, “You may be Disappointed if you fail, but you are Doomed if you Never Try.”, The First Step to Overcome Fear is to”CHALLENGE YOURSELF WITH SOMETHING YOU KNOW YOU COULD NEVER DO, AND WHAT YOU’LL FIND IS THAT YOU CAN OVERCOME ANYTHING.”, Take Up One Idea Make that one idea your life–think of it, dream of it, live on that idea, Bí ajá wọ agbádá iná, tí àmọ̀tẹ́kùn wọ ẹ̀wù ẹ̀jẹ̀, tí ológìnní sán àkísà mọ̀ ìdí, ẹgbẹ́ apẹranjẹ ni wọ́n ńṣe, BLESSED ASSURANCE JESUS IS MINE (ODA MI LOJU, MO NI JESU!). July 16, 2020. Members of the Euphor bioideae have latex and reduced staminal flowers, culminating in the highly specialized and characteristic cyathium in some members of the subfamily. Ricin is one of the most toxic substances known and as such was once considered a chemical weapon (Agent W) but is now subject to the Chemical Weapons Convention. Mrs Silifat Adeyemo, the wife of an official of the Lagos State Traffic Management, Rotimi Adeyemo, who was killed by a policeman at Iyana Ipaja in November 2018, has pleaded with the Lagos State EndSARS panel to help her secure scholarship up to the university for her three children. Hospital Too Far is a great source of protein, vitamins, calcium, and iron, ascorbic acid, and also a rich source of antioxidants. Michael G. Simpson, in Plant Systematics (Second Edition), 2010, Spurge family (after Euphorbus, physician to the king of Mauritania, 1st century). Animals should be treated for any evidence for myoglobinuria and renal failure. Translation If what took... Àjọjẹ ò dùn bí ẹnìkan ò bá ní; ọjọ́ a ní la ńṣe àjọjẹ. It can also been converted by transesterification into biodiesel fuel. The corolla is usually apopetalous with 5 [rarely 0] valvate or imbricate petals. J. curcas, native to Central America, was transported by Portuguese in the eighteenth century via Cabo Verde to Africa and Asia (Valdes-Rodriguez et al., 2013). I. Cyathium, showing bracts and male and female flowers. The inflorescence is generally a cyme, modified as a cyathium in some Euphorbioideae. Consequently, the extract may impair fertility and conception in female rats [30]. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The seed of this tree is commonly known around the world by a wide variety of common or vernacular names, including the following: Akhoda, Avellano, Belgaum walnut, Candleberry, Country walnut, Dau lai, Indian walnut, Jamaican walnut, Kukui, Lumbang oil, Shi Li Zi, Tuitui, Árbol de Indias, Nois des Moluques, Nuez de la India, Nogal de la India, Otaheite walnut, Palo de la India, Palo de nuez, Semilla de Brasil, Singapore nut, and Varnish tree.16,17,45–47, Mikhail Olugbemiro Nafiu, ... Mutiu Idowu Kazeem, in Medicinal Plant Research in Africa, 2013. Succulent Euphorbia species are major components of plant communities in southern Africa, as well as important ornamental cultivars. The major fatty acids in Jatropha oil consist of monounsaturated oleic (44%), polyunsaturated linoleic (33.3%) and saturated palmitic (14.7%) and stearic (6.7%) acids (Devappa et al., 2010). The toxic and proteinaceous properties of ricin were first established in 1887 by Stillmark at the university in Dorpat (now Tartu, Estonia), while the recognition of the specific binding properties of ricin by Ehrlich laid the foundation of immunology. Also, I added more leafy vegetables to our diet like Chaya (Efo Iyana Ipaja), Garden egg leaves, and marugbo. In Yoruba, the Chaya leaf is called ‘Efo Iyana-Ipaja’ and the Igbos call it ‘Ugu Oyibo’. In vitro study indicated that the methanolic extract of M. oppositifolius (MEMO) leaves failed to inhibit lipid peroxidation induced by AAPH, while BHA offered 55.5% inhibition [62]. The Euphorbiaceae were traditionally classified into five subfamilies: Phyllanthoideae, Oldfieldioideae, Acalyphoideae, Crotonoideae, and Euphorbioideae. Iyana Ipaja Area in Lagos during a rainy season. In the western part of Nigeria it is called different names such as Efo Iyana-Ipaja and Efo Jerusalem, while in the Niger Delta of Nigeria; it has been nick-named “Hospital Too Far” because of its numerous health benefits. The plant is also used in African folk medicine in the treatment of warts, cold tumors, and indurations of mammary glands, corns, and moles [70–72]. Bi a ba n gun yan ninu odo ti a n se obe ninu epo epa eni ma yo ayo. Thin-layer chromatographic analyses of the extracts showed the presence of phenolic compounds in the crude extracts, two of which were flavonoids. 6300 species. It has succulent stems which exude a milky sap, It supports SPERMATOGENESIS (formation of sperm cells in the testes), In the preface of the 3rd(1998) edition of Edible leaves of the tropic, Dr Franklin W. Martins ranks chaya as one of the top 5 perennial tropical leaf crop: “of the thousand of leafy vegetables available throughout the  tropics relatively few are great winners, and these should be emphasized first, It can be used to treat asthma, anemia, sore throat, infections, headaches, kidney and liver diseases. Purified castor oil has numerous uses. FIGURE 8.35. The large (32 cm long and 30 cm wide) palmate lobed leaves are alternately arranged. M. oppositifolius is a shrub of the family Euphorbiaceae that grows in many parts of Africa. The beans are used to produce castor oil, which is used in paints, varnishes, lubricants, and as purgative. MrBiggs Outlet:The very first and most ... ... Osundewap cialis, essay writing pollution college application essay about yourself essay 3rd grade, best essay website persuasive essay topis pay to write paper, freedom writer essay buying essays online wake county schools assignment, if you contract hiv from sex. Chaya shoots and leaves have been taken as a laxative, diure... Lagos State, Kosofe, YESTERDAY, 17:30 – Feeds, Supplements & Seeds 2. No thought is given to the medicinal uses of its leaves. Kingston, in Comprehensive Natural Products II, 2010, Plants of the Euphorbiaceae family and particularly members of the Euphorbia genus have long been known to yield latexes with irritant and carcinogenic properties and these properties have been associated with diterpenes of the phorbol