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Learn below how to plant juniper ground covers, what some of the best types are, and what assets they bring to your landscaping. There are approximately 50 species of junipers and they are found in most countries in the northern hemisphere. Redberry juniper (J. pinchotii) is a stabilized hybrid of alligator juniper and oneseed juniper [89,129]. Pass on the wealth of information about these highly valued trees to others and surprise them with your knowledge! The most striking feature of California juniper trees is their bluish small cones. In the manufacturing industry, juniper oil helps add fragrance in soaps, perfumes, bath oils, bubble bath products, hair conditioners, shampoos, and cosmetics (lipsticks, foundation eye shadow, etc). Here is some detailed information on the juniper tree. This evergreen species is a small to medium tree that spikes up to 50 feet in height. Although come junipers use the work cedar in their common names, these plants are not members of the Cedrus genus. Other common names include checkerbark juniper, oak-barked juniper, thick-barked juniper, western juniper, and mountain cedar. 'McFetter' is the most common cultivar used in landscapes; it is used in hedges or for buffer screening. There are more than 100 cultivars of this plant available, including varieties with yellow foliage. The juvenile leaves are needle-like and the cones are berry-like. They can, however, be an excellent choice as specimen plantings for rocky outcroppings where there is little combustible material in the immediate area. There are many subspecies or varieties of the common juniper ( Juniperous communis).Common juniper is a low shrub that generally grows no more than 3 to 4 feet high but can grow into a 30-foot tree. The needles boast small flowers, with yellow male blooms and yellowish-green female blooms. Greek Juniper, or Juniperus excels is a type of juniper that is distributed throughout the eastern Mediterranean, northeastern Greece and southern Bulgaria, Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, and all across Syria. There are 13 juniper species native to … One way to distinguish one seed juniper from others is observing its broad leaves that range up to 10 mm in length. The shoots are moderately thick at about 1 mm in diameter. This evergreen shrub requires full sun exposure, at least 6 hours of sunlight, for healthy growth. Try these curated collections. One variety of the Chinese juniper ('Toruloso') is known as the Hollywood juniper. On the western side, red cedar tree ranges from East to the west side of the Great Plains. Utah juniper is commonly found on dry plains, plateaus, and mountains. The berry/cones of the common juniper (Juniperus communis) provide the flavoring for gin. Rocky Mountain juniper is a source of food and shelter to many wildlife species such as birds, deer, turkeys, mule, elk, sheep, and antelope. As you venture into the world of juniper, it is best to narrow your search down to one of these types … Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. For example, the fragrant timber of common juniper is used for making utensils such as dishes. Juniper is a short to medium-height evergreen shrub, belonging to the genus Juniperus. However, it is far from that adjective. Chinese juniper grows narrow and cone shaped. Junipers have a resinous sap that is quite combustible. Within the species, over 100 cultivars are used and sold in nurseries. (Other common names include single-seed juniper and cherrystone juniper.) The needles are blue-green to gray-green. Adult needles are short and convex-shaped while juvenile ones are awl-like in shape. Native to North America, California Juniper trees are conical in shape with evergreen foliage. The leaves are scale-like in the mature trees, and the cones are the familiar blue-green berries with waxy white coating found in many junipers. There are over 50 species of the genus juniperus total, and juniper horizantalis is just one of those species. The leaves on mature plants are flattened scales, and the cones are dark-blue berries with a waxy white coating. These needles can be found in colors like green, grayish-green, or bluish-green. These are the most common types of junipers: Chinese Juniper … The wood is the most notable part of the variant as it is long-lasting and durable. Highly tolerant to harsh winds and droughts, juniper shrubs prefer sunny locations with sandy to well-drained soil for growth. Some types grow as a low ground cover. The berries are also used as a seasoning for pickling pork or meat. Therefore, the seeds are always sterile. