Now a day’s many types of machines are available for weaving of silk threads. Sericulture scheme is implemented by Rural Development Department. Cotton, jute and flax are all plant fibres. Methods of Sericulture Step 1. Rearing of silkworm to produce raw silk is called sericulture. Adjust the temperature and relative humidity as per requirement by using cooling, heating and humidifying appliances such as air cooler, room heater, charcoal stove, wet gunny cloth or by sprinkling water on the roof or using wet sand. Before reeling the thread, the cocoons square measure unfit in a very instrumentation of plight for quite ten minutes. Employment generation under different activities of sericulture. Now these fresh cocoons are ready to take them out into reeling pot. As an alternate method, planting saplings instead of cuttings is found to be advantageous as it takes cares of variation in growth. This process is also called silk reeling. A cocoon is an oval- to football-shaped object made by a mature silkworm larva by spinning silk proteins; the silkworm larva develops into a pupa inside it. Sericulture in India. This indicates that they are ready to build a net of silk around them which is actually a liquid protein secreted from the head of silk moth or caterpillar. At this stage silkworms are transferred in circular bamboo tray to get uniformly shaped cocoons and its easier to collect from this tray. Sericulture combines agriculture and also the industry. Commercially its cultivation is very profitable. You can register yourself at Vedantu website as well to get free PDFs of NCERT Solutions of all subjects and study material. Mahatma Gandhi was critical of silk production based on the Ahimsa philosophy "not to hurt any living thing". Single filaments are combined to form thread, which is drawn under tension through several guides and wound onto reels. Weaving, loom, structure of loom. Great progress has been made in the past decade in the field of sericulture research. A loom is used for this purpose. Sericulture is a very old occupation in India. In the early 21st century, the organisation PETA has also campaigned against silk. It coordinates the members’ training programs. Like agriculture, sericulture, as an industry, requires greater development in research and technology aimed at increased production. (ii) To acquaint the general aspects of Sericulture industry. The female silkmoth lays 300 to 500 eggs. This text covers the complete range of subjects with current data relating to mulberry and silkworm. The two-method adopted were M1 (pile method) and M2 (bin method). Thus, meaning of sericulture or silk farming is the cultivation of silkworms or silk moths to produce silk. The silk filaments are then wound on a reel. Sericulture technique covering various aspects has also advanced greatly. To produce quality seed, it is very important to adopt scientific methods of egg production process, right from seed crop rearing to egg incubation.  The immersion in hot water also kills the silkmoth pupa. Sorry!, This page is not available for now to bookmark. The silkworm spins approximately one mile of filament and completely encloses itself in a cocoon in about two or three days. While wool and silk are animal fibres. India is the 2. largest producer of silk in the world after China and Karnataka is the largest producer of silk in India. Sericulture Project Report. Silk thread extraction The silk is a continuous filament comprising fibroin protein, secreted from two salivary glands in the head of each worm, and a gum called sericin, which cements the filaments. As a result, about 2,500 silkworms are required to produce a pound of raw silk. Indian sericulture scenario in egg production CO2. This silk is used as an anchor from which the worm swings back and forth to draw a long continuous fibre and build the cocoon. While wool and silk are animal fibres. We get silk fibre from silk-worm cocoon. on trays that are arranged one above the other in tiers held by rearing stand, so that a large number of worms can be reared at a time in a small place (Fig. Sericulture, also called silk farming, is the process of making silk fibers. Sericulture has become an important cottage industries in countries such as Brazil, China, France, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, and Russia. It is also confirmed by archeology. Thus, meaning of sericulture or silk farming is the cultivation of silkworms or silk moths to produce silk. In the study village, DWCRA arranges meetings with sericulture officials to learn about new methods of technology/crop/seeds. Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. In this article, we are going to provide Study Notes for the School of Agriculture. The sericin is removed by placing the cocoons in hot water, which frees the silk filaments and readies them for reeling. Silk fibers are combined into silk thread. Archaeometry, vol. This modern method is only suitable for bivoltine species. Muthesius, "Silk in the Medieval World", p. 331. smuggling of silkworm eggs into the Byzantine Empire, Hill, John E. 2003. Pro Lite, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12.
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