class.113 Members of the Euphorbia genus also contain diterpenes with other skeletons, among them the ingenane derivative PEP005 (38).114,115, The sap of the plant Euphorbia peplus is used in Australia for the treatment of skin cancers and there is preliminary evidence to support its efficacy.116 The active agent of this sap was identified as PEP005117 and topical applications of this compound, also known as PEP005, cured a series of subcutaneous mouse and human tumors on mice. The large (32 cm long and 30 cm wide) palmate lobed leaves are alternately arranged. best place to buy cialis online reviews – super cialis 24 cialis, order cialis 20 mg cialis prices cialis prices, cialis 80mg pills cialis 80mg uk cialis without a doctor prescription, dissertation law short research paper best quality essay writing service, essay writing uk rubrics for essay writing gre writing essay questions, buy book review essays written writing the essay, generic cialis pills – viagra overnight best generic cialis, physician job description and salary, Cnidoscolous aconitifolius (Miller) I. M. Johnston (Euphorbiaceae) known as tree spinach (English), efo iyana ipaja, or efo Jerusalem (Yoruba) is commonly found growing in western parts of Nigeria. Only a preliminary phylogenetic study has been published, but this suggests that four of the subfamilies are monophyletic and that the Phyllanthoideae is paraphyletic (Levin and Simpson, 1994; Fig. Also known as Tree Spinach, it is called ‘Efo Iyana-Ipaja’ by the Yorubas and ‘Ugu Oyibo’ by the Igbos. Numbers following the clade indicate number of genera and total number of genera respectively. The perianth is biseriate, uniseriate, or absent, generally 5-merous. The tree (Aleurites moluccanus—Euphorbiaceae) is originally from Indonesia and the Moluccas Islands, hence one of its common names, but is now cultivated in South America, especially in Brazil.17,44 Various ads on the Internet erroneously mention that this tree is native to the Amazon region. 81, 203–238.] Chaya is excellent in knocking off free radicals and stemming the harm on vital organs resulting from oxidative stress, The natual essence in the leaves helps resolves vaginal issues and boosts vitality in men, HEALTH BENEFIT OF CHAYA(IYANA-IPAJA IN YORUBA). Chaya traditionally has been recommended for a number of ailments including diabetes, obesity, kidney stones, hemorrhoids, acne, and eye problems (Diaz-Bolio 1975). Ricin is a lectin glycoprotein, composed by two chains, A and B, linked by a disulfide bond. Raw chaya leaves contain hydrocyanic acid.In other words, they are considered toxic.Cooking the leaves for at least 3-5 minutes, however, removes the toxins and makes chaya safe to eat. YORUBA PROVERBBí ajá wọ agbádá iná, tí àmọ̀tẹ́kùn wọ ẹ̀wù ẹ̀jẹ̀,tí ológìnní sán àkísà mọ̀ ìdí, ẹgbẹ́ apẹranjẹ niwọ́n ńṣe. The leaves are simple, rarely trifoliolate or palmate, spiral, opposite, or whorled, stipules generally present, these sometimes modified as glands or spines (e.g., many succulent Euphorbias). In Vegetable Plants, YorubaWiki, YorubaWiki Blog. Jatropha is planted on an estimated 1.5 mio ha in Indonesia, on 100–200,000 ha in China, 20,000 ha in Brazil, 120,000 ha in Africa (mainly in Madagascar and Zambia) and has a huge potential in India and other tropical countries (Carels, 2013; Brittaine and Lutaladio, 2010). Relationships among members of the Euphorbiaceae, based on morphological characters [Levin, G. A., and Simpson, M. G. (1994). The effects of several recovery diets containing 20% soya protein or 20% C. aconitifolius in place of soya protein or 10% soya proteins with 10% C. aconitifolius or commercial rat feed were assessed in PEM rats. In Yoruba Proverbs, YorubaWiki, YorubaWiki Blog. Ipaja and efo Jerusalem. Figure 8. It is an evergreen, drought deciduous shrubs up to 6 m in height with alternate palmate lobed leaves. Gard. Castor is grown on 1.5–1.6 mio ha annually with India, China, Mozambique and Brazil being the most significant producers during the last decade (FAOSTAT, 2014). San Andrés Larrea, ... C. Rodriguez Fernández, in, Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), Phylogenetic Aspects of the Evolution of C4 Photosynthesis, Natural Products Structural Diversity-II Secondary Metabolites: Sources, Structures and Chemical Biology, Gordon M. Cragg, ... David G.I. In addition, the oil is used for burning and spinning in the manufacture of hard soaps, candles, paints and lubricants (Roy, 1990). L.Euphorbia ingens, simple dichasium of cyathia, the central one in fruit. The fruit is a schizocarp, drupe, berry, or samara. Ricin toxin A chain (RTA) and ricin toxin B chain (RTB) are of similar molecular weights, approximately 32 and 34 kDa, respectively. Thursday, 01-Jan-70 01:00:00 WAT from web. The seeds are used for making jewelry and rosaries. The leaves are commonly eaten as vegetable (5). San Andrés Larrea, ... C. Rodriguez Fernández, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), 2014. Plants are self- or cross-pollinated by wind, with outcrossing as predominant mode of reproduction (Foster et al., 2010, Brigham, 1968). Gastrointestinal distress, abdominal pain, severe vomiting, bloody diarrhea, cessation of rumination, dullness, weakness, thirst, prostration, convulsion, uremia, and death may occur. Mordi and Akanji (2012) reported that vegetables which contain a number of phytochemicals with reduce anti-nutrients exalt health promoting effect. Ricin is considered as a chemical warfare. It is an ornamental, evergreen, droughtdeciduous shrub of 3–5 m tall. Osundewap: 1. TRANSLATIONIf the dog is adorn... Yoruba Proverb Ẹni tó ńbẹ̀rù àti ṣubú, àti dìde á nira fún un. I also started using more of African Basil (not for flavor but consuming as vegetables) and more of Jews mallows (using whole leaves in soups to consume more). E-F.Euphorbia milii, crown-of-thorns. Cnidoscolous aconitifolius (Miller) I. M. Johnston (Euphorbiaceae) known as tree spinach (English), efo iyana ipaja, or efo Jerusalem (Yoruba) is commonly found growing in western parts of Nigeria. (2005) for phylogenetic analyses. Cnidoscolous