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List because it is a widespread species with an increasing population. It is generally the female plants that produce colorful berries, which are actually modified cones. The stems and branches are quite thick, and the gray-brown bark may exfoliate in thin strips. However, they are intolerant to poor drainage as it can destroy landscaping and cause pooling. The alligator juniper trees are the main attraction to plenty of bird species including woodpeckers, flycatchers, sparrows, Mexican jays, hummingbirds, etc. The eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is the usual host on the juniper side, though many of the other species are also susceptible to at least some degree. There is a fungus called cedar-apple rust (Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae) that makes its home on juniper trees first, then transfers to apples, crabapples, hawthorn, and quince, causing damage to both plants. These flat, scaly needled branches also produce small, purplish-blue cones. This plant can take many forms depending on its environment. The berries are used for seasoning and making medicinal drugs, etc. All of this helps in fighting off possible signs and symptoms of severe health symptoms. However, you can also plant in spring and water a bit more at the beginning. They should ideally be soaked or simmered before eating. The spreading and low-growing form of the juniper ground cover is often seen in rock gardens or flanking a garden border as edging. The wood was used for many different tasks during the pioneer era. At that time, it was the biggest tree of its species in the United States. It features scale-like blue-gray leaves and reddish-brown cones. This is not a species to plant in mass within dense residential areas where there is an ongoing danger of wildfires. Please note that mountain juniper pollinates from April to May and the berries mature from October to December. The tree boasts a reddish-brown bark, broad-shaped crown, and needle-like leaves. This tree has a reddish-brown or gray bark that sheds in strips and the cones are greenish berries that mature into purplish-brown. This will allow you to enjoy its pleasant scent and the greenery in the area. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. The natives of North America use juniper extracts to treat chronic conditions like tuberculosis, intestinal gas, bloating, heartburn, gastrointestinal infections, etc. This is a close relative to the eastern red cedar, and it is sometimes known as the Mountain red cedar, Rocky Mountain cedar, or Colorado red cedar. You can roughly group junipers into three main growth types: groundcover, midheight or mounding, and tall upright. As the name suggests, this juniper shrub is commonly found throughout much of the world. This moisture-hungry tree can accept a wide range of soil textures; however, most of its kinds are found on gravelly loams or gravelly clay loams with a Ph level of 7.4 to 8.0. List of Different Types of Juniper Trees. They can be either monoecious or dioecious. It is very tolerant of alkaline soils and is often used to provide erosion control on dry slopes. The leaves of these evergreen conifers usually take the form of flattened scales in the mature plants, though they may be needle-like in juvenile plants. It is used as a specimen tree or in large screen plantings. While some varieties reach only 18 inches (45 cm. With shapes ranging from ground-hugging juniper bushes just 6 inches high to towering juniper trees 130 feet tall, and colors from steely blue to shimmering gold, there’s a juniper that suits nearly every landscape need. This tree is now quite rare over much of its native territory in Mexico, but it is very common in New Mexico and other portions of the U.S. Southwest. This juniper species is a large shrub or tree that usually has multiple stems with a dense-rounded crown. It is important to recognize these champion trees to understand the beauty and diversity of our ecosystem. Juniperus occidentalis, known as the western juniper, is a shrub or tree native to the western United States, growing in mountains at altitudes of 800–3,000 metres (2,600–9,800 ft) and rarely down to 100 metres (330 ft). The low type of Junipers can be used as great groundcover in the landscape and the large, upright works well for hedges, windbreaks and screens. ... of 367. tree silhouette willow trees name trees with name sycamore tree vector tree types vector walnut tree silhouette red pine silhouette sycamore tree silhoutte cottonwood tree silhouette tree types. Also known as Siberian juniper or dwarf juniper, common juniper is one of the most common junipers in the world. By EU law, all the various types of gin must have juniper as the predominant flavour. This variety of juniper can be spotted in every state of the United States. Native to Mexico and the Himalayas of North Eastern Pakistan, weeping juniper is a tall tree with drooping branches. It can also be seen in moist coniferous/mixed forests, road/stream margins, clearings, etc. Creeping juniper lives up to its name and works well as a groundcover. How a Packet Travels Along an LSP, Types of LSPs, Scope of LSPs Juniper is ideally planted in fall to ensure root growth and thus proper settling in in spring. This is an upright tree with dark blue-green scale-like foliage. The wood obtained from redcedar is finely grained and resistant to decay as well. 36,618 juniper tree stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. The bark of this tree is marked with rough, squarely-shaped plates which resemble the skin of an alligator. The alligator juniper is named for its distinctive bark that resembles the rough, checkered skin of an alligator. Owing to the pollination, the tree is able to mature within the span of 6 to 8 months. Photo by: Salvador De Los Reyes. The wood is used for the construction of fence posts, pails, chests, and pencils. The essential oil of juniper is inhaled to ease body pain and cure illnesses like bronchitis. