On May 10, 1869, during an elaborate ceremony at Promontory Summit in Utah, the “Golden Spike” was driven in and the nation’s first Transcontinental Railroad was completed. This prejudice led to the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. 150 years after the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad, a local Chicago Museum highlights Chinese workers' contributions. But in a new exhibition at the National Museum of American History in Washington, a vital revision is presented. From 1863 and 1869, roughly 15,000 Chinese workers helped build the transcontinental railroad. After completion of the railroad, Chinese exclusion formalized racial violence and labor control on a continental scale, evacuating models of relationship governing the movement of people across Indigenous lands and waters. Camp, near Humboldt Wells, Nevada, about 1869. did not come out to California in large numbers until after the completion of the Transcontinental.”. Students will read and answer questions about the building of the Transcontinental Railroad, the Chinese and Irish immigrant labor, and the Land of Opportunity vs.  “Cultural Impact of Building the Transcontinental Railroad.”  Fuchs. “Workers, including the Irish, receive little attention. “White workers, whom the company wanted, did not sign on in numbers anything close to what was needed,” he says. A city within a city: Truckee’s Chinatown. Until spring 2020, Forgotten Workers: Chinese Migrants and the Building of the Transcontinental Railroad peels back the layers to see who else should be commemorated during the recent 150th anniversary of the transcontinental railroadâs completion â an achievement which has typically been celebrated with photos of old locomotives, successful-looking men in suits and anonymous workers hammering away. At first railroad companies were reluctant to hire Chinese workers, but the immigrants soon proved to be vital. âChinese workers were not citizens, werenât allowed to become citizens. The transcontinental railroad has been viewed in a similarly nationalistic way ever since. More Chinese immigrants began arriving in California, and two years later, about 90 percent of the workers were Chinese. A transcontinental railroad in the United States is any continuous rail line connecting a location on the U.S. Pacific coast with one or more of the railroads of the nation's eastern trunk line rail systems operating between the Missouri or Mississippi Rivers and the U.S. Atlantic coast. They had to face dangerous work conditions â accidental explosions, snow and rock avalanches, which killed hundreds of workers, not to mention frigid weather. Despite Chinese workers' contributions to building America’s historic infrastructure project, Chang says their history is often forgotten. All these groups are outside the classical American mainstream.â. A Native American man looking at the Central Pacific Railroad, about 1869. “Crocker’s colleagues objected at first because of prejudice but then relented as they had few other options. “Chinese received 30-50 percent lower wages than whites for the same job and they had to pay for their own food stuffs,” Chang says. Chinese laborers made up a majority of the Central Pacific workforce that built out the transcontinental railroad east from California. The exhibition features a century-old pair of chopsticks, as well as canisters for tea and soy sauce. “Many books on the railroad focus on the Big Four and the barons of the UP,” he says. A Murder Changed That. More than 40,000 Chinese immigrants arrived in California during the 1850s.