aconitifolius (Miller) I. M. Johnston (Euphorbiaceae) known as tree spinach (English), efo iyana ipaja, or efo Jerusalem (Yoruba) is commonly found growing in western parts of Nigeria. MALPIGHIALES. Castor bean originated in Eastern Africa based on the high diversity of plants found in Ethiopia (Foster et al., 2010), however this has not been directly tested. (Figure 8.35). (Everitt J.N. Find the best offers for houses iyana ipaja lagos. The 2007 edition of Guinness World Records also ranks Ricinus communis as the most poisonous plant in the world. However, ingestion of seeds of the castor oil plant is rare [74]. In cases where castor beans or crude ricin preparations are the suspected poisons, ricinine can also serve as a biomarker (see, for example, Mouser et al., 2007). Family Euphorbiaceae, Genus Ricinus. Confirm. J. The hoodlums smashed the head of an RRS officer and the rear wind shield of his patrol car at Abule Oki, Iyana Ipaja area of Lagos. The plant is known to display antimicrobial activity and has been used to treat several ailments [66]. The kidneys have three basic mechanisms of The first two subfamilies have two ovules per carpel (biovulate) and have been elevated to family rank, Phyllanthaceae and Picrodendraceae, respectively (in the Malpighiales). Euphorbiaceae or the spurge family is one of the largest and genetically diverse plant family with nearly 322 genera and 8,910 species, ranging from large woody trees to simple weeds (Mwine and Van Damme, 2011) and includes economically important species like Jatropha curcas, Manihot esculenta (cassava), Ricinus communis (castor bean) and Hevea brasiliensis (rubber tree) (Mwine and Van Damme, 2011). The stamens are 1–∞, distinct or connate. Chamaesyce is also similar to Pedilanthus and possibly the genus Cubanthus (Webster, 1994), other segregates of Euphorbia. In Tunisia, the plant is used as a contraceptive [66]. However, its consumption is good for health. Chamaesyce may be derived from within Euphorbia, and may be closely related to Euphorbia subgenus Agaloma. (2005) recognized nine mono-phyletic infrafamilial groups, including the newly recognized subfamilies Peroideae and Cheilosoideae and a monophyletic Euphorbioideae; the traditional Acalyphoideae and Croto-noideae are paraphyletic. RESEARCH BY UNIOSUN DONS - COMMON VEGETABLE MAY OFFER CURE FOR SLEEPLESSNESS, ANXIETY To many people in Lagos and its environs, all that they know about tree spinach, commonly referred to as efo iyana ipaja is that it is like other vegetables. In vivo, MEMO increased (p<0.05) superoxide dismutase and catalase activities by 408.0% and 295.0%, respectively. The goals are to improve perfusion by aggressive fluid resuscitation, vasopressor therapy, and replenishing electrolytes. Because the leaves have been boiled, the liquid is safe to use or drink. The operatives of the Rapid Response Squad, RRS, of the Lagos Police Command and the Iyana Ipaja Area Command on Wednesday morning arrested 20 suspected hoodlums over gang war which erupted at Iyana-Ipaja area of Lagos, Southwest Nigeria on Tuesday. Or, drink it like a tea. It has three structural domains with approximately 50% of the polypeptide arranged into alpha-helices and beta-sheets [76]. such as Efo Iyana-Ipaja and Efo Jerusalem, while in the Niger Delta of Nigeria; it has been nick-named “Hospital Too Far” because of its numerous health benefits. A.Chamaesyce maculata, close-up of leaves and cyathia. RTA is an N-glycoside hydrolase composed of 267 amino acids [75]. In the western part of Nigeria it is called different names such as efo Iyana Ipaja and efo Jerusalem. Genera not assigned to a subfamily are included in the polyphyletic Phyllanthoideae. among the vegetables, I realize that the rate at which people consume Elegede is very high during the rainy season. This inhibition prevents chain elongation and leads to cell death. K 5 [0] C 5 [0] A 1–∞ G (3) [(2–∞)], superior. Fruit is a capsule covered with soft prickles that contains three hard, shiny, brown seeds. The large (32 cm long and 30 cm wide) palmate lobed leaves are alternately arranged. The yearly production of castor oil seed exceeds over 1 million metric tonnes (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, 2009). Wednesday, 28-Jun-17 06:56:14 WAT from Android. Iyana-Ipaja, Lagos - 11/13 Banjo Alaran (Adebayo Johnson) Street, Off Abeokuta Express Way, Pako Bus Stop By Propel Petrol Statio I loved every time I spent at the hotel even though it was a short stay for me. Although Jatropha is toxic, it is one of the most valuable crude drugs of primitive times and is still widely used in medicine (Soomro and Memon, 2007) as a remedy for alopecia, burns, eczema, inflammation, paralysis and yellow fever. Yakubu Musa Toyin, ... Akanji Musbau Adewunmi, in Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants, 2014. István Ujváry, in Hayes' Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology (Third Edition), 2010. It is also used traditionally for the treatment of convulsion, epilepsy, parasitic eye and kidney infections, as a diuretic and painkiller, and in treatment of paralysis, spasm, headache, and swelling. Asides from this two vegetables, there are still some leafy vegetables that are been utilize by the Yoruba people among which are elegede, Cnidoscolous aconitifolius, Commonly called tree spinach, efo iyana ipaja, or efo Jerusalem (Yoruba), efo amunututu etc. Fatemeh Maghuly, ... Margit Laimer, in Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology, 2015. M.Manihot esculenta, cassava. Seeds are rich in triglycerides, mainly ricinoleic acid (12-hydroxy-cis-9-octadecenoic acid) and contain the poison ricin. Chaya a wonderful source of protein, vitamins, calcium, and iron and also a rich source of antioxidants. Miss. The seed cake is nutrient rich and therefore suitable as fertilizer (Ramkat, 2013) and has a crude protein content of 68%, which is far higher than in soybean (45.7%) (Aregheore et al., 2003). This plant is indigenous to the southeastern Mediterranean Basin, Eastern Africa, and India but is widespread throughout tropical regions and is widely used as an ornamental plant [66,67]. This dude is sure playing […] . Inhalation or injection is considered to be the most lethal route of exposure. Errrrrrr, just roughly blend in food processor or blender just and set that aside. Traffic Alert→ From Iyana Ipaja to Under Bridge Dopemu is Slow Traffic already built. Do not throw this away as it is a good source of nutrients. G. Whole plant, showing enlarged stipular spines. Chaya traditionally has been recommended for a number of ailments including diabetes, obesity, kidney stones, hemorrhoids, acne, and eye problems (Diaz-Bolio 1975). 