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. are one of the hardiest, most versatile and drought-tolerant shrubs. It grows well in both alkaline and acidic soils, as well as adapting to many locations, such as windy sites. They tend to be deep blue or purple in hue and are often covered with a whitish bloom that needs to be wiped off before using them. Common juniper (Juniperus communis) A tree or shrub species from North America, Europe and Western Asia.Although it can reach 7 feet, in most cases it does not exceed 3.5 or 4 meters. This unique variety of juniper is named for its most outstanding feature – the bark. Types of Juniper. Regarded as a “pioneer” tree species, this hardy tree is the first species to occupy deserted regions by spreading seeds through waxwings and birds that prefer seed cones. The plants are found throughout the Northern Hemisphere. The Eastern Redcedar tree ranges from southeastern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. The mature foliage is scale-like, and the cone/fruit is bluish brown. Whether you want to cover a slope for erosion control or create a privacy hedge, there’s one that fits the bill. Drooping juniper gets its name because of the way that the branchlets droop down. Red cedar is a form of juniper that is especially fragrant, a quality that is sometimes used to repel insects (the wood is often used in cedar chests). Unfortunately, cones usually have their seed apex exposed. By using The Spruce, you accept our, California Juniper (Juniperus californica), Creeping Juniper (Juniperus horizontalis), Rocky Mountain Juniper (Juniperus scopulorum), Utah Juniper (Juniperus osteosperma or J. utahensis). Juniper shrubs are evergreen and are usually low spreading bush type plants. This type of juniper comes with an extensive root system which makes it highly competent for daily moisture. This plant is rarely planted as a landscape specimen, but the wood is often used for fence posts and other purposes. Do You Know the Difference Between Evergreens and Conifers? Small, 1/2 inch, pale blue berry-like cones turn dark brown when mature. This variety of juniper tree produces berry-like cones that are 5 to 10 mm long and 4 to 7 mm in diameter. A fun fact is that one seed juniper has the second deepest roots, after Boscia albitrunca, extending as deep as 61m well deep into the earth’s surface. The western juniper (also known as the Sierra juniper) provides food for a variety of wildlife throughout the year, especially birds such as cedar waxwings that feast on the berries. As the name implies, Utah juniper is the most common tree species found in Utah as it covers 1/5th of the land area in the state! The best quality about creeping juniper is that it is adaptable to any type of soil – hot, dry, or even poor. This is one of the junipers with good tolerance for urban conditions, but it does not like wet soils. Its round crown and a long trunk make for a dominant part of the tree. Scientifically known “Juniperus monosperma”, one-seed juniper is native to western North America, including regions such as Arizona, New Mexico, Western Oklahoma, Southern Colorado, and Western Texas. It is the most abundant juniper in North America, hence the name. There are also hundreds of Chinese juniper cultivars that are adapted to … Common varieties include “Blue Pacific” and “Emerald Sea.” Chinese juniper – A large, conical tree. Creeping Juniper: Blue Rug. It is in the Cupressaceae family (Cypress) with 70 to 80 species growing in the northern hemisphere. This variety of juniper is vividly known for its varying size as it can be found in small to medium to large shrubs and trees. A moderate level of elevation is also ideal for the growth of the alligator juniper as its varieties are found in high-leveled Trans-Pecos regions. Junipers are the most versatile evergreen shrubs out there and it is worth knowing most of their varieties, if not all of them. Scale-like foliage. Some other common names of creeping juniper include trailing juniper and creeping Savin juniper. The leaves on Chinese juniper are needle-like when the plants are young, but assume the shape of scales as the plant matures. The wax from the verries is used in candles as an ornamental piece. It is also often used in bonsai. The largest growth size of a Chinese juniper tree is up to 50 feet in height while the largest Chinese juniper shrub does not grow more than 8 feet in height. It is locally used for the construction of fence-posts. This is a good plant for dry, rocky conditions. This last type of juniper is the most common one worldwide. The plant gets its name because the cone/berry typically contains just one seed. As juveniles, these upright trees have needle-like leaves that become flattened scales in the mature plants. The maximum this juniper can grow in height is up to 2 to 7 m. The bark of the tree is grayish brown which exfoliates in thin strips, resulting in orangey-brown surface. It has an upright trunk with thin, shedding strips. This is a rare juniper that has needle-like leaves, rather than scales. What else it needs is dry, moist, and well-drained soil. Owing to their drought-resistance capability, creeping juniper shrubs can be planted in areas where irrigation is impossible. Scientifically known as Juniperus deppeana, this variety of juniper is widely distributed in the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. In its full-bloom, the tree boasts scale-like leaves in a light