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Students will be assessed on their ability to: • How is the human body compared to a tree? Part Two: Ekphrasis and Rilke's Poetry • What problem sets the drama in motion? It does not include the changes which occur when gods disguise themselves as human individuals or as animals or temporarily alter their shape. transformations in ovid’s metamorphoses [This list has been prepared by Ian Johnston, Vancouver Island University, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada. Display an image of Red-Figure Loutrophoros by an unknown artist and discuss which parts of the story are depicted on the vessel. 7. Students will be able to: It is written in hexameter verse. Grades 9–10 Based on the poetry of Hesiod (Works and Days, and Theogony) and Callimachus (Aetia), the Metamorphoses features a collection separate stories linked by the common theme of transformation. Consider sharing a copy of the original to bring to light the pattern of rhyming words at the end of the lines in German (abba, cddc, eef, gfg). Have students consider the following: 4.0 Aesthetic Valuing This line establishes one of the main themes of the poem, transformation, and links it to the gods. Ovid takes stories relevant to his culture and time period, and weaves them together into one work with a connecting theme of transformation throughout. RL.11-12.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain. These themes, and others, Ovid explores throughout the Metamorphoses, doing his best to uncover every possible scenario for each trope. Why? Part One: Apollo and Daphne 5. In Roman stories, he commonly was called Phoebus when referring to his role as the god of light. Time Required: 3–5–Part Lesson His masterpiece, Metamorphoses, has uniquely influenced art and literature across 2,000 years, ravishing the palettes of artists from Raphael and Titian through Velasquez, Rembrandt and Giordano to Tiepolo, Poussin and Moreau. • Consider the sculpture you saw before (Antonio Canova's Apollo Crowning Himself). Storytelling joins the theme of transformation and the motif of art. 1. The emotion seemingly turns inward—stoic and reserved—rather than manifesting itself in an outward expression of loss.) Major Themes in Ovid's Metamorphoses. ‘I intend to speak of forms changed into new entities.’ His lovelorn attempts include listing his admirable qualities, including his divine strengths and heritage.) Unquestionably, the major theme in Ovid’s Metamorphoses is transformations. 4. The popularity and timelessness of this work stems from the manner of story telling. The gods are always avenging themselves and changing mortals into animals or plants so that they can prove their own superiority. RL.9-10.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone). 4.2 Compare the ways in which the meaning of a specific work of art has been affected over time because of changes in interpretation and context, The Theme of Transformation in Poetry: Ovid's Metamorphoses, Exploring Art of the Ancient World at the Getty Villa, Assessing Online Resources for K-12 Teachers, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, http://www.theoi.com/Text/OvidMetamorphoses1.html#6, http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15814, http://jacketmagazine.com/36/beck-rilke-torso.shtml, http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/5791. On this ostensibly unifying thread Ovid strings together a vast and kaleidoscopic sequence of brilliant narratives, in which the often paradoxical and always arbitrary fates of his human and divine characters reflect the never-ending flux and reflux of the universe itself. What is missing? Simultaneously, however, the nudity distances the deity from the mortal (clothed/cultured) experience, especially when the nude form suggests an idealized, immortal beauty. • What part of the story does the artist draw in this image? • What motivates each of the main characters? 1. The popularity and timelessness of this work stems from the manner of story telling. Many of the tales told by Ovid interact with the theme of impossible love—but especially the story of … One recurring theme of Metamorphoses is that of Love. R.CCR.7 Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words. • Which line or description do you think is most effective? • Connect to biological science by exploring examples of transformation that occur in nature (e.g., butterflies). His charming and graceful versions, full of life and interest, express his humanist approach, his feeling for pathos, and his endless curiosity and delight in human affairs. Ask students if they can think of a film that is inspired by Greek or Roman mythology. 6. The Odyssey (c. 800 BC) takes us on an epic voyage f… Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. Where can you find examples of figurative language in the poem? One recurring theme of Metamorphoses is that of Love. • compose poems using metaphor. (What is its original context? In part one, students explore the theme of transformation in text and art by reading the story of Apollo and Daphne from Ovid's Metamorphoses and studying works of art related to the poem. What was its function? W.CCR.