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Chaya is a leaf well known in Nigeria as ‘Hospital Too far’ and ‘Miracle Leaf’ is a leafy vegetable that originally comes from Mexico but can be well found in the southeastern part of Nigeria. B.Euphorbia ingens, a stem-succulent plant. The gynoe-cium is syncarpous, with a superior ovary, 3 [2–∞] carpels and locules. The styles are as many as carpels, each style sometimes 2-branched. Some studies suggest that chaya contains more nutritional substances than spinach. Reply. In a recent study, the antioxidant properties of the methanolic extract of the leaves of M. oppositifolius, in comparison with BHA as a standard antioxidant, using three free radical generators, namely, hydrophilic radical generator 2,2-azobis(2-amidino propane) dihydrochloride (AAPH), hydrophobic radical generator 2,2-azobis(2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile) (AMVN), and hydroxyl radical and nonspecific radical generator Fe2+/ascorbate system in an in vitro, in vivo, and ex vivo model systems, were performed. Physical symptoms include nausea, diarrhea, tachycardia, hypotension, and seizures persisting for up to a week with blood, plasma, or urine concentration of ricin been detectable and measured to confirm diagnosis [79,80]. Ground floor has 16 rooms all on one full plot of land at araromi bus stop area of iyana ipaja it is about 3 houses to the express. The calyx is usually aposepalous with 5 [rarely 0] sepals. chaya should never be cooked or stored in aluminium foil as it can produce a toxic reaction. Castor is indigenous to the Southeastern Mediterranean Basin, Eastern Africa and India, but is widespread throughout tropical and sub-tropical regions (Roger and Martyn, 1999). G,H.Euphorbia grandicornis. Ann. Bot. To prevent further systemic absorption, gastric decontamination (emesis, lavage, and activated charcoal) should be considered depending on the time of ingestion. Nigeria it is called different names s uch as efo Iyana . Its mechanism of action was identified as a protein kinase C (PKC) activator and it also had potent antileukemic effects in addition to its topical effects.118 Another study of the differential effects of PEP005 on PKCα and PKCδ suggested that the drug induced apoptosis through this pathway, suggesting that targeting PKC isoforms is a valid approach to cancer therapy.119 These promising results have led to the initiation of clinical trials and topical PEP005 is in Phase II development for the treatment of actinic keratoses and basal cell carcinoma.120, Victor Kuete, in Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants, 2014. Ẹni tó ńbẹ̀rù àti ṣubú, àti dìde á nira fún un, AMAZING HEALTH BENEFITS OF GARDEN EGG(IGBA), fluconazole 100mg for salefluconazole tablet, Àìrìn jìnnà làìrí abuké ọ̀kẹ́rẹ́; báa bá dé igbó tó tó igbó, àá rí ẹranko tó ńtiro, Ohun tó ṣe àkàlàmàgbò tó fi dẹ́kun ẹ̀rin rínrín, tó bá ṣe igúnnugún, á wokoko mọ́ orí ẹyin ni, Àjọjẹ ò dùn bí ẹnìkan ò bá ní; ọjọ́ a ní la ńṣe àjọjẹ. The flowers are unisexual, actinomorphic, rarely zygomorphic, bracteate in some, hypogynous. M. oppositifolius extracts were found to contain alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, and phenolic compounds, with higher concentrations residing in the leaves than in the roots [62,63]. Phylogenetic implications of pollen ultrastructure in the Oldfieldioideae (Euphorbiaceae). Ricinus communis L. (Euphorbiaceae), commonly known as castor oil plant, is a soft wooden small tree developed throughout tropics and warm temperature regions [66]. But free after Dopemu under bridge. I–K.Euphorbia sp. It is the fourth most important source of carbohydrates for human consumption in the tropics, after rice, sugarcane and maize (Bellotti et al., 1999), and is also a cash crop, feed crop and a raw material for industrial uses like starch, alcohol and biofuel production (Jansson et al., 2009). Chaya leaf with a botanical name Cnidoscolus aconitifolius, also known as  Tree Spinach, some called it Miracle Plant, “hospital too far in Pidgin”, Iyana-Ipaja in  Yoruba, Ugu-Oyibo in  Igbo,also called ‘ogwu obala’, belongs to the family of Euphorbiaceae, is a large, fast-growing leafy perennial shrub that is believed to have originated in the Yucatan Peninsla of Mexico  It has succulent stems which exude a milky sap when cut. RESIDENTS of Iyana-Ipaja living along the Lagos-Abeokuta Expressway will not forget in a hurry the inferno that woke them up from sleep in the early hours of Tuesday. Notices. Gordon M. Cragg, ... David G.I. RTB is a lectin composed of 262 amino acids that is able to bind terminal galactose residues on cell surfaces [77]. Traditionally, Chaya has been recommended for a number of ailments including diabetes, obesity, kidney stones, hemorrhoids, acne, and eye problems. A decoction of the root is used for anemia, pneumonia, and as an aphrodisiac, and the stick is chewed for oral hygiene and teeth cleaning [61]. Also known as Tree Spinach, it is called ‘Efo Iyana-Ipaja’ by the Yorubas and ‘Ugu Oyibo’ by the Igbos. Toxicity can occur if the seeds and to a lesser extent foliage are ingested, but the hard outer coating should be damaged for allowing the release of ricin. Copyright © All rights reserved. Elizabeth A. Kellogg, in C4 Plant Biology, 1999. 