep them alone. He’s been fond of aquarium husbandry since his early childhood. Giving these fish enough space and pairing them with the right tank mates should keep them happy. After roughly a week the fry will be ready for you to feed them (we recommend brine shrimp). You need to have a sizeable tank for the convict cichlid. This will ramp up the aggression and territorial behavior significantly and surely lead to someone getting hurt. The bars are one of the most important things that sellers look for with these fish, so if you’re making a purchase from a reputable party the fish you buy will likely have plenty of well-defined stripes. Their different types can be found in countries all along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts such as Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. In this guide, you’ll learn everything you need to know about convict cichlid care. A couple of young Cichlasoma nigrofasciata can live in a tank of 100 liters capacity (26 gallons), but reproductive adult fish require about 200 liters (52 gallons) capacity tank. While they do spend a lot of their time in the middle of the tank, convict cichlids will often check out the substrate and even do some digging. These fish have a long dorsal fin that starts about a fourth of the way back from their mouth (this point is where their pectoral fins begin as well). Now, a captiveenvironment will never be the same as the natural habitat of these beings. Convict cichlids do best with a sandy substrate. We’ve addressed each of these diseases in separate guides, but they’re worth mentioning so you know to keep an eye out. Some aquarists say you can get away with tanks as small as 20 gallons, but we disagree. For aquarium hobbyists who are hoping to one day breed their convict cichlids, you should purchase a tank that is at least 50 gallons in volume. :) I kept one in a 29 gallon by himself, and he was awesome! it eats everything you give. Our two favorite live foods to give them are brine shrimp and bloodworms. The fish that gets into local ponds from tanks has created a stable population in Australia and North America. Also remember, if you have a 40-gallon or smaller breeding pair of convicts you will most likely be unable to keep the convicts with any mates of the tank. You may feed it with different food: for example, some artificial feed for cichlids, some plant tablets and flakes with spirulina, blood worm, tubifex, brine shrimp. However, you should keep in mind that this species is very aggressive towards its tank mates, that’s why in case of small capacity tanks the couple has to be kept on its own in a tank. It has a very interesting feature – how the couple takes care of its juveniles, a process which is rather exciting to observe. While the bars that cover the body of convict cichlids are black, the rest of the body is a greyish-blue. Moreover, if you are interested in maintaining two breeding pairs, a … Convict Cichlids need a minimum of 30 gallons of water. This makes for fun viewing since they always seem to be up to something! Body size is from 8 cm (3 in) to 12 centimeters (4.7 in). Convict Cichlid - NEW FISH FACTS & TIPS in 2020 - Everything You Need To Know - water, ph, size, breeding, gender, varieties, tank mates, diet, colors, sexing This has led to some concern of overfishing/capturing, but so far the population hasn’t been impacted outside of normal levels of fluctuation. It’s worth noting that makes tend to be larger than females, but you won’t be able to identify their gender until they’re adults. Older males frequently develop vestigial fatty lumps on their foreheads. It’s a good idea to separate the parents to prevent any aggressive behavior toward the little babies. Convict Cichlid Diet and Feeding. Depending on what stage of like your Convict Cichlid is in will determine the size of tank you will need for them. They’re found in tanks…, The 15 Best Types Of Freshwater Aquarium Catfish, Clown Loach Care: Tank Size, Food, Lifespan, Tank Mates…, Malaysian Trumpet Snail 101: Detailed Info & Care Tips, Bucktooth Tetra 101: Care, Feeding, Aggression, & More, Glowlight Tetra 101: Care, Tank Mates, Breeding & More, Lemon Tetra Care: Diet, Tank Mates, Size, Behavior…. This can be some flower pot, flat stone, coconut shell or a big sea shell. None of the coloring or stripes make their way onto this fin, unlike the dorsal fin. One convict cichlid alone or a male and female combo are two common choices. If these fish are bred and raised by a subpar breeder, this could hinder their ability to live a long and healthy life. Because convict cichlids are aggressive, you may be better off purchasing a tank of around 40 gallons or more in size. Female has to a greater or lesser degree orange coloring in form of small spots on its abdomen and near dorsal fin. By minimum, we mean that you should only put them in such tank if you absolutely have to. Due to their unique look and straightforward care requirements, it’s only natural that they’re a go-to option for many freshwater aquarists. If you take convict cichlid care seriously right from the start, your fish will thank you for it later. Set the fish tank as per the comfort of your pet Cichlid by considering these suggestions: Tank Size. Their interesting pattern and active nature make them a very entertaining species. Smaller=friendlier? When being just juveniles create stable couples. This species becomes very aggressive during the spawning period as well as any other time – it may attack other fishes. This is because these fish will periodically do a bit of digging and rooting around, and a coarse substrate will end up scratching them. The Convict Cichlid is probably ranked number 3 out of all cichlids as far as popularity goes, with Angelfish and Oscars being 1 and 2 respectively.. Sergey is a founder and author of Meethepet.com.
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