to medium green color. The leaves begin needle-like but becomes scales when the plants mature. ... Another blue carpet juniper is Blue Pacific, which, as a cultivar of Juniperus conferta is a slightly more tender selection than those noted thus far, performing best in zones 6-9. It has soft blue-green foliage and grows well in zones 7-11.Juniperus conferta or Shore Juniper is ideal for sandy and poor soils. As it matures it creates an intriguing twisted form that works well as a specimen plant. Native to Chicago, Illinois, North America, this commonly-found variety is distributed in the dry hillsides and slopes. The common juniper, also known as Siberian juniper or dwarf juniper, globally is the most widespread of the juniper species, and many subspecies and varieties have been described. This juniper shrub grows to between 12 and 15 feet and spreads out to widths that equal its height. This species has also been classified as Juniperus cedrosiana, Juniperus pyriformis or Juniperus cerrosianus. This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers.  We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. It can grow happily in the company of oaks, pinons, ponderosas, etc. Native to Asia, Chinese juniper trees and shrubs feature an old ridged bark with two types of needles – adult and juvenile. Juniper Trees, Facts and Info about the Juniper Tree. Unlike many junipers, this tree has a fairly good tolerance for moisture, though it does not like to soak in boggy soil. Did you know that drooping juniper of Texas made it to the list of American Forests Champion Trees in 2018? That’s a wrap on the most popular varieties of juniper shrubs and trees. With research still in progress, the actual number of species belonging to the genus Juniperus is not clear. Formerly, it was believed that maybe the exposed part was a different species (Juniperus gymnocarpa). The city of Cedar City, Utah, and Cedar Breaks National Monument got their names because of these shrubby trees, which grow abundantly in Utah and do well in its alkaline soils. The name Alligator juniper, however, is the most common name of these types of juniper trees because they have barks that look like the skin of alligators. Eastern redcedar is best planted in full sun or partial shade. Multiple scientific studies show that juniper berries and oil consist of chemicals that alleviate gas and inflammation. Like many junipers, the leaves on juvenile Greek junipers are needles that become flattened scales as the tree matures. Common juniper is found across the U.S. and Canada (as well as Greenland, Europe, and Asia). Hetzii is an eastern red cedar cultivar. Related: Types of Myrtle | Types of Firethorns | Types of Grevillea | Types of Germander. Junipers vary in size and shape from tall trees, 20–40 m (66–131 ft) tall, to columnar or low-spreading shrubs with long, trailing branches. Alligator trees have the ability to strive and thrive in slightly acidic igneous soil and alkaline limestone. American Indians eat both raw and cooked berries and used them as a flavoring for meat and gin. Types of Juniper Bonsai. According to current research, this variety of juniper has a growth rate of up to 12 to 24 inches per year. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. The cones on female trees are purple-blue berries. What Size of Bean Bag Chair Should I Buy? Scientifically known as Juniperus scopulorum sarg, rocky mountain juniper is a small-growing tree that can reach up to 3 to 30 feet tall. For the perfect growth, the alligator juniper tree prefers dry hillsides such as the Guadalupe Mountains. The reason why this juniper species is called creeping juniper is that it creeps into parts of plant borders. high. The Rocky Mountain juniper is a small- to medium-sized tree that usually grows a pyramidal shape. These cones are fleshy and form the appearance of a berry; however, only female trees tend to grow these attractive cones. Greek Juniper requires little to no pruning and is also slightly water tolerant. Do not plant a juniper in your yard if there are apple trees in your yard or within a mile or two. If you like, you can go for trimming if you need to make garlands, wreaths, sprigs, or mantle decoration out of their thick crown. Several species are cultivated, and juniper cones, known as ‘berries,’ are used to flavor gin and other beverages. This is one of the juniper species that is particularly susceptible to cedar-apple rust. According to the Science of Dendrochronology or tree-ring dating, alligator juniper trees have a slow growth rate. These glossy bluish-black cones contain only one seed and are the center of attraction among a large variety of birds. Due to their spreading nature they help control erosion and to cover an area with poor soil. Originating in the northern hemisphere, juniper has between 50 to 60 different species. That is why this article covers the most popular juniper shrubs and trees that you should know about. 12 Different Types of Juniper Shrubs and Trees, 26 Different Types of Brooms for Sweeping Floors, Ladybugs (The Secret Ingredient to a Pest Free Garden), 11 Herbs to Grow in Water on Your Windowsill, The Dos, Maybes, and Don’ts of Composting, The Bladderwort Carnivorous Plant (How it Keeps Your Backyard Pond Clean), Cortijo Juan Salvador by Marion Regitko Architects.

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