127 Houses in Ipaja (Lagos) from ₦ 96,000. Jatropha curcas or physic nut, a drought resistant shrub with a height of 3–5 m and an average life of 50 years is grown for harvesting the 30%–40% semi-dry toxic oil contained in its seeds, which can be used for the production of biofuel (Vollmann and Laimer, 2013; Maghuly and Laimer, 2013; Makkar et al., 2009). F. Close-up of cyathia, having red bracts. However, ricin has been used as a poison for criminal and terrorist purposes. Ricin is a globular, glycosylated heterodimer of approximately 60–65 kDa [74]. Share Tunde Bamigboye confirmed this. Organ damage includes fluid-filled lungs and edematous and swollen liver and kidneys. Hepatic and renal failures may occur. The B-chain allows the entry of ricin into the cytosol, facilitating the penetration across the gastrointestinal wall. The Yoruba adage, which says, ‘Kokoro to nje efo, inu efo lo wa’, literarily meaning ‘the pest that is desecrating the flower, lives inside the flower’, is really phenomenal. Euphorbiaceae. E. Aerial shoot of plant. ( Log Out / CDLI was formerly Ipaja Community Link which was established by Development Impact For Nigeria (DIFN) a UK based Diaspora led development agency working in Nigeria mainly with a view to encourage the UK Diaspora to partner in development projects in Nigeria primarily through volunteering. The A-chain inhibits protein synthesis by irreversible inactivation of the 28S ribosomal RNA-loop, contained within the 60S-subunit. Mrs Silifat Adeyemo, widow of Mr Rotimi Adeyemo, an officer of Lagos State Traffic Management Authority (LASTMA) allegedly killed by the disbanded Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), on Saturday pleaded for scholarship for her children. HEALTH BENEFIT OF CHAYA(EFO IYANA-IPAJA) 5 months ago yorubawiki . See Wurdack and Chase, 2002) and Wurdack et al. Manihot esculenta or cassava is the only member of family cultivated for food (Patil and Fauquet, 2009). Synopsis of the genera and suprageneric taxa of Euphorbiaceae. commonly known as ‘Efo Jerusalem’ or ‘Efo Iyana Ipaja’; in Niger Delta areas of Nigeria it is known as ‘Hospital Too Far’; in English, it is called ‘tree spinach’ and Colloquially referred to as ‘Chaya’ [22, 50, 49, 3, 67]. Therefore, this study demonstrates that MEMO exhibits antioxidant and radical scavenging activity, as well as enhancement of enzymatic antioxidant capacity, and as such could intervene in toxicological processes mediated by free radical mechanisms [62]. Current consensus based on botanical, genetic and archaeological evidence supports that the southern border of the Amazon region was the first centre of cassava domestication (Olsen and Schaal, 2001). The two genera with C4 taxa, Chamaesyce and Euphorbia, are both in the tribe Euphorbieae of subfamily Euphorbioideae. Confirm. Bot. Within the Euphorbiaceae as delimited here, Wurdack et al. Ann. Iyana Ipaja (iyanaipaja) bus-stop. Chaya leaf with a botanical name Cnidoscolus aconitifolius, also known as Tree Spinach, some called it Miracle Plant, “hospital too far in Pidgin”, Iyana-Ipaja in Yoruba, Ugu-Oyibo in Igbo,also called ‘ogwu obala’, belongs to the family of Euphorbiaceae, is a large, fast-growing leafy perennial shrub that is believed to have originated in the Yucatan Peninsla of Mexico It has succulent stems which exude a … Chaya shoots and leaves have been taken as a laxative, diuretic, circulation stimulant, to improve digestion, to stimulate lactation, and to harden the fingernails. Armando E. González-Stuart, José O. Rivera, in Dietary Interventions in Liver Disease, 2019. The root methanolic and ethanolic extracts showed antioxidant activity. However, various antinutritional factors (trypsin inhibitors, phytate, saponins, lectins and phorbol esters) are present in the kernel meal of Jatropha, which make the seed cake and oil unsuitable for animal feed (Martinez-Herrera et al., 2010). Ex vivo studies showed that MEMO at 100 mg/kg body weight reduced malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl levels by 34.5% and 12.0%, respectively, compared with the control. This is exactly what summarizes the nefarious activities of a guy that works with Otunba Mike Adenuga Jnr’s telecoms company, Globacom. Phytochemical screening of the extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, saponins, phenolics, tannins, flavonoids, anthraquinones, phlobatannins, and triterpenes. spinach (English), efo iyana ipaja, or efo Jerusalem (Yoruba) is commonly found growing in western part of Nigeria. 218–245 genera/ca. There is no phylogeny within the tribe Euphorbieae. Aim and Objectives: This work was designed to … Jatropha is interesting, due to its ability to grow under rainfall regimes and tropical humid conditions (Makkar et al., 2009) and its capacity of reclaiming marginal soils and degraded land by exploring the soil through an adequate root system and providing shadow to the soil as well as reducing risks of erosion and desertification (Openshaw, 2000). Title documents: c of o price: n30m asking. When you boil Chaya leaves, much of the vitamin C ends up in the cooking water. Allergic reactions may occur for the seeds or occupational exposure to the castor oil. It’s a good source of protein, vitamins A and C, calcium, iron, phosphorus, and various minerals and enzymes that are beneficial for the body. Significant fluid losses may ensue, accompanied by tachycardia and hypotension. Members of the Euphorbiaceae have worldwide distributions. Although the plant is mainly cultivated as food it has continued to be an important medicinal plant. YorubaWiki, https://yorubawiki.com/health-benefit-of-chayaiyana-ipaja-in-yoruba">, “You may be Disappointed if you fail, but you are Doomed if you Never Try.”, The First Step to Overcome Fear is to”CHALLENGE YOURSELF WITH SOMETHING YOU KNOW YOU COULD NEVER DO, AND WHAT YOU’LL FIND IS THAT YOU CAN OVERCOME ANYTHING.”, Take Up One Idea Make that one idea your life–think of it, dream of it, live on that idea, Bí ajá wọ agbádá iná, tí àmọ̀tẹ́kùn wọ ẹ̀wù ẹ̀jẹ̀, tí ológìnní sán àkísà mọ̀ ìdí, ẹgbẹ́ apẹranjẹ ni wọ́n ńṣe, BLESSED ASSURANCE JESUS IS MINE (ODA MI LOJU, MO NI JESU!). July 16, 2020. Members of the Euphor bioideae have latex and reduced staminal flowers, culminating in the highly specialized and characteristic cyathium in some