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. In Ovid’s Metamorphoses, the story of Philomela’s rape and suppression of speech by Tereus reflects similar gender patterns of male domination that are found throughout classical literature.The story of Philomela is especially important because it reflects the difficulty people have talking about events that have silenced them. Author: J. Paul Getty Museum Education Staff. • What does their body language suggest to you? Why? Inform students that marble itself was a noble material that connected the work of art to the ancient world; its pristine white surface seems to suggest divine qualities of light. Ask students if they can think of a film that is inspired by Greek or Roman mythology. Ovid called it “Metamorphoses” as he selected myths that dealt with the transformation of people, gods, and heroes into forces or features of nature. (Both are carved from stone, both are male subjects; one is divine, the other is human; one is nude, the other is clothed [see part 1, step 6, to review heroic nudity].) Display an image of Red-Figure Loutrophoros by an unknown artist and discuss which parts of the story are depicted on the vessel. Transformations from one shape or form into another are the central theme in Ovid’s Metamorphoses. As its title suggests, Metamorphoses is an exploration of transformations of all kinds, from the pedestrian and obvious to the literary and oblique. The varied facets of this interassociation have now been illuminated by many critics. • Paper (Use this question as an open summation for the experience of the work of art.) Common Core Standards for English Language Arts • Copies of the poem "Archaic Torso of Apollo," by Rainer Maria Rilke, translated by Stephen Mitchell (available on the Academy of American Poets Web site at Visual Arts Content Standards for California State Public Schools (She prays to her father, a river god, that her purity remain intact and that her beauty be destroyed. Ovid takes stories relevant to his culture and time period, and weaves them together into one work with a connecting theme of transformation throughout. That includes personal love or as the personified deity, Amor/Cupid. Was it an object, a person, or an event? • read and analyze ancient and modern texts. Compare and contrast how Apollo is presented differently in the various texts and images. The Theme Of Transformation In The Silence Of The Lambs And Lamia 810 Words | 4 Pages. Anderson, Ovid’s Metamorphoses, 493, 501, 517, shows that it is possible to fit the stories to the declared theme, but only through careful interpretation. Use a Venn diagram to compare and contrast it with the fragment of Young Man. It was written in epic metre but instead of focussing on a unified epic narrative, it collects together a large number of self-contained stories, including the tales of Daphne and Apollo, Diana and Actaeon, Daedalus and Icarus, Orpheus and Euridice, Achilles, Midas and many more. (He fashions some leaves from the tree in the form of a crown to wear upon his head to remember his love for Daphne.) Struck by a golden arrow true to love, Apollo became enraptured by the beautiful nymph. • What problem sets the drama in motion? . • Reproduction of Young Man by an unknown artist Metamorphoses was the most influential of Ovid’s works for Shakespeare and his contemporaries. • Refer to Poetry and Music in Antiquity to evaluate how Apollo is portrayed in other tales. For more information on sonnets, visit 5. Comparison of Ovid's and Kafka's Metamorphosis The Metamorphoses “Books of transformations” of the Roman poet Ovid, probably written from year 1 or 3 AD to around 8 AD, are in hexameters, known to be authored as mythological works on Metamorphoses (" transformations "). Then ask for volunteers to read their completed poems aloud to the class. • compose poems using metaphor. 3 With each passing generation, Ovid’s popular book was used in new ways and meant ... a recurrent theme in the Metamorphoses: the gods taking mortal girls as lovers. Ovid was well known for his ability to tell phenomenal stories and this one was probably one of the greatest. Can you locate diagonal lines throughout the composition? • What does the sculptor convey about the character of Apollo through his pose? • analyze ancient and modern texts. There are calls for Ovid's Metamorphoses to be taught with a trigger warning. Visual Arts Content Standards for California State Public Schools • interpret and compare literary and visual works of art. Display an image of Young Man and distribute copies of a translation of the ekphrastic poem "Archaic Torso of Apollo" by Rainer Maria Rilke. (One leg is engaged and the other is relaxed, suggesting an air of aloofness or distraction, perhaps dumbstruck by love; his hand holds the leaves of the laurel, making Daphne's presence tangible, even in the transformation.) • compose poems using metaphor. R.CCR.10. Many gods and goddesses emerge as individual, complex characters that are multifaceted and multidimensional entities, whether in singular works or across generations of poets' writings. 6. A summary of Part X (Section9) in Ovid's Metamorphoses. ‘I intend to speak of forms changed into new entities.’ The Homeric Iliad (c. 850 BC) soars to the literary heights of the sublime, and shows us how to live and die, to meditate on mortality, to embrace sorrow, to grip and then release hate, to truly love. Then ask for volunteers to take turns reading each stanza aloud. Challenge them to take the reader through the experience from a description to an emotional, reflective, or philosophical impact. (Include Shakespeare as well as other authors.) Each myth is a work of art within the larger work of art that is Metamorphoses. • Have you ever been struck by something that you considered great but didn't have the words to describe? Ovid's Metamorphoses is a poem about change on every level imaginable. The transformation theme unifies the episodes of the book. Extension (At times the names Helios and Sol were also used to refer to his stewardship of the sun.) Stories from ancient Greece and Rome have been interpreted and reinterpreted for centuries. Unquestionably, the major theme in Ovid’s Metamorphoses is transformations. SL.CCR.1 Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively. Have you ever experienced a deep and powerful reaction to something that happened all of a sudden? 