members of the subfamily. Ricin is one of the most toxic substances known and as such was once considered a chemical weapon (Agent W) but is now subject to the Chemical Weapons Convention. Mrs Silifat Adeyemo, the wife of an official of the Lagos State Traffic Management, Rotimi Adeyemo, who was killed by a policeman at Iyana Ipaja in November 2018, has pleaded with the Lagos State EndSARS panel to help her secure scholarship up to the university for her three children. Hospital Too Far is a great source of protein, vitamins, calcium, and iron, ascorbic acid, and also a rich source of antioxidants. Michael G. Simpson, in Plant Systematics (Second Edition), 2010, Spurge family (after Euphorbus, physician to the king of Mauritania, 1st century). Animals should be treated for any evidence for myoglobinuria and renal failure. Translation If what took... Àjọjẹ ò dùn bí ẹnìkan ò bá ní; ọjọ́ a ní la ńṣe àjọjẹ. It can also been converted by transesterification into biodiesel fuel. The corolla is usually apopetalous with 5 [rarely 0] valvate or imbricate petals. J. curcas, native to Central America, was transported by Portuguese in the eighteenth century via Cabo Verde to Africa and Asia (Valdes-Rodriguez et al., 2013). I. Cyathium, showing bracts and male and female flowers. The inflorescence is generally a cyme, modified as a cyathium in some Euphorbioideae. Consequently, the extract may impair fertility and conception in female rats [30]. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The seed of this tree is commonly known around the world by a wide variety of common or vernacular names, including the following: Akhoda, Avellano, Belgaum walnut, Candleberry, Country walnut, Dau lai, Indian walnut, Jamaican walnut, Kukui, Lumbang oil, Shi Li Zi, Tuitui, Árbol de Indias, Nois des Moluques, Nuez de la India, Nogal de la India, Otaheite walnut, Palo de la India, Palo de nuez, Semilla de Brasil, Singapore nut, and Varnish tree.16,17,45–47, Mikhail Olugbemiro Nafiu, ... Mutiu Idowu Kazeem, in Medicinal Plant Research in Africa, 2013. Succulent Euphorbia species are major components of plant communities in southern Africa, as well as important ornamental cultivars. The major fatty acids in Jatropha oil consist of monounsaturated oleic (44%), polyunsaturated linoleic (33.3%) and saturated palmitic (14.7%) and stearic (6.7%) acids (Devappa et al., 2010). The toxic and proteinaceous properties of ricin were first established in 1887 by Stillmark at the university in Dorpat (now Tartu, Estonia), while the recognition of the specific binding properties of ricin by Ehrlich laid the foundation of immunology. Also, I added more leafy vegetables to our diet like Chaya (Efo Iyana Ipaja), Garden egg leaves, and marugbo. In Yoruba, the Chaya leaf is called ‘Efo Iyana-Ipaja’ and the Igbos call it ‘Ugu Oyibo’. In vitro study indicated that the methanolic extract of M. oppositifolius (MEMO) leaves failed to inhibit lipid peroxidation induced by AAPH, while BHA offered 55.5% inhibition [62]. The Euphorbiaceae were traditionally classified into five subfamilies: Phyllanthoideae, Oldfieldioideae, Acalyphoideae, Crotonoideae, and Euphorbioideae. Iyana Ipaja Area in Lagos during a rainy season. In the western part of Nigeria it is called different names such as Efo Iyana-Ipaja and Efo Jerusalem, while in the Niger Delta of Nigeria; it has been nick-named “Hospital Too Far” because of its numerous health benefits. The plant is also used in African folk medicine in the treatment of warts, cold tumors, and indurations of mammary glands, corns, and moles [70–72]. Bi a ba n gun yan ninu odo ti a n se obe ninu epo epa eni ma yo ayo. Thin-layer chromatographic analyses of the extracts showed the presence of phenolic compounds in the crude extracts, two of which were flavonoids. 6300 species. It has succulent stems which exude a milky sap, It supports SPERMATOGENESIS (formation of sperm cells in the testes), In the preface of the 3rd(1998) edition of Edible leaves of the tropic, Dr Franklin W. Martins ranks chaya as one of the top 5 perennial tropical leaf crop: “of the thousand of leafy vegetables available throughout the  tropics relatively few are great winners, and these should be emphasized first, It can be used to treat asthma, anemia, sore throat, infections, headaches, kidney and liver diseases. Purified castor oil has numerous uses. FIGURE 8.35. The large (32 cm long and 30 cm wide) palmate lobed leaves are alternately arranged. M. oppositifolius is a shrub of the family Euphorbiaceae that grows in many parts of Africa. The beans are used to produce castor oil, which is used in paints, varnishes, lubricants, and as purgative. MrBiggs Outlet:The very first and most ... ... Osundewap cialis, essay writing pollution college application essay about yourself essay 3rd grade, best essay website persuasive essay topis pay to write paper, freedom writer essay buying essays online wake county schools assignment, if you contract hiv from sex. Chaya shoots and leaves have been taken as a laxative, diure... Lagos State, Kosofe, YESTERDAY, 17:30 – Feeds, Supplements & Seeds 2. No thought is given to the medicinal uses of its leaves. Kingston, in Comprehensive Natural Products II, 2010, Plants of the Euphorbiaceae family and particularly members of the Euphorbia genus have long been known to yield latexes with irritant and carcinogenic properties and these properties have been associated with diterpenes of the phorbol class.113 Members of the Euphorbia genus also contain diterpenes with other skeletons, among them the ingenane derivative PEP005 (38).114,115, The sap of the plant Euphorbia peplus is used in Australia for the treatment of skin cancers and there is preliminary evidence to support its efficacy.116 The active agent of this sap was identified as PEP005117 and topical applications of this compound, also known as PEP005, cured a series of subcutaneous mouse and human tumors on mice. The large (32 cm long and 30 cm wide) palmate lobed leaves are alternately arranged. best place to buy cialis online reviews – super cialis 24 cialis, order cialis 20 mg cialis prices cialis prices, cialis 80mg pills cialis 80mg uk cialis without a doctor prescription, dissertation law short research paper best quality essay writing service, essay writing uk rubrics for essay writing gre writing essay questions, buy book review essays written writing the essay, generic cialis pills – viagra overnight best generic cialis, physician job description and salary, Cnidoscolous aconitifolius (Miller) I. M. Johnston (Euphorbiaceae) known as tree spinach (English), efo iyana ipaja, or efo Jerusalem (Yoruba) is commonly found growing in western parts of Nigeria. Only a preliminary phylogenetic study has been published, but this suggests that four of the subfamilies are monophyletic and that the Phyllanthoideae is paraphyletic (Levin and Simpson, 1994; Fig. Also known as Tree Spinach, it is called ‘Efo Iyana-Ipaja’ by the Yorubas and ‘Ugu Oyibo’ by the Igbos. Numbers following the clade indicate number of genera and total number of genera respectively. The perianth is biseriate, uniseriate, or absent, generally 5-merous. The tree (Aleurites moluccanus—Euphorbiaceae) is originally from Indonesia and the Moluccas Islands, hence one of its common names, but is now cultivated in South America, especially in Brazil.17,44 Various ads on the Internet erroneously mention that this tree is native to the Amazon region. 81, 203–238.] Chaya is excellent in knocking off free radicals and stemming the harm on vital organs resulting from oxidative stress, The natual essence in the leaves helps resolves vaginal issues and boosts vitality in men, HEALTH BENEFIT OF CHAYA(IYANA-IPAJA IN YORUBA). Chaya traditionally has been recommended for a number of ailments including diabetes, obesity, kidney stones, hemorrhoids, acne, and eye problems (Diaz-Bolio 1975). Ricin is a lectin glycoprotein, composed by two chains, A and B, linked by a disulfide bond. Raw chaya leaves contain hydrocyanic acid.In other words, they are considered toxic.Cooking the leaves for at least 3-5 minutes, however, removes the toxins and makes chaya safe to eat. YORUBA PROVERBBí ajá wọ agbádá iná, tí àmọ̀tẹ́kùn wọ ẹ̀wù ẹ̀jẹ̀,tí ológìnní sán àkísà mọ̀ ìdí, ẹgbẹ́ apẹranjẹ niwọ́n ńṣe. The leaves are simple, rarely trifoliolate or palmate, spiral, opposite, or whorled, stipules generally present, these sometimes modified as glands or spines (e.g., many succulent Euphorbias). In Vegetable Plants, YorubaWiki, YorubaWiki Blog. Jatropha is planted on an estimated 1.5 mio ha in Indonesia, on 100–200,000 ha in China, 20,000 ha in Brazil, 120,000 ha in Africa (mainly in Madagascar and Zambia) and has a huge potential in India and other tropical countries (Carels, 2013; Brittaine and Lutaladio, 2010). Relationships among members of the Euphorbiaceae, based on morphological characters [Levin, G. A., and Simpson, M. G. (1994). The effects of several recovery diets containing 20% soya protein or 20% C. aconitifolius in place of soya protein or 10% soya proteins with 10% C. aconitifolius or commercial rat feed were assessed in PEM rats. In Yoruba Proverbs, YorubaWiki, YorubaWiki Blog. Ipaja and efo Jerusalem. Figure 8. It is an evergreen, drought deciduous shrubs up to 6 m in height with alternate palmate lobed leaves. Gard. Castor is grown on 1.5–1.6 mio ha annually with India, China, Mozambique and Brazil being the most significant producers during the last decade (FAOSTAT, 2014). San Andrés Larrea, ... C. Rodriguez Fernández, in, Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), Phylogenetic Aspects of the Evolution of C4 Photosynthesis, Natural Products Structural Diversity-II Secondary Metabolites: Sources, Structures and Chemical Biology, Gordon M. Cragg, ... David G.I. In addition, the oil is used for burning and spinning in the manufacture of hard soaps, candles, paints and lubricants (Roy, 1990). L.Euphorbia ingens, simple dichasium of cyathia, the central one in fruit. The fruit is a schizocarp, drupe, berry, or samara. Ricin toxin A chain (RTA) and ricin toxin B chain (RTB) are of similar molecular weights, approximately 32 and 34 kDa, respectively. Thursday, 01-Jan-70 01:00:00 WAT from web. The seeds are used for making jewelry and rosaries. The leaves are commonly eaten as vegetable (5). San Andrés Larrea, ... C. Rodriguez Fernández, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), 2014. Plants are self- or cross-pollinated by wind, with outcrossing as predominant mode of reproduction (Foster et al., 2010, Brigham, 1968). Gastrointestinal distress, abdominal pain, severe vomiting, bloody diarrhea, cessation of rumination, dullness, weakness, thirst, prostration, convulsion, uremia, and death may occur. Mordi and Akanji (2012) reported that vegetables which contain a number of phytochemicals with reduce anti-nutrients exalt health promoting effect. Ricin is considered as a chemical warfare. It is an ornamental, evergreen, droughtdeciduous shrub of 3–5 m tall. Osundewap: 1. TRANSLATIONIf the dog is adorn... Yoruba Proverb Ẹni tó ńbẹ̀rù àti ṣubú, àti dìde á nira fún un. I also started using more of African Basil (not for flavor but consuming as vegetables) and more of Jews mallows (using whole leaves in soups to consume more). E-F.Euphorbia milii, crown-of-thorns. Cnidoscolous aconitifolius (Miller) I. M. Johnston (Euphorbiaceae) known as tree spinach (English), efo iyana ipaja, or efo Jerusalem (Yoruba) is commonly found growing in western parts of Nigeria. (2005) for phylogenetic analyses. Cnidoscolous aconitifolius (Miller) I. M. Johnston (Euphorbiaceae) known as tree spinach (English), efo iyana ipaja, or efo Jerusalem (Yoruba) is commonly found growing in western parts of Nigeria. MALPIGHIALES. Castor bean originated in Eastern Africa based on the high diversity of plants found in Ethiopia (Foster et al., 2010), however this has not been directly tested. (Figure 8.35). (Everitt J.N. Find the best offers for houses iyana ipaja lagos. The 2007 edition of Guinness World Records also ranks Ricinus communis as the most poisonous plant in the world. However, ingestion of seeds of the castor oil plant is rare [74]. In cases where castor beans or crude