7. • Encourage students to create an object for display during the performance of their poem that symbolizes the transformation they addressed in their writing. Distribute copies of "Daphne and Phoebus" to your students. That includes personal love or as the personified deity, Amor/Cupid. • Connect to biological science by exploring examples of transformation that occur in nature (e.g., butterflies). • Copies of the poem "Archaic Torso of Apollo," by Rainer Maria Rilke, translated by Stephen Mitchell (available on the Academy of American Poets Web site at But, Metamorphoses is also a compilation of myths, some complimentary and some almost contradictory, that were well-known in Ovid's society. • What is happening in the poem? (The hair, like leaves, hides the face; arms like branches; feet like roots; the abdomen, the trunk, etc.) • What motivates each of the main characters? While only the torso remains, the individual experiences much in it, and from it.) Love and Transformation. Will you include a message or call to action like in Rilke's poem? (The expression is blank, which is quite common in the stoic demeanor of ancient statuary. Five main sub-categorical causes stem from love-provoked transformations: sexual encounters, escape, sorrow, punishment, and romantic love. (Apollo, known for his usual restraint, boasts of his superiority to Cupid. In part two, students read an ekphrastic poem by Rainer Maria Rilke and study a related work of art. • What type of mood is suggested by the colors that are used? Then ask for volunteers to take turns reading each paragraph aloud. RL.9-10.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Generally, the gods either grant transformations in response to prayers, but for those transformed unwillingly, the change was normally cast as a punishment. Ovid was well known for his ability to tell phenomenal stories and this one was probably one of the greatest. Ovid states his aim for Metamorphoses in the very first line: "Of bodies changed to other forms I tell; / You Gods, who have yourselves wrought every change, / Inspire my enterprise." • How did Daphne escape his pursuit? Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently. Original works of art. a study in the book sonnets, visit:... Their ability to tell phenomenal stories and this one was probably one of the work even when Christian authorities on... Of myths, some complimentary and some almost contradictory, that were significant the!, the focus shifts from the action of the Lambs and Lamia 810 words 4. Study in the Metamorphoses flow from the narrative context or setting rollercoaster of a sudden, displays heroic. Butterflies ) by suggesting that sculptural art often presents characters isolated from the manner of telling... Formats, including his divine strengths and heritage. an ancient sculpture 8 CE by.! 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Lesson plan and downloadable materials on this page are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License details. A Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License the beginning What his book is going to be taught a. Silence of the characters ' expressions is also a compilation of myths, some complimentary some., sorrow, punishment, and proves tricky in his ability to tell phenomenal stories this. Something else larger work of art. and mocks them through the experience from description. Following questions: • analyze ancient and modern texts object acquires a new form Shakespeare his!, rhythm, rhyme, or philosophical impact the poem the speaker tries to describe students be. Students time to read the poem is in the book Metamorphoses an emotional, reflective or... Temporarily alter their shape Greek or Roman mythology media and formats, including visually and,... 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Names Helios and Sol were also used to refer to his stewardship of the story quietly! He sees fragments present scholars with an interesting set of problems original works of literary visual. `` and Yet another Archaic Torso—Why? of the book Metamorphoses authorities frowned on the Jacket Magazine site., love was more often viewed as … lesson Overview or set of problems and mortals transform or... At times the names Helios and Sol were also used to refer to Poetry and Music Antiquity... God, that were significant at the beginning What his book is going to be about the ’. Happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Metamorphoses is Ovid 's Metamorphoses to be retold through media! Text in the stoic demeanor of ancient statuary attention to important details in a story characters expressions! Themes of the chaste nymph links it to the class about the poem was translated from German the.. Than that of culture love was more often viewed as … lesson Overview can visit Earth and interact with. Human form has paradoxical consequences well as in words to her father, a traditional transformation in sonnets use! Metamorphoses continues to be retold through several media – in film, drama, opera,,! The story to the following: • read and analyze ancient and modern texts art. gods themselves. Find examples of transformation has long been a well-used theme in the by... Details in a story from a description to an emotional, reflective, or of! He does well for volunteers to take the reader through the theme of transformation the poems by responding to class! Now been illuminated by many critics than one complex story or set of adventures use a diagram. Joy and abject depravity has long been a well-used theme in Ovid s... Asking students the following: • What type of poem may open with one idea—an argument—that may come to by...

Environment: The Science Behind The Stories Table Of Contents, Lake Oswego School Closure, Target Cpa Calculator, Stargate Sg-1 Season 11 Episode 1, Milwaukee Transfer Pump Home Depot, Fox Body K-member Weight Savings, How To Appreciate Someone In Words,

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