ricin preparations are the suspected poisons, ricinine can also serve as a biomarker (see, for example, Mouser et al., 2007). Family Euphorbiaceae, Genus Ricinus. Confirm. J. The hoodlums smashed the head of an RRS officer and the rear wind shield of his patrol car at Abule Oki, Iyana Ipaja area of Lagos. The plant is known to display antimicrobial activity and has been used to treat several ailments [66]. The kidneys have three basic mechanisms of The first two subfamilies have two ovules per carpel (biovulate) and have been elevated to family rank, Phyllanthaceae and Picrodendraceae, respectively (in the Malpighiales). Euphorbiaceae or the spurge family is one of the largest and genetically diverse plant family with nearly 322 genera and 8,910 species, ranging from large woody trees to simple weeds (Mwine and Van Damme, 2011) and includes economically important species like Jatropha curcas, Manihot esculenta (cassava), Ricinus communis (castor bean) and Hevea brasiliensis (rubber tree) (Mwine and Van Damme, 2011). The stamens are 1–∞, distinct or connate. Chamaesyce is also similar to Pedilanthus and possibly the genus Cubanthus (Webster, 1994), other segregates of Euphorbia. In Tunisia, the plant is used as a contraceptive [66]. However, its consumption is good for health. Chamaesyce may be derived from within Euphorbia, and may be closely related to Euphorbia subgenus Agaloma. (2005) recognized nine mono-phyletic infrafamilial groups, including the newly recognized subfamilies Peroideae and Cheilosoideae and a monophyletic Euphorbioideae; the traditional Acalyphoideae and Croto-noideae are paraphyletic. RESEARCH BY UNIOSUN DONS - COMMON VEGETABLE MAY OFFER CURE FOR SLEEPLESSNESS, ANXIETY To many people in Lagos and its environs, all that they know about tree spinach, commonly referred to as efo iyana ipaja is that it is like other vegetables. In vivo, MEMO increased (p<0.05) superoxide dismutase and catalase activities by 408.0% and 295.0%, respectively. The goals are to improve perfusion by aggressive fluid resuscitation, vasopressor therapy, and replenishing electrolytes. Because the leaves have been boiled, the liquid is safe to use or drink. The operatives of the Rapid Response Squad, RRS, of the Lagos Police Command and the Iyana Ipaja Area Command on Wednesday morning arrested 20 suspected hoodlums over gang war which erupted at Iyana-Ipaja area of Lagos, Southwest Nigeria on Tuesday. Or, drink it like a tea. It has three structural domains with approximately 50% of the polypeptide arranged into alpha-helices and beta-sheets [76]. such as Efo Iyana-Ipaja and Efo Jerusalem, while in the Niger Delta of Nigeria; it has been nick-named “Hospital Too Far” because of its numerous health benefits. A.Chamaesyce maculata, close-up of leaves and cyathia. RTA is an N-glycoside hydrolase composed of 267 amino acids [75]. In the western part of Nigeria it is called different names such as efo Iyana Ipaja and efo Jerusalem. Genera not assigned to a subfamily are included in the polyphyletic Phyllanthoideae. among the vegetables, I realize that the rate at which people consume Elegede is very high during the rainy season. This inhibition prevents chain elongation and leads to cell death. K 5 [0] C 5 [0] A 1–∞ G (3) [(2–∞)], superior. Fruit is a capsule covered with soft prickles that contains three hard, shiny, brown seeds. The large (32 cm long and 30 cm wide) palmate lobed leaves are alternately arranged. The yearly production of castor oil seed exceeds over 1 million metric tonnes (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, 2009). Wednesday, 28-Jun-17 06:56:14 WAT from Android. Iyana-Ipaja, Lagos - 11/13 Banjo Alaran (Adebayo Johnson) Street, Off Abeokuta Express Way, Pako Bus Stop By Propel Petrol Statio I loved every time I spent at the hotel even though it was a short stay for me. Although Jatropha is toxic, it is one of the most valuable crude drugs of primitive times and is still widely used in medicine (Soomro and Memon, 2007) as a remedy for alopecia, burns, eczema, inflammation, paralysis and yellow fever. Yakubu Musa Toyin, ... Akanji Musbau Adewunmi, in Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants, 2014. István Ujváry, in Hayes' Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology (Third Edition), 2010. It is also used traditionally for the treatment of convulsion, epilepsy, parasitic eye and kidney infections, as a diuretic and painkiller, and in treatment of paralysis, spasm, headache, and swelling. Asides from this two vegetables, there are still some leafy vegetables that are been utilize by the Yoruba people among which are elegede, Cnidoscolous aconitifolius, Commonly called tree spinach, efo iyana ipaja, or efo Jerusalem (Yoruba), efo amunututu etc. Fatemeh Maghuly, ... Margit Laimer, in Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology, 2015. M.Manihot esculenta, cassava. Seeds are rich in triglycerides, mainly ricinoleic acid (12-hydroxy-cis-9-octadecenoic acid) and contain the poison ricin. Chaya a wonderful source of protein, vitamins, calcium, and iron and also a rich source of antioxidants. Miss. The seed cake is nutrient rich and therefore suitable as fertilizer (Ramkat, 2013) and has a crude protein content of 68%, which is far higher than in soybean (45.7%) (Aregheore et al., 2003). This plant is indigenous to the southeastern Mediterranean Basin, Eastern Africa, and India but is widespread throughout tropical regions and is widely used as an ornamental plant [66,67]. This dude is sure playing […] . Inhalation or injection is considered to be the most lethal route of exposure. Errrrrrr, just roughly blend in food processor or blender just and set that aside. Traffic Alert→ From Iyana Ipaja to Under Bridge Dopemu is Slow Traffic already built. Do not throw this away as it is a good source of nutrients. G. Whole plant, showing enlarged stipular spines. Chaya traditionally has been recommended for a number of ailments including diabetes, obesity, kidney stones, hemorrhoids, acne, and eye problems (Diaz